Exhaustive Index of

GOD STAR (2006)

FLARE STAR (2007)

PRIMORDIAL STAR (2009)

 

by Dwardu Cardona

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This complete index of Dwardu Cardona’s works is intended as a tool to make cross-referencing easier for the researcher, by simply using the browser’s Search function.

 

All books may be purchased from Mikamar Publishing, as well as from Trafford Publishing, Amazon.com, Abebooks.co.uk, Amazon.co.uk and other online bookstores.

A compendium of the hypotheses that outline the views expressed in Dwardu Cardona's work can be downloaded here (pdf, 131 Kb)

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[GS]: God Star · [FS]: Flare Star · [PS] Primordial Star

* *

 

A

 

Aa (see Ea)

Aai, 237 [FS]

aakhu, aakhut, 451 [GS]

Abbé Breuil (illustrations after), 188, 190, 191, 201 [FS]

ABC News, 369 [FS]

Abel, 419 [FS]

Aberdeenshire, 84 [FS]

Abery, Jill, 185, 315 [GS], 360, 377 [FS], 41 [PS]

Aborigines (Australian), 441 [GS], 45 [PS], 401 ff., 469 [FS]

Abraham (Abram), 118-120, 132 [FS]

Absalom, 210 [GS]

Abydos, 78, 230 [GS]

Abyss, 417 [GS]

abyss, celestial (see deep, the) [FS]

Abzu (see Apsu)

acacia, 473 [FS]

Académie des Inscriptions, 65 [GS]

Académie des Sciences, 83 [GS]

accelerators,  particle, 167, 169 [PS]

accretion disks (see also circumpolar disks, nebular disks, placental cloud), 265, 266, 426, 428, 469-471, 477-479 [GS]

Achaeans, 28 [GS]

Achala, 231 [FS]

Achenbach, Joel, 249, 250 [PS]

Acheson, Amy, 241 [PS], 440 [FS]

Achilles, 16 [GS]

Achomawi, 208, 389 [FS]

acid rain, 201 [PS]

Ackerman, Andrew, 9, 272 [PS]

Acropolis (Athenian), 3, 8, 10 [GS]

actinic radiation (see ultraviolet radiation) [PS]

Acts (of the Apostles), 205 [GS]

Acts of Thomas, 137 [FS]

Adam, 448 [GS]

adamant, 434 [FS]

Adelaide, 404 [FS]

Adenosine triphosphate, 15 [PS]

Adhémar, Joseph Alphonse, 14, 16 [FS]

Aditya, 169 [GS]

Adoil (Idoil), 283, 284 [GS]

Adoil, Idoil, 299, 305, 309 [FS]

Adon, 448 [GS]

Adonai, 119, 135 [FS], 448 [GS]

Adovasio, James, 204 [FS]

Adriatic Sea & seaboard, 239, 442 [FS]

Aegean Sea, 442 [FS]

AEON, 73, 346, 462 [GS], 98 [PS]

Aeschylus, 5, 8 [GS]

Æsir, 272, 457 [GS]

Afghanis, 151 [GS]

Afghanistan, 94 [FS]

Africa, Africans (see also South Africa), 14, 28, 38, 173-176, 200, 240, 252, 280, 371, 374, 443, 492 [GS], 67, 142, 147, 173-174, 180, 248, 253, 306 [PS], 8, 10, 11, 19, 72-73, 179, 182, 196, 206, 208, 220, 222, 241, 275, 308, 365, 391, 408, 417, 438, 440, 444, 451-452, 454, 482-484 [FS]

Agamemnon, 16 [GS]

Agassiz, Louis, 101 [GS], 2-3, 8, 75 [FS], 262, 263 [PS]

Ager, Derek V., 444, 463, 467-468 [FS], 33, 35, 38 [PS]

Agogino, George, 446 [FS]

agriculture, 129, 131 [PS], 193, 195, 489 [FS]

Ahaz, 118 [FS]

Ahi-Yami, 123 [FS]

Ahnighito meteorite, 442 [FS]

Ahrens, Thomas, 198 [PS]

Ahura Mazda, 145 [FS]

Aikin, A. C., 371 [FS]

Ainu, 421 [FS]

Aion, 307, 308, 312, 449 [GS]

Aiyegbusi, Omotayo (illustration by), 281 [GS]

Aja Ekapad (see Ekapada) [GS], 236 [FS]

Akebur, 269 [GS]

Akersten, William, 67 [PS]

Akhnaton, 212 [GS]

Akilia Island, 19 [PS]

Akkad, Akkadian, 113, 138 [FS], 115 [GS]

Alabama Geological Survey, 74 [FS]

Alaska, 185-186, 237, 251-253, 255-257, 264, 286, 311 [PS], 201, 276, 354, 368 [GS], 6, 52, 78, 80-82, 182, 189, 205, 381, 410, 444, 445 [FS]

Alaska, University of, 252 [PS]

Alatri, 442 [GS]

Alberta, 407 [GS], 431, 457 [FS], 47, 56, 60-61, 218, 222 [PS]

Alberta, Provincial Museum of, 61 [PS]

Albertosaurus, 117, 119 [PS]

Al-Biruni, 151, 196, 204 [GS]

Albright, William Foxwell, 31, 129, 212-213, 225 [GS], 119, 122 [FS]

alchemy, 97, 137 [GS]

alder, 265 [PS], 364 [GS]

Aleutian Islands, 264 [PS]

Alexander (the Great), 21, 119 [GS], 212 [FS]

Alexander Polyhistor, 476, 480 [FS]

Alexander, A. F. O’D, 124, 129 [GS]

Alexander, R. McNeill (see under McNeill)

Alexandria, 298, 400 [FS], 62 [PS], 96, 97, 102, 104, 137, 222, 446 [GS]

Alexandria, library of, 96 [GS]

Alfvén, Hannes, 272-273, 276-277, 285, 287, 295, 328-329, 335-336, 364, 372, 375, 490 [FS], 424, 426, 472, 474, 478, 480, 481, 488-489 [GS], 74, 77-80, 279, 290, 298, 335 [PS]

algae, 13 [FS], 18-20, 208 [PS], 294, 297 [GS]

Algeria, 73, 407, 426 [FS]

Algonkians, 210 [FS]

Algonquins, 276, 277 [GS]

alkaloids, 188 [PS]

Allah, 136 [FS], 225, 274 [GS]

Allan, Derek Scott, 61, 63-75, 78, 80, 81, 84, 87, 337, 342, 409, 417-418, 431, 470 [FS], 65, 262, 265 [PS]

Allan, J. A., 181 [PS]

Allan, Tony, 98, 401-403 [FS]

Allegheny Observatory, 332 [GS]

Allègre, Claude, 269 [PS]

Allen, D. A., 155 [GS]

Allen, Lynne, 436 [FS]

Allen, Philip, 13 [FS]

Alley, Richard, 387, 489 [FS]

alligators, 101, 237 [PS], 158 [FS], 365, 366, 372 [GS]

Allosaurus, 102, 107 [PS]

Almagest (Syntaxis), 96 ff., 115 [GS]

Alpert, Mark, 268, 270, 272 [PS]

Alphard, 56 [GS]

Alphonsus (lunar crater), 246 [PS]

Alps, 142, 200, 262 [PS], 2, 17, 30, 66, 417-418 [FS]

Alroy, John, 466 [FS]

Altai mountains, 418 [FS]

Altamira Cave, 184-185, 189, 201 [FS]

altruism, 177, 253 [FS]

Altshuler, Douglas, 23-24 [PS]

aluminum-26, 342-343 [FS]

Alvarez, Luis, 195-198, 215, 220, 223, 228, 230, 231 [PS], 74, 75 [GS]

Alvarez, Walter, 195-198, 205, 212, 218, 220, 228, 231 [PS]

Álvaro Obregón, 205 [PS]

Alyattes, 106 [GS]

AM Herculis, 333 [FS]

’Amân (’Amin ), 208 [GS]

Amargasaurus, 350 [PS]

Amarnath (Himalayan Peak), 245 [FS]

Amazon, 339, 365 [GS]

Ambarzumian, Viktor, 472 [GS]

amber, 182 [FS]

Amen (see Amon) [GS]

Amentet, 237 [FS], 443 [GS]

America, Americas (see also United States, North America, Central America & South America), 52, 81, 190, 265 [FS], 90, 241, 315, 384, 435 [GS], 129, 142 [PS]

American Geophysical Union, 225 [PS]

American Indians (see also Amerinds), 196, 276 ff. [GS]

American Institute of Physics, 350 [FS]

American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 177 [FS]

American Midwest, 6 [FS]

American Museum of Natural History, 103, 183 [PS], 442 [FS]

American Ultramar Ltd., 61 [PS]

Amerinds & paleoamerinds (see also under individual tribal names), 67-68, 98, 139, 151, 186, 190, 208, 371, 389, 421 ff., 437, 449, 450, 454, 456, 458-459, 460-461, 472 [FS]

Ames Research Center, 159, 190 [GS], 9 [PS]

Amidon, 47 [PS]

’Amin (see ’Amân)

amino acid(s), 17, 200, 343, 349 [PS]

Amma, 272, 280, 457 [GS], 275, 278 [FS]

Amma’s Pillar, 276 [FS]

Ammi (see Hammu)

Ammizaduqa, 207 [GS]

Ammizaduqa, Tablets of (see Ninsianna Tablets)

ammonia, 15, 17, 269, 343 [PS]

ammonites, 180, 181, 182, 209 [PS]

’Amnon, 210 [GS]

Amon (Amen, Amun), 78, 80 [GS]

Amon-Ra, Ammon-Ra (Amen-Ra), 231, 267, 320 [GS]

Amorite Dynasty, 207 [GS]

Amorites, 122 [FS]

Amos (Book of), 206 ff. [GS]

Amos, 205 ff. [GS]

amphibians, 211 [PS], 34 [FS]

Amsterdam Island, 358 [FS]

Amun (see Amon)

An, Anu (see also Anu), 128, 167-168, 224-225, 229 [GS], 64-65, 125, 142, 302 [FS]

Anahid (see Anahita)

Anahita (Anahid, Anaitis), 31, 33, 35 [GS]

Anaitis (see Anahita)

Anak Krakatau, 418 [FS]

Anat (see Anath)

Anath (Anat), 30, 31, 33, 34, 35, 37 [GS]

Anaxagoras, 102, 105, 113 [GS], 109 [FS], 343 [PS]

Anchorage, 410 [FS]

Anders, Edward, 200 [PS], 429-430, 432 [FS]

Anderson, Don, 397-398, 399, 401, 403 [GS]

Anderson, I., 321 [PS]

Anderson, John, 398-399 [FS]

Andes, 3, 25, 30, 68, 407, 426-427 [FS], 314-315, 316 [PS], 338 [GS]

Andrews, Jean, 399-401 [GS]

Anequin, Guy, 88 [GS]

angels, 244 [FS], 434 [GS]

Anglo-Australian telescope, 355 [PS]

angular momentum, 3 [PS], 374 [FS]

Angus, J. C., 430 [FS]

Annals of Cuauhtitlan, 64 [PS]

Annu (see Heliopolis)

annular rings (see tree rings)

anpetu-wi, 139 [FS]

Ant Nebula, 331 [PS]

Antarctic Earth Sciences, International Symposium of, 254 [PS]

Antarctic Ocean, 317 [PS]

Antarctic, Antarctica, 19, 26, 180, 254-255, 257-258, 262, 280, 295, 306, 307, 316-318, 318, 319-322, 324-325, 325-326, 337, 343 [PS], 255, 293, 294, 354, 368-369, 371-372, 374-380 [GS], 3, 5, 8, 10, 19, 23, 24, 25, 28-30, 33, 34, 47, 73-74, 405-406, 409, 430, 489 [FS]

antelopes, 168, 444 [FS]

Antevs, E., 162 [FS]

anthracite (see coal)

Anthropozoic (see Quarternary period)

Anticosti Island, 208 [PS]

antigravity, 149 [PS]

antimony, 286 [GS]

Anu (see also An), 128, 167-168, 225, 229 [GS]

Apache, 432 [GS]

Apai, Dániel, 492 [FS]

apatite, 184 [PS]

Apatosaurus, 92 [PS]

apes, 349 [PS]

Aphaca, 81 [GS]

Aphrodite (Aphrodit), 33, 47, 52, 54, 56, 76, 78, 80 [GS], 105 [FS]

Apocalypse of Adam, The, 63 [PS]

Apollo asteroids, 197 [PS]

Apollodorus, 26 [GS]

Apollonius of Myndus, 112 [FS], 115 [GS]

Apollonius Rhodius, 28 [GS]

Applied Physics Laboratory, Laurel, Maryland, 339 [FS]

Apsu (Abzu, Zuab), 266-267, 269, 449 [GS], 219-220, 302 [FS]

Apuleius, 149 [GS]

Aquilo (see Boreas) [GS]

Aquinas, Thomas, 295 [FS]

Arabia, Arabs, 96, 225, 447 [GS], 235 [FS]

Arad, 135 [FS]

Aradi, Zsolt, 292-293, 295, 297 [FS]

Aramaeans, 125 [GS]

Aramaic, 123 [FS]

Aranda, 151 [FS], 280 [GS]

Archaea, 286 [GS]

Archaean era, 295 [GS]

Archaeopteryx, 94, 95, 95, 97-98, 101, 106, 108, 117 [PS]

Archibald, J. David, 158, 164 [FS], J. David, 92, 101, 179, 186, 189-192, 194, 255-258 [PS]

Archimedes, 100, 101 [GS]

archosaur  rhodopsins, 255 [PS]

archosaurs, 158-159 [FS]

Arctic (Arctic Circle, Polar Circle), 11, 34, 51-52, 55, 76-82, 83, 84-88, 164-165, 168, 170-171, 178-180, 204-206, 258, 387-389, 398, 406, 410, 444, 448, 453, 486, 488, 505, 506, 511 [FS], 293, 354, 361-369, 371-372, 374, 375, 377, 380, 383-386, 391, 394, 398, 400, 404, 422, 458, 466, 491, 492-493 [GS], 9, 19, 188, 251-253, 255-256, 258, 263-266, 295, 306, 316, 322, 323, 341 [PS]

Arctic muck, 255-256 [GS], 78 [FS]

Arctic Ocean (Arctic Sea), 13, 78, 85, 86, 87, 168, 205, 393, 410 [FS], 239, 255, 272-273, 354, 391, 466 [GS], 251, 266 [PS]

Arend-Roland,  Comet, 155 [PS]

Arensburg, Baruch, 174 [FS]

Areopagus, 8 [GS]

Ares (Aris), 52, 53, 56 [GS]

Argentina, 3, 8, 162, 445 [FS], 96, 119, 170, 186 [PS]

Argentinosaurus, 118, 170 [PS]

Argives, 128 [FS]

Argo (constellation), 56 [GS]

argon dating, 203 [PS]

argon, 361 [FS]

Aris (see Ares)

Aristarchus of Samos, 100, 101 [GS], 109, 110-111 [FS]

Aristophanes, 275 [GS]

Aristotle, 147, 148 [PS], 8, 54, 55, 55-56, 61, 99, 105 [GS]

Arizona, 275, 430 [FS], 357, 375 [GS], 57 [PS]

Arizona, University of, 159, 203 [PS]

ark (Noah’s), 26 [GS]

ark (of the Covenant), 206 [GS], 108 [FS]

Arka, 131 [GS]

Arkaja, 131 [GS]

Arkanandana, 131 [GS]

Arka-putra, 131 [GS]

Arkatanayah, 131 [GS]

Arki, 131 [GS]

armadillo, 131, 131 [PS]

armadillo, giant, 202 [FS]

Armenia, Armenians, 241, 472 [GS], 94 [FS]

Armstrong, Neil, 147 [PS]

Army Weather School, Chanute Field, 285 [FS]

Arnaboldi, Magda, 76 [PS]

Arp, Halton, 146, 252, 280-281 [FS], 250, 424, 425, 427, 428, 472, 474-477, 483, 485, 487-488 [GS], 5-6, 357 [PS]

Arp-229, 316 [FS]

Arrhenius, Gustaf, 276, 328-329, 375 [FS], 279 [PS]

Arrhenius, Svante, 343 [PS]

arsenic, 286 [GS]

Arsuaga, Juan Luis, 171 [FS]

Art of Memory, The, 96 [FS]

art, Neolithic (see Neolithic art)

art, Paleolithic (see paleoart)

Artemis, 78 [GS], 92 [FS]

arthritis, 150 [PS]

Arthritis, and osteoarthritis, 176-177, 183 [FS]

arthtropods, 133 [PS]

Arthur, King, 287 [PS]

Aryabhatta, 95 [GS]

Aryans, 237 [FS], 35, 236 [GS]

Asaro, Frank, 196 [PS]

Ashton, Roger, 151, 239, 268, 270, 297-298, 300, 303, 349, 413-414, 423, 440, 451 [GS], 160, 223, 235 [FS], Roger, 22-23, 25 [PS]

Ashurbanipal, 113 [FS]

Asia Minor, 17, 78 [GS]

Asia, Asians (see also under Far East), 3, 56, 80. 116, 178-179, 189-190, 196, 391, 402, 450, 452, 462 [FS], 37, 38, 374, 383, 384, 443 [GS], 47, 192, 253, 264, 306 [PS]

Asimov, Isaac, 138-139 [PS], 295, 375 [FS]

asphalt (see naphtha)

asphalt lakes, 56, 65 [PS]

Associated Press, 108 [PS]

Assurnasirpal, 210 [GS]

Assyria, Assyrians, 113, 240, 303 [FS], 80, 213 [GS]

Assyro-Babylonians (see also Babylonians), 64, 106, 113, 125, 137 [FS], 109, 124, 165, 178, 252, 448 [GS]

Astarte, 78, 210 [GS]

Aster, 192 [GS], 297 [FS]

asteroid belt, 181, 327 [GS]

asteroids, 415, 476 [GS], 4-5, 56, 151, 195-199, 201-203, 205, 208, 212, 214, 217-219, 222-226, 228, 230, 231, 239, 244, 251, 271, 276, 280, 339, 344 [PS]

asteroids, asteroid belt & asteroidal impacts, 34-36, 37, 40, 47, 48, 52, 73-74, 319, 321-322, 326-329, 332, 363, 429-431, 436, 438, 462, 465, 470-471 [FS]

Astour, Michael, 33, 210 [GS]

astral ejections (see also planetary ejections, galactic ejections), 472-476, 480, 485 [GS]

astrologers, astrology, 97, 108, 122-123, 130, 137, 138, 147, 243 [GS]

astronomical diaries, Babylonian (see Babylonian astronomical diaries)

astronomical theory of ice ages (see Milankovitch Theory)

astronomy (Babylonian), 103, 114-119 [GS], 112 [FS]

astronomy (Chinese), 92-95, 237 [GS]

astronomy (Greek), 99 ff. [GS], 109, 112 [FS]

astronomy (Hindu), 95-96 [GS]

astronomy (Mesoamerican), 83 ff. [GS]

astronomy (Ptolemaic), 96-99 [GS]

Astronomy, 327, 468 [GS]

Asura(s), 31, 61 [GS]

Aswan, 101 [GS]

Ataksak, 172, 178, 252, 264, 279 [GS], 308, 312, 370 [FS]

Atea, 312 [FS]

Athabasca region, River, and Valley, 392 [FS], 61 [PS]

Atharva Veda, 310, 311 [GS]

Athena Parthenos, 47 [GS]

Athena, 3, 26, 27, 28, 81, 407, 408 [GS], 92, 96 [FS]

Athens, Athenians, 3, 4, 8, 10 [GS], 92 [FS]

Atkinson, Dick, 376 [FS]

Atlantic Ocean, 24-25, 80, 400, 408, 445, 478, 483, 486 [FS], 59, 197, 205, 248 [PS], 38, 40, 153, 371, 466 [GS]

Atlantis, 47 [FS]

Atlas, 437 [GS]

atmosphere (brown dwarf), 491 [FS]

atmosphere (lunar), 43 [FS]

atmosphere (Saturn’s), 498, 498-499, 499 [FS]

atmosphere (solar), 77 [PS]

atmosphere (terrestrial), 12, 25, 31, 35, 36, 40-43, 45-46, 55, 76, 148, 156, 331, 340, 361, 364, 365, 366, 371, 374, 381-385, 429, 434, 440, 464, 473, 480, 484, 486-487, 500, 508-509 [FS], 15, 17-20, 26, 31, 49, 55, 59-60, 63, 69, 74, 111, 113-114, 133, 172, 189-193, 197, 201, 220, 227, 229-234, 266, 269-270, 280, 282-283, 289, 291, 296, 299, 304-305, 307, 309, 314, 338, 340 [PS]

atmospheres, planetary (see also ionospheres), 12-14, 31, 54-55, 270-271, 273, 282, 284, 323, 327, 346 [PS]

atom bombs (see also under nuclear), 236 [PS]

atomic bomb, 473 [FS]

Atomic Energy of France (French atomic Energy Commission), 51, 166 [PS]

atomic fission (see nuclear reaction) [FS]

atomic theory, 112 [GS]

ATP (see Adenosine triphosphate)

Atum (Tem, Temu), 141, 142, 142, 144-145, 165, 168, 192, 193, 193, 195, 214, 215, 216, 230, 231, 274, 276, 311, 433, 435, 438, 443, 451 [GS], 143, 144, 304 [FS]

Atum-Ra, 270, 418, 423 [GS]

Au (see Yahweh)

Aublysodon, 117 [PS]

Augustine, 240 [FS]

Augustine, St. (see Aurelius Augustinus)

Augustsson, Tommy, 17 [PS]

Aurelius Augustinus, 206 [GS]

Aurignacian culture, 196, 200, 206 [FS]

Aurnou, Jonathan, 466 [GS]

auroch, 205 [FS]

auroras (aurorae) & auroral ovals (terrestrial including other designations of), 54, 223, 373 [FS], 293, 295-296, 297, 299-300, 303, 304-307, 308, 309, 322, 338-339 [PS]

auroras (planetary), 14, 323 [PS]

auroras (terrestrial), 14, 77, 79, 169, 284, 285, 285-291, 293, 295, 295-296, 305, 306, 309 [PS]

auroras, 464 [GS]

auroras, super (see super-aurorae)

Australia, 280 [GS], 59, 129, 145, 208, 210, 241, 254, 313, 320 [PS], 8, 10, 11, 13, 19, 73, 151, 182, 199, 265, 358, 399, 401 ff., 445-446 [FS]

Australian Aborigines (see Aborigines)

Australian National University, 13 [PS]

Australoids, 402 [FS]

Australopithecus, 134 [PS]

Austria, 17 [GS], 200 [PS], 3 [FS]

Aveni, Anthony, 59, 87 [GS]

Awona-Wilona (Awonawilona), 308 [FS], 276 [GS]

Axel Heiberg Island, 363, 365, 366, 375 [GS]

Axial Volcano, 287 [GS]

axis mundi (named and/or implied, under various designations), 235, 245, 258, 266, 304, 324 [PS], 227, 236 ff., 248, 252, 255, 257, 264, 268-269, 271, 276, 279-280, 283, 285, 287-289, 306-307, 370, 434, 492, 498, 499, 509-511 [FS], 429-459, 461-466, 480-481, 484-488, 490-492 [GS]

Aylward, Alan, 14 [PS]

Ayvu Rapyta, 151 [FS]

azdarchids, 113 [PS]

Azoic, 369 [GS]

Aztecs, 151, 156 [FS], 87 ff., 317, 318, 421, 435 [GS]

Aztex, 321-322, 330 [FS]

 

B

 

Ba’al (Baal) Hamon, 225, 432 [GS], 123 [FS]

Ba’al Zebub (Beelzebub, Beelzebul), 347 [FS]

Ba’al zephon, 347 [FS]

Ba’al (Baal), 31, 205, 225, 447 [GS], 303, 348, 348 [FS], 63 [PS]

Baade, W., 484 [GS]

Baal-Peor, 240 [FS]

Babbar, 113 [FS], 129 [GS]

Bab-el (see Babylon)

Babylon (Bab-el, Ka-ra), Babylonia, Babylonians (see also Assyro-Babylonians, Neo-Babylonians), 99, 109, 112, 125, 133, 144, 212, 220, 240, 290, 301, 472, 481 [FS], 62, 78, 96, 103, 106, 107, 113 ff., 116 ff., 120-121, 122, 125, 127, 138, 141, 148, 198, 207 229, 266, 432 [GS], 63 [PS]

Babylonian astronomical diaries, 112 [FS], 118 ff., 119 [GS]

Babylonian Creation Epic (see Enuma Elish)

Babylonian exile, 117 [FS], 207 [GS]

Bacchanalian festivals, 127 [FS]

Bacchi, 128 [FS]

Bacchus, 127-128, 130 [FS]

Bacchus, priest of, 131 [FS]

bacteria, 19-20, 25, 52, 60, 114, 184-185, 208 [PS], 286, 287, 289, 291 [GS], 485-486, 508 [FS]

Baffin Bay, 53, 55, 84 [FS]

Baffin Island, 2, 52, 53, 84, 410 [FS], 251, 341 [PS]

Bagby, John, 180-181, 183 [GS]

bagpipes (primitive), 172 [FS]

Bahadur, K., 15 [PS]

Bahariya Oasis, 119, 170 [PS]

Bahcall, John, 248-249 [GS]

Bahram I, 301 [FS]

Bailey, Lloyd R., 132 [FS]

Bailey, Mark, 37 [FS]

Baines, Kevin, 499 [FS]

Baker (Florida), 240 [PS]

Baker, Francis, 109 [GS]

Bakker, Robert, 90-91, 94, 113, 117, 122 [PS]

Baldwin, Neil, 436 [GS]

Baliunas, Sallie, 45 [FS]

Balkans, 61 [PS], 96 [FS]

ball lightning, 284 [FS]

Ballard, Robert, 287 [GS], 394 [FS]

Balor, 149 [GS]

Baltensperger, W., 34, 52, 388 [FS]

Baltic, 182, 206, 442 [FS], 466 [GS]

Baltimore, 466 [GS]

Bambala, 201 [GS]

BaMbuti (see Pygmies) [FS]

Banks Island, 80, 84 [FS]

Bantu, 220, 307-308 [FS]

Baptistina asteroids, 223 [PS]

Barbados, 24, 398 [FS], 267 [PS], 38 [GS]

Barbiero, Flavio, 266 [PS], 47, 73, 205 [FS]

bards and orators, 94, 96, 97, 103 [FS], 14, 18, 20 [GS]

Barents Sea, 486 [FS]

Barghoorn, Elso, 371, 374, 376 [GS], 87, 164 [FS]

barley, 118, 354 [GS]

Barnes, Thomas G., 349, 351, 353-354, 359-360 [FS]

Barnett, Lincoln, 122 [PS], 287-288 [GS]

Barnstone, Willis, 300 [FS]

Barosaurus, 120-121 [PS]

Barro Colorado Island, 23 [PS]

Barron, Eric, 372 [GS]

Barrow, Alaska, 286 [PS]

barrows, 239 [FS]

Bartusiak, Marcia, 156-157 [PS], 250 [GS]

Bary, Jeff, 3 [PS]

Bar-Yosef, O., 196 [FS]

basalt, 358 [FS], 59, 60, 190 ff., 202 [PS]

Basilides, 223 [FS]

Basinger, James, 364-365, 379 [GS]

Basri, Gibor, 477 [GS], 80-81, 270 [PS]

Bass, Robert W., 181, 182, 183, 184 [GS], 320-321 [FS], 165, 346 [PS]

Bastar, 275 [GS]

Bathurst Island, 458 [GS]

batons, 183-184, 185, 186 [FS]

bats, 289, 290 [GS], 67 [PS]

Battak, 420 [FS]

Batusi (see Watusi) [PS]

Bau, 128 [GS]

Baudissin, 266 [GS]

Baume-Moula-Guercy Cave, 175 [FS]

Bavaria, 355 [FS]

Bay of Fundy, 211 [PS]

Bayle, Pierre, 45 [GS]

Beacon Hill Park, 71 [FS]

Bear & Co., Inc., 64 [FS]

bear, cave, 171, 176, 186, 188, 476 [FS], 131, 134 [PS]

bears, 493 [GS], 77, 168-169, 176, 183, 188-189, 205, 444, 479 [FS]

bears, short-faced, 265 [PS], 169 [FS]

beavers, 77, 168, 205 [FS]

Beck, R., 138 [GS]

Becker, Luann, 210, 219 [PS]

Bedout High, 210 [PS]

Bedrock of Myth, 414 [GS]

beech, 319-321 [PS], 473 [FS]

Beelzebub, Beelzebul, (see Ba’al Zebub)

Beeman, Arthur (illustration by), 141 [FS]

Beersheba, 134 [FS]

bees, 20, 22, 115, 116 [PS]

beetles, 265 [PS]

Béghain, Patrice, 185 [FS]

Begley, Sharon, 20 [GS], 202 [FS], 73 [PS]

Beisan, 123 [FS]

Bekenstein, Jacob, 157 [PS]

Bel, 149 [GS], 303, 347, 472 [FS]

Béland, P., 195 [PS]

Belgium, 479 [FS]

Beli, 149 [GS]

Belial, 347 [FS]

Beliar, 347 [FS]

Belize, 205 [PS]

Bell, Barbara, 29 [FS], 371 [GS]

Bella Coola Indians, 99 [FS]

Bellamy, Hans Schindler, 396 [FS]

Beloussov, Vladimir, 143 [PS]

Beltane, 353, 353 [GS]

Belus, 472, 481 [FS]

ben Nachman, Rabbi Moshe, 295 [FS]

Benares, 243 [FS]

Benedetti, Robin, 431 [FS]

Benin (see Dahomey)

Bentley, Charles, 324 [PS]

Benton, Michael, 176 [PS], 464 [FS]

Benz, Arnold, 334 [FS]

Benz, Willie, 280 [PS]

Bergmann, E., 127 [GS], E., 302 [FS]

Bering Sea, 442 [FS], 67, 81, 186, 189-190, 420 [FS]

Bering Straits (and land bridge), 38, 276, 368 [GS], 264-265 [PS]

Beringia, 169, 190, 205 [FS], 264-265 [PS]

Berkeley University, 174 [FS]

Berlin, 414 [FS]

Berman, Bob, 257, 474 [FS], Bob, 27, 29, 31 [PS]

Bernal, Martin, 13, 23 [GS], 91, 92, 302 [FS]

Berner, Robert, 114 [PS], 347-348 [GS]

Bernhardi, Reinhard, 2 [FS]

Bernifal, 450, 451 [FS]

Bernstein, Burton, 124 [FS]

Bernstein, Gary, 436 [FS]

Berossus, 125, 212, 290, 472, 476, 480-481 [FS], 213, 267 [GS]

Berra, Tim, 218 [PS]

Berry, Edward, 375 [GS]

beryllium, 296 [FS]

Bet Sulman (see Beth Shulman) [GS]

Bet(h) Ninib, 212-213 [GS]

Beta Pictoris, 327 [GS], 338 [PS]

Betelgeuse, 56, 300 [GS]

Beth Alpha Synagogue, 148 [GS]

Beth Ninurta, 212-213 [GS]

Beth Shulman (see also Jerusalem), 209, 212-213 [GS]

Beth-aven, 209 [GS]

Beth-eden, 209 [GS]

Bethel, 134 [FS]

Beth-El, 209 [GS]

Beth-haran, 209 [GS]

Beth-horon, 209 [GS]

Bethlehem, 209 [GS]

Beth-peor, 209 [GS]

Beth-shan, 209 [GS]

Bethshemesh, 209 [GS]

Bethuel, 120 [FS], 224 [GS]

Bethune, Brian, 190 [FS]

bezoar, 434 [FS]

Bhagavata Purana, 233, 236, 446 [GS]

Biarritz, 409 [FS]

Bibi Deba, 175, 200 [GS]

Bibi Tiba Abutsiua’ani, 175, 200 [GS]

Bible (see also Old Test-ament & New Testament), 119, 134, 292, 296-297, 299, 302, 395, 419 [FS], 68, 78 [GS]

Bifrost, 287, 309 [PS]

Big Bang (theory), 68, 113, 249-251 [GS], 292, 295-297, 308 [FS], 77, 146, 159-160, 168 [PS]

Big Bend National Park, 112-113 [PS]

Big Dipper, 231, 232 [GS]

Bikini Atoll, 236 [PS]

Binder, Alan, 375 [FS]

Binding of the Years, 87, 90 [GS]

Bindschadler, Robert, 324 [PS]

Biot, Jean Baptiste, 83 [GS]

birch, 263 [PS], 364 [GS]

birds, 158, 408, 508 [FS], 20, 22-24, 65, 67-68, 94 ff., 101 ff., 110, 179, 249, 250 [PS]

Birkeland (lunar crater), 291 [PS]

Birkeland current(s), 298, 461, 461-465, 478-479, 481-482, 485, 486, 487-488, 491 [GS], 147-148, 159, 248, 255, 264, 268, 283, 370, 492-493, 498, 499, 510-511 [FS], 235, 245, 258, 291, 292, 324, 332 [PS]

Birkeland, Kristian Olaf, 148, 273 [FS], 74, 76, 289, 290, 290-291, 293, 293, 294, 295-296, 304 [PS]

Bismarck Archipelago, 399 [FS]

bismuth, 286 [GS]

bison (see also buffaloes), 168, 183, 189, 189, 200, 201, 206, 456-457, 458-459, 460-463 [FS], 65, 265 [PS]

Bison-Horn Marias, 395 [FS]

Bit Suulmani (or Shulmanu) (see also Beth Shulman), 208, 212 [GS]

bitumen (see naphtha)

Black God, 87 [GS]

black holes, 281, 490-491 [FS], 426 [GS], 3, 228, 354 [PS]

Black Planet, 81, 87 [GS]

Black Sea, 394, 484 [FS], 466 [GS]

Black Stone, 81-82 [GS]

Black, David, 332-333 [GS]

Blackwell, Bonnie, 171 [FS]

Blanc, Carlo, 174-175 [FS]

blindness, 189 [PS]

Blood Lights (see also under auroras), 287 [PS]

blue jets, 42 [FS]

Bluefish Caves, 168, 169, 206 [FS]

Bluefish River, 168 [FS]

boats & other watercraft, 402-403 [FS]

Bode, Johann Elert, 181, 182 [GS]

Bode’s Law (see Titius-Bode Law)

bogs (see also swamps), 77 [FS]

Bohm, David, 474 [GS]

Bohor, Bruce, 200, 220 [PS]

Boling, Rick, 10 [PS]

Bolivia, 39, 314 [PS], 407, 442, 445 [FS]

Boll, Franz, 135, 137, 139 [GS]

bolus flow(s), 463 [GS]

Bombay, 242 [FS]

Bonanos, Alceste, 354 [PS]

Bondi, Hermann, 140-141 [PS]

Bonestell, Chesley, 265 [GS]

Book of the Dead (Egyptian), 20, 142, 145, 267, 269 [GS] (see also under Pert em Hru)

Boomerang Nebula, 332 [PS]

borax, 434 [FS]

Boreas, 143 [FS], 433, 434, 434, 436, 437, 462 [GS]

Borisov, P., 85 [FS]

Borneo, 280 [GS], 402, 420 [FS]

Borrelly, Comet, 5 [PS]

Boshongo, 220 [FS]

Boslough, John, 147, 150, 163, 165 [PS]

Boslough, Mark, 280 [PS]

Boss, Alan, 149, 225, 256, 494 [FS], 3, 81 [PS], 467 [GS]

Bostick, W., 80 [PS]

Botaccione Gorge, 196 [PS]

Botswana, 482 [FS]

Boy Scouts, 374 , 400 [GS]

brachiopods, 209 [PS]

Brachiosaurus, 117, 120, 122 [PS]

Bradley, Jr., John, 27 [FS]

Brady, Joseph, 217 [PS]

Brahe, Tycho, 101 [GS], 316 [FS]

Brahma Purana, 233 [GS]

Brahma, 131, 132, 145, 196, 216, 232, 233, 284, 309, 439, 446 [GS], 155, 230-231, 232, 233, 238-239, 294, 305, 306, 313, 395 [FS]

Brahmans/Brahmins, 395 [FS]

Brahmanyah, 132, 196 [GS]

Brain, Charles K., 167 [FS]

Braman, Dennis, 431 [FS]

Bratton, Fred, 43, 127, 146 [GS]

Braun, Robert, 72 [PS]

Brazil, 313 [PS], 8, 13, 202-203, 394, 445, 477-479, 481 [FS], 87 [GS]

Brekke, Paal, 162 [FS]

Bretz, Harlan, 393 [FS]

Breuil, Abbé (see Abbé Breuil)

Breviparopus, 120, 170 [PS]

Brewer’s Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, 22 [GS]

Brewster County, 112 [PS]

Briggs, M. H., 15 [PS]

Brihaspati, 61, 409 [GS]

Brinton, Daniel G., 222 [FS], 435 [GS]

Briskin, Madeline, 189 [GS]

Bristol Channel, 399 [FS]

Britain, British Isles, Great Britain (see also England), 6, 56, 81, 84, 85, 179, 399 [FS], 107, 371 [GS]

British Association for the Advancement of Science, 10 [FS], 113, 225 [PS], 392 [GS]

British Astronomical Association, 123-124 [GS]

British Columbia, 151, 276, 338 [GS], 43 [PS], 50, 71, 99 [FS]

British Guiana, 8 [FS]

British Isles, see Britain

British Museum, 117 [PS], 124, 129 [GS]

Brittany, 473 [FS]

Broadfoot, Lyle, 382 [GS]

Brody, Judit, 162 [FS]

Broecker, Walter, 20, 21, 24 [FS]

Bromley, Benjamin, 504 [FS]

Brontosaurus and brontosaurs, 91, 92, 122-123 [PS]

Bronze Age, 92, 355 [FS]

Brooks, C. E. P., 85, 162, 387 [FS], 375 [GS], 320 [PS]

Broom Star(s), 43 [GS]

brown dwarf stars, 148-150, 155-158, 214, 217, 224-226, 249-252, 255, 259-261, 319, 332-338, 372, 473, 487, 491-492, 493, 493-495, 501-502, 502, 510 [FS], 160-161, 290, 293 , 297, 299, 300, 303, 326, 332-337, 341, 343 ff., 361, 387, 404, 427, 465, 467-469, 471, 475-482, 485-486, 488, 490 [GS], 6, 8-10, 12, 18, 19, 22, 25-26, 32, 53, 75, 80-83, 84, 84, 85, 85-86, 169, 234-235, 255, 268-273, 301, 307, 353, 357-358 [PS]

Brown, Bob, 499 [FS]

Brown, Ernest W., 320 [FS], 182 [GS]

Brown, Hugh Achincloss, 393, 394, 395 [GS]

Brown, Mike, 503 [FS]

Brown, Peter, 131 [PS]

Browne, Malcolm, 91 [PS]

Bruce, Charles E. R., 331-332 [FS], 73-75 [PS]

Brückner, Eduard, 16, 17, 49 [FS]

Brugsch, 231 [GS]

Brundage, B. C., 59, 240 [GS]

Bruniquel Cave, 175-176 [FS]

Bruno, Giordano, 113, 324 [GS]

Brush, Alan, 105-106 [PS]

bryozoans, 209 [PS]

Bryson, Bill, 186, 188, 221 [PS]

Bubble Nebula, 329, 329-331 [PS]

Buckland, William, 2-3 [FS], 58 [PS]

Buddha, 301 [FS]

Buddhists, 245 [FS]

Budge, E. A. Wallis, 20, 37, 62, 141, 143, 194, 195, 214, 231, 267, 268, 270, 274, 437 [GS], 304 [FS]

Buenos Aires Museum of Natural Sciences, 117 [PS]

Buenos Aires, 118 [PS]

buffaloes (see also bison), 205, 444, 457, 458-459, 460-461 [FS], 128 [PS]

Buffetaut, Eric, 250 [PS]

bullae, 116, 118 [FS]

bulls, 205 [FS]

Bumba, 220 [FS], 280 [GS]

Bundahish, 33, 231, 409 [GS]

Bureau des Longitudes, 352 [PS]

Burgasser, Adam, 149 [FS], 272 [PS]

Burgess, E., 309 [GS]

burials & burial customs, 174, 177-178, 183-184, 239, 253 [FS]

Burlington (Mass.), 216 [FS]

Burnet, John, 54, 55 [GS]

Burnet, Thomas, 419 [FS]

Burns, Philip, 187 [GS]

Burrows, Adam, 334, 468 [GS]

Burton, Richard Francis, 241 [FS]

Bushmen, 482 [FS]

Bushongo, 201, 280 [GS]

Butler, Elizabeth, 36 [FS]

Butler, Paul, 327 [GS]

butterflies, 20, 22-23, 24, 265 [PS]

Butterfly Nebula, 330 [PS]

Butterworth, E. A. , 217 [GS], 142 [FS]

Byblos, 81 [GS]

Bylot Island, 251 [PS]

Byrd, Admiral, 369 [GS]

Byrd, Antarctic station, 322 [PS]

 

C

 

Caenozoic (see Cenozoic) [FS]

Caesar, Julius, 353 [GS]

Caesarea, 279 [FS], 432 [GS]

Cailleach Bhur, 420-421 [FS]

Cairo, 300 [FS]

calcite deposits, 22-23 [FS]

calcium carbonate, 59 [PS]

calcium phosphate, 184 [PS]

calcium, 25 [PS]

Calder, Nigel, 18, 21, 156, 282 [FS], 198, 209, 230 [PS]

calendar (Celtic), 353 [GS]

calendar (Dogon), 173 [GS]

calendar (Mesoamerican), 24, 37, 59, 83 ff. [GS]

Calendar Stone (see Sun Stone) [GS]

calendars, 193, 195 [FS]

California Institute of Technology, 335 [GS]

California, 368 [GS], 56, 57, 65 ff. [PS], 67, 208, 245, 371, 389, 407, 423, 427, 479 [FS]

California, University of, 216 [PS]

Calixtlahuaca, 436 [GS]

Callao, 214, 407 [FS]

Callisto (satellite), 346 [PS]

Caltech, 411 [GS]

Camargo, Antonio, 203 [PS]

cambium, 376, 377 [GS]

Cambodia, 151 [GS], 244, 248 [FS]

Cambrian & Precambrian period, 16, 46, 59, 132, 188, 207-208, 211, 341 [PS], 7, 9, 36, 161, 432 [FS], 295, 297, 362 [GS]

Cambridge University, 355 [PS]

Cambridge, 73 [GS]

Came, Barry, 287 [GS]

camels, 181, 205, 426, 444, 461 [FS]

camels, 385 [GS], 65 [PS]

Cameron, Al, 280 [PS]

Camp Century, 339 [PS]

Campbell, D. H., 366, 368 [GS]

Campbell, Joseph, 35 [GS]

Canaan, Canaanites, 35, 223, 448 [GS], 123, 129, 132 [FS], 225 [GS]

Canada, 13, 78, 82, 83, 84, 169, 179, 190, 393, 400, 431, 457, 460 [FS], 365, 374 [GS], 43, 195, 211-213, 218, 238, 256-257, 264, 286, 307, 310, 341 [PS]

Canadian archipelago (Canadian Arctic), 80, 82, 84 [FS]

Canby, Thomas, Y., 450-451, 455, 461 [FS]

cancer, 25, 227, 231 [PS]

candle stars, 42 [GS]

cannibalism, 174-175, 212, 253 [FS], 45, 47 [GS]

canoes (see boats) [FS]

Canopus, 56 [GS]

Canterbury, New Zealand, 197 [PS]

Cantrell oil field, 226 [PS]

Canuto, Vittorio, 18 [PS]

Canyon de Chelly, 275 [FS]

Canyon del Muerto, 275 [FS]

Canyon Diablo meteorite, 430-431 [FS]

canyons, 67 [FS]

canyons, submarine (deep-sea trenches), 66 [FS]

Cape Hatteras, 486 [FS]

Cape Horn, 35 [FS]

Cape Mendocino, 65 [PS]

Cape of Good Hope, 280 [GS]

Cape York, 442 [FS]

Capella, Martianus, 100 [GS]

Caravaca, 197 [PS]

carbon, 2, 43, 49-50, 52-54, 59, 63, 69, 200-201, 237, 312 [PS]

carbon & carbonization, 46, 430-433 [FS], 42 ff., 49 [PS]

carbon dioxide, 12, 31, 331, 383, 489 [FS], 13, 17, 60, 193, 270, 338 [PS]

carbon-14, 46, 47 [FS]

carbon monoxide, 50 [PS]

carbon stars, 50-54 [PS]

carbonados, 432 [FS]

Carboniferous period, 16, 46, 114-115, 132-133, 178 [PS], 347, 347-348, 362, 371, 374, 398 [GS], 9, 161, 164 [FS]

carbuncles, 434 [FS]

Carcharodontosaurus saharicus, 119, 121, 121, 170 [PS]

Carey, S. Warren, 142-146, 162, 168, 225 [PS], 392 [GS], 272-273, 365 [FS]

Caribbean, 202, 212 [PS], 398 [FS]

Caribbean islands, 203 [PS]

caribou, 168, 169 [FS]

Carlisle, Davis Brez, 431 [FS]

Carlson, Shawn, 171 [PS]

Carnarvon, 210 [PS]

Carnegie Institution for Science, 354 [PS]

Carnegie-Mellon University (photograph courtesy of), 326 [PS]

Carolina Bays, 35, 442 [FS]

Caroline Islands, 399 [FS]

Carpinteria, 65 [PS]

Carr, Michael, 392 [FS]

Carrano, Matt, 250 [PS]

Carson, Rachel, 288 [GS]

Cartersville, 203 [FS]

Cartier, Michel, 212-213 [FS]

Casa Grande, 81 [GS]

Cascades Volcano Observatory, photograph by, 384 [FS]

Cascades, 67, 421, 422, 422 [FS]

Case Western Reserve University, 490 [FS]

Caspian Sea, 179 [FS], 466 [GS]

Casselman, Anne, 341 [PS]

Cassini spacecraft, 498-499 [FS], 54, 153 [PS]

Cassiopeia A, 72, 75 [PS]

Cassiopeia supernova, 302 [PS]

castration, 279-280 [FS], 47, 50 [GS]

cat, saber-toothed, 169 [FS]

Cataclysm! 64 [FS]

Çatal Hüyuk, 275, 277 [FS]

Cathles, Lawrence, 405-406 [FS]

cathode rays (electrons), 289, 293 [PS]

Catholic Church & faith, 92, 93, 338 [GS]

Catholicism, 151, 295, 307 [FS]

cats (wild), 169 [FS]

Caucasians, 180, 483 [FS]

Caucasians, 25 [PS]

Caudipteryx, 102 [PS]

Cavalli-Sforza, Luigi Luca, 197 [FS]

Cave of the Lighted Town, 288 [GS]

cave painting (see paleoart) [FS]

Cavendish, Henry, 161 [PS]

Cedar Mountain, 109 [PS]

Celebes, 114 [FS]

Celsius, Anders, 288 [PS]

Celts, 351, 353 [GS], 97, 421 [FS]

Cenozoic (Caenozoic) era, 9, 377, 379 [FS], 16, 47, 134 [PS], 362, 386 [GS]

Central America, 224 [PS], 277, 317 [GS], 360 [FS]

centrifugal force, 282-284 [PS]

Cepheus (constellation), 467 [GS]

Ceres (asteroid), 327 [FS]

CERN, 249 [GS]

Ceylon (see Sri Lanka) [FS]

Chabas, 20 [GS]

Chaco Canyon, 275 [FS]

Chaldea, Chaldeans, 109, 115, 118, 120-121, 148 [GS], 112 [FS]

chalk, 179 [PS], 407 [FS]

Cham kingdom, 244 [FS]

Chamberlain, R. T. , 8, 10 [FS]

Chameleon I (star-form-ing region), 81 [PS]

Champa, 244 [FS]

Chandanwari, 245 [FS]

Chandra X-Ray Observatory (image courtesy of), 302 [PS]

Chandra X-ray Observatory, 250, 260 [FS]

Chaney, Ralph,375 [GS]

chang, 107 [GS]

Chang, Kenneth, 369 [FS]

Chanute Field, 285 [FS]

Chaos, 142, 172, 261, 262-263, 267-268, 271, 272-280, 304, 306, 309, 311, 317, 319, 341, 432-433, 457, 490 [GS], 217, 219, 275, 289, 304, 306, 307, 510 [FS]

Chaos, Science of, 180 [GS]

Chapman, Clark, 400 [GS]

Chapman, Sydney, 290 [PS], Sydney, 349 [FS]

charcoal (see also coal), 404, 516-517 [FS], 45 [PS]

chariot(s), 116-117, 127 [FS]

Charles, R. H., 298 [FS]

Charlesworth, J., 260 [PS], J., 444 [FS]

Charon (satellite), 187, 220 [GS], 435 [FS]

Chatelperronian sites & culture, 196, 200 [FS]

Chatterjee, Sankar, 225 [PS]

Chatterton, Brian, 233, 237 [PS]

Chauvet Cave, 185 [FS]

cheetahs, 265 [PS]

Chelan, Lake, 67, 422, 423 [FS]

Chembe, 280 [GS]

chemistry, 137 [GS]

Chemosh, 135 [FS]

Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant disaster, 473, 475, 481 [FS]

Cherokee, 151, 215 [FS]

chert, 163 [FS]

cherubim, 117 [FS]

Chevalier, Roger, 316 [FS]

Cheyne, T. K., 226 [GS]

Chibcha, 277, 284 [GS], 309 [FS]

Chicago, University of, 17, 176, 200 [PS]

Chichen Itza, 436 [GS]

Chicxulub town & crater, 203, 204, 204 ff., 207, 210, 212, 214, 217, 219, 223-226 [PS]

Chilam Balam of Chumayel, 292, 306-307 [FS]

Chile, 226, 407, 445 [FS]

Chiminagua, 284 [GS], 309 [FS]

China Sea, 442 [FS]

China, Chinese, 11, 109, 143, 212-213, 218, 240, 294, 306, 316, 358, 402, 416, 418, 420, 437, 479, 500 [FS], 35, 47, 97-98, 102-104, 106, 108-109, 117, 182, 185, 208, 210, 239 [PS], 35, 42, 92-95, 107, 123, 201, 217, 237, 264, 272, 317, 457 [GS]

Chinese Academy of Sciences, 108 [PS]

Chinese Geology Museum, 97 [PS]

Chinook, 508 [FS]

Chippewa, 208, 210, 389 [FS]

Chiron (minor planet), 187 [GS], 435 [FS]

Chiun, 205, 206-207, 208 [GS]

Chladni, E. F. F., 83 [GS]

chlorine, 239 [PS]

chlorine-36, 361, 500 [FS]

chlorophyll, 18, 32, 46 [PS], 291 [GS]

chloroplasts, 293 [GS]

Cholula, 277 [GS]

Chorlton, Windsor, 313, 317, 319 [PS], 5, 6, 28-29, 167, 171, 193, 207, 409, 505, 507 [FS]

Chown, Marcus, 157 [PS]

Christ (see also Jesus), 235 [FS]

Christian Sybyllines, 448, 457 [GS]

Christiana (see also Os-lo), 289 [PS]

Christianity, Christians, 129, 132, 136, 223, 227, 235, 244, 290, 293, 298-301, 347-348 [FS], 13, 43, 224, 227, 241, 429, 442 [GS]

Christmas tree, 241 [GS]

Christmas, 139 [GS], 235 [FS]

chromium, 200, 205 [PS]

chromosphere, 299 [GS]

Chronology & Catastrophism Workshop, 73, 269 [PS]

Chronos, 209, 231 [FS], 47, 170, 239, 263, 306-307, 309 [GS]

Chuen, 307 [FS]

Chuo University, 250 [FS]

Ciardullo, Robin, 76 [PS]

Cicero, 56, 307 [GS]

Cidenas, 103 [GS]

Cinderella, 22 [GS]

Cinq-Mars, Jacques, 169 [FS]

circadian rhythm, 215-216 [FS]

circumpolar stars, 227, 229-231 [GS]

circumsolar ring, 426 [GS]

circumstellar disk (proto-Saturn’s), 217-226, 248, 255, 280, 304, 438, 491, 510 [FS]

circumstellar disks (general), 224-226, 249-252, 255-256, 260, 491-492, 494-495, 496, 500-501 [FS]

circumstellar disks (including various misnomers, see also accretion disks, nebular disks, placental cloud), 265, 268, 271, 304, 327, 328, 335, 341, 382, 429, 432-433, 436, 438, 457, 471, 477-479, 490 [GS], 1-5, 51, 80-81, 84, 277, 301, 302, 304, 309, 338-339, 352 [PS]

cirques, 314 [PS]

cities, 489 [FS]

citric acid, 15 [PS]

City Dionysia, (see Diony-sia, City) [FS]

civilization, 90-91, 96, 107, 136, 167-168, 200, 209, 325, 489, 505-506 [FS]

Claiborne, Robert, 454, 456, 461, 463 [FS]

clams, 179, 209 [PS], 286 [GS]

Clark Fork River, 75, 392 [FS]

Clark, R. T. R., 222 [FS]

Claussen, Martin, 26 [FS]

clay, 44, 48, 68, 196-197, 200, 209, 220, 230 [PS], 62, 163, 201-202, 381, 407, 431, 478 [FS]

Clayton, Donald, 343 [FS]

Clayton, Geoffrey, 432-433 [FS]

Clemens, William, 218-219, 251 [PS]

Cleveland, 490 [FS]

CLIMAP (see below) [PS]

climate & climatic changes, 14, 19, 22-25, 27-31, 33, 34, 36, 38, 43-44, 46, 48-49, 55, 76, 78, 81, 85, 87-88, 153-154, 160-165, 167, 171, 178-180, 200-205, 207, 258, 351, 360-361, 363, 378, 387-388, 443-444, 453, 460-464, 466, 471, 485-489 [FS]

Climate Long-Range Investigation and Mapping Program (CLI-MAP), 267 [PS]

Climatic Optimum, 85 [FS]

climatology (planetary), 323-324 [PS]

climatology (terrestrial), 9, 46, 59, 189, 193-194, 209, 219, 227, 251-253, 255-256, 261, 265, 267, 269, 271, 273, 279, 280-281, 283, 304-306, 311-312, 314-315, 319-322, 326, 340-341 [PS]

Close, Laird, 268 [PS]

Clottes, Jean, 176 [FS]

Clouded Sulphurs (see Colias philodice)

clouds, noctilucent (see noctilucent clouds)

Clovis culture, 428, 454-456, 461-463 [FS]

club foot, 481 [FS]

Clube, Victor, 21, 38 , 40, 46, 362-364 [FS], 25-26, 50, 190, 257, 263, 279 [PS], 66, 73, 75, 76, 185 [GS]

coal, 164, 485 [FS], 295, 348, 368-369, 374 [GS], 33-34, 41 ff., 48 ff., 51-52, 56, 58, 59, 114, 319 [PS]

coal (artificial), 44, 48 [PS]

coal fires (natural), 47 [PS]

coal mines, 45, 48 [PS]

cobalt, 200 [PS]

cobbles (cobble stones), 68-69 [PS]

Cochran, William, 328 [GS]

Cochrane, Ev, 59, 73, 198, 314, 443 [GS], 90, 106, 107, 113, 228 [FS]

Codex Borgia, 316, 318 [GS]

Codex Mendoza, 87 [GS]

Codex Tro-Cortesianus, 88 [GS]

Codrington, Stephen (photograph by), 412 [FS]

Coe, Michael, 91 [GS]

Coe, Michael, 95-96 [FS]

Coelophysis, 184 [PS]

coelurosaurs, 102 [PS]

Coffin Texts, 25, 193 [GS]

Colbert, Edwin, 370-371 [GS]

Coleman, A. P., 27 [FS]

Colgate, Stirling, 367, 490 [FS]

Colias eurytheme, 22-23, 24 [PS]

Colias philodice, 22-23, 24 [PS]

collagen, 110 [PS]

Collao, 279 [GS]

Collasuyu, 278 [GS]

Collitz, Hermann, 29, 309, 356-357 [GS]

Colombia, 202 [PS], 277, 284 [GS], 309, 445 [FS]

Colorado Plateau, 409 [FS]

Colorado, 275, 457 [FS], 34, 199 [PS]

Colorado, University of, 55 [PS]

Columbia Plateau, 75, 393 [FS]

Columbia University, 20, 466 [FS], 72 [PS]

Columbus, Christopher, 254 [GS]

column, cosmic (see axis mundi) [GS]

Coma cluster, 249-250 [GS], 367 [FS], 76 [PS]

Comet Arend-Roland, 483 [GS]

Comet Morehouse, 282 [FS]

Comet Schwassmann-Wachmann 1, 487 [FS]

Comet Shoemaker-Levy 9, 75, 76, 76, 161, 345, 415, 416, 416-417, 419, 424, 428, 486 [GS]

Comet, Great (of 1861), 38 [FS]

comets (see also under own names) & cometary impacts, 36, 39, 40, 46, 47, 52, 109, 112, 147, 234, 257, 281-283, 285, 322, 325-330, 332-333, 342, 362-364, 429, 431, 435-436, 438, 462, 464-466, 469-471, 487 [FS], 5, 20, 22, 41, 49-50, 56, 61-63, 74, 127, 138, 154, 155, 158, 195-199, 210, 214, 216-218, 228, 239, 276, 293, 298, 326-327, 339-340, 343-344 [PS], 40, 42-43, 67, 75, 108-110, 111, 112, 113, 115, 117, 164, 248, 300, 302, 314, 337, 415, 462, 476, 482-483, 489 [GS]

comets, interstellar, 50, 52, 53 [PS]

comets, mini snow ball, 40-43 [FS]

Commandments, ten, 122, 124 [FS]

Como Bluff, 117 [PS]

compasses, 288 [PS]

Compendium of Wong-shi-Shing, 317 [GS]

Compsognathus longipes, 117 [PS]

Con Ticci Viracocha (see Kon Tiki Viracocha) [GS]

Condon, J. J., 139 [PS]

conflagration, 331 [FS]

Congo, 174-176, 200, 201 [GS], 483 [FS]

conjunctions (planetary), 95, 108 [GS]

Connecticut, 83 [GS]

conquistadors, 40 [GS]

Conrad, Timothy, 3 [FS]

conservation, law of, 146 [PS]

Constant, 245 [FS]

Constantine (the Great), 241 [GS]

constellations (stellar), 104, 142 [FS], 56, 61, 96, 114, 115, 116-117, 231-232, 409 [GS]

constipation, 189 [PS]

continental drift theory & plate tectonics, 10, 12, 48, 72-73, 164, 405-406, 413, 418, 467 [FS], 35-36, 39, 59, 140-145, 190, 192-194, 225, 248, 313, 320-321 [PS], 176, 248, 255, 287, 366, 369, 371-372, 374, 391-393, 397 [GS]

continental shelves, 33 ff. [PS]

continental uplift (see diastrophism) [FS]

Cook, Arthur B., 167, 170, 306, 443-444, 451-452 [GS]

Cook, George, 432 [GS]

Cook, James (Captain), 446 [FS]

Cook, Melvin, 165, 166, 248, 346 [PS], 369 [GS]

Coomaraswamy, Ananda, 142, 238 [FS]

Coon, C. S., 170, 483 [FS]

Cooper, Alan, 443-444, 462 [FS]

Coosa Mountain, 74-75 [FS]

Copeland, Peter F. (illustra­tions by), 285, 388, 389 [GS], 152, 192, 210, 211 [FS]

Copenhagen, 197 [PS]

Copenhagen University, 265 [PS]

Copernicus, Nicolaus, 96, 97, 99, 100, 100, 101, 111 [GS], 109, 110 [FS]

Coplen, Tyler, 22 [FS]

copper, 286 [GS]

Cor Hydra, 56 [GS]

coral & coral reefs, 236, 267 [PS], 24, 398 [FS], 368, 370, 372, 391, 392, 393, 404 [GS]

Corbel, Stephane, 281 [FS]

Cordillera Mountains, 75, 392, 418, 445 [FS]

coriolis effect, 284 [PS]

Corliss, William, 217 [PS]

Cornell University, 266 [GS], 405 [FS]

Cornwallis Island, 82 [FS]

Cortez, Hernando, 240 [FS]

Cortina d’Ampezzo, 321 [FS]

Cos, 47 [GS]

Cosgriff, Jr., John, 34 [FS]

cosmic column (see axis mundi) [GS]

cosmic egg, 293, 294, 294, 296 [FS], 22, 276 [GS]

Cosmic Ice Theory, 396 [FS]

cosmic rays (see also X-rays, gamma rays, radiation), 41, 46, 334, 336, 361, 429, 472, 480, 489 [FS], 226-229, 231-232 [PS]

Cosmic Serpent, The, 75 [GS]

cosmic winter, 385 [FS]

cosmos (see also Universe), 265, 279, 283, 440, 449, 457 [GS]

“Cosmos Without Gravitation,” 166 [PS]

Cosquer Cave, 185 [FS]

coulees, 393 [FS]

Council House of the Gods, Zuñi, 96 [FS]

Courtillot, Vincent, 190 [PS]

coyotes, 65 [PS]

Cozumel Island, 45 [PS]

Crab Nebula, 230, 301, 302 [PS], 249, 260, 288, 316, 317 [FS], 95, 426 [GS]

Crane, African, 360 [GS]

Crater Lake Natural History Association (illustration courtesy of), 424 [FS]

Crater Lake, 423, 425 [FS]

craters, impact (cometary & asteroidal), 151-152, 244 [PS]

craters, impact (lunar), 402 [GS]

craters, impact (Martian), 402-403 [GS]

craters, impact (terrestrial—see also under own name), 77 [GS], 364, 414, 430-431, 440-442, 466-467 [FS], 62, 196 ff., 201 ff., 208, 210-212, 216, 220, 239, 241 [PS]

craters (lunar), 240, 242, 243, 244, 245, 246 [PS], 43 [FS]

craters (on satellites), 346 [PS]

craters (planetary), 323 [PS]

Craters of the Moon National Monument, 379, 380, 381, 381, 382, 383 [FS]

creation (of matter), 146, 168 [PS]

Creation Epic, Babylonian (see Enuma Elish)

Creation Research Society Quarterly, 359 [FS]

Creation, 278, 307 [PS], 66, 68, 151, 167, 172, 178, 204-205, 239, 261-266, 268-269, 272-277, 279-280, 282-284, 286, 304, 306, 311, 317, 341, 390, 429, 432-433, 438-439, 446, 449, 454, 491 [GS], 96, 126, 151, 207-208, 210, 218-220, 222-223, 230, 238, 289-290, 292-293, 295, 297-302, 304-308, 312, 315, 338, 347, 370-371, 388-389, 395-397, 419-420, 425, 436, 472, 481, 511 [FS]

creationists (see also under fundamentalists), 38, 47, 111, 277-278, 344 [PS]

Cretaceous period, 16, 46, 59, 95, 112, 179-180, 186, 188-189, 193-197, 199, 202, 218, 220-222, 224-226, 228, 230, 236, 237, 248, 250-253, 256-258 [PS], 7, 9, 30, 164-165 [FS], 74, 75, 297, 362, 372, 374, 375, 400, 422, 491 [GS]

Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary, 36, 328, 431 [FS], 75 [GS], 178 ff., 207 ff., 212, 218, 220-222, 224, 229-230, 235, 237, 248-249, 257-258, 339 [PS]

Crete, 35 [GS], 96, 358, 415 [FS]

Crew, Eric, 463 [GS], 57-59, 331-332, 364, 366 [FS]

Crew, Eric, 73-75 [PS]

Crimea, 6 [FS]

crinoids, 209 [PS]

Croatia, 441 [GS]

crocodiles, crocodilia, crocodilians, 179, 210-211, 250 [PS], 158 [FS], 365, 366, 372, 375, 400 [GS]

Croll, James, 14, 16 [FS], 33, 48 [PS], 378 [GS]

Cro-Magnons, 171, 176, 180-181, 182, 182-186, 187, 188-190, 191, 193-197, 199-200, 202, 204-205, 209, 258, 265, 267-268, 450, 456, 480, 483 [FS]

Cromarty, 57 [PS]

Crónica del Perú, 214 [FS]

Cronos, Cronus (see Kronos)

Crookes, William, 289 [PS]

Cross, Frank Moore, 127, 129, 132 [FS], 225, 268 [GS]

Croswell, Ken, 157, 371 [FS], 343 ff., 381 [GS], 82, 269 [PS]

Crow (Amerind tribe), 222 [FS]

Crow, James, 228 [PS], 482 [FS]

Cruxent, José, 451, 461 [FS]

Cuba, 203 [PS]

Cuffey, K. H., 82 [FS]

Cuillins, 420-421 [FS]

cuneiform, 99, 106, 112 [FS]

Current Anthropology, 178 [FS]

Currie, Philip, 61, 102, 109, 169, 182 [PS]

Curtis, Heber, 146 [FS]

Cusanus, Nicolaus (see Nicholas of Cusa)

Cuvier, Georges, 178 [PS], 464-465 [FS]

CW Leonis, 50 [PS]

cyanide, 196, 343 [PS]

Cyaxares, 106 [GS]

Cygnus, 56, 467 [GS]

cypress, 364, 365, 368 [GS]

Cyprus, 80 [GS]

Cyr, Donald, 385 [GS]

Czechoslovakia, 358 [FS]

 

D

 

d’Alviella, Eugène Goblet, 127 [FS], 442 [GS]

da Vinci, Leonardo, 425, 427 [FS]

Dachille, Frank, 195 [PS], 467 [FS]

Dactyl (asteroid), 416-417 [GS]

Dahlem Conference (1983, Berlin), 414, 468 [FS]

Dahomey (now Benin), 241 [FS]

Dahood, Mitchell, 122 [FS]

Daily Telegraph, 481 [FS]

Dakotas, 197 [PS]

Dall’s sheep, 168 [FS]

Dalley, Stephanie, 125 [FS]

Dalmatian Coast, 441 [GS]

Daly, R. A., 392 [GS]

Damaras, 240 [GS]

Dan, 134 [FS]

Dana, J. B., 81 [FS]

Danish Space Research Institute, 46 [FS]

Danjon, André (and the Danjon effect), 372-375 [FS]

dark accretion disks, 3 [PS]

dark energy, 257 [FS], 3, 161 [PS]

dark matter, 250-251 [GS], 257 [FS], 3, 76, 156-158 [PS]

Darunah, 236 [GS]

Darwin, Charles, 101 [GS], 22, 94, 175, 176, 178, 348, 349 [PS], 375, 406-407, 426 [FS]

Darwin, George, 375 [FS], 378 [GS]

Das, P. K., 280-281 [FS], 483 [GS]

DasSarma, Shil, 32 [PS]

dates (fruit), 118 [GS]

David (king of Israel), 209, 210 [GS], 108 [FS]

Davis Strait, 55-56 [FS]

Davis, Raymond, 248 [GS]

Dawson, Mary, 384-385 [GS]

day, 112 [FS]

de Beaumont, Elie, 140 [PS]

De Beer, Gavin, 95 [PS]

de Betanzos, Juan, 278 [GS]

de Charpentier, Jean, 2 [FS]

de Cieza de León, Pedro, 214 [FS]

De Cometis, 109 [GS]

de Gamboa, Sarmiento, 278 [GS]

de Geer, Gerard, 49 [FS]

de Grazia, Alfred, 100, 119, 124, 341, 377, 396 [FS], 14, 407 [GS], 73, 75, 142 [PS]

de Landa, Diego, 92 [GS]

de Laubenfels, M. W., 195 [PS], 74, 75 [GS]

de Maillet, Benoît, 321 [GS]

de Ricqlès, Armand, 91 [PS]

de Santillana, Giorgio, 23, 52, 65, 146, 149, 165, 194, 201, 222, 243-244, 307, 320, 454-455 [GS]

de Saussure, Léopold, 243 [GS]

de Terra, Helmut, 417 [FS]

de Torquemada, Juan, 84 [GS]

de Vaux, R., 210 [GS]

de Vernal, Anne, 30 [FS]

de Wilman-Grabowska, H., 237 [FS]

Dead Sea Scrolls, 132, 144, 300 [FS]

Dead Sea, 397 [FS], 56 [PS]

Death (personified), 270 [GS]

death star theory, 215-216 [PS]

Death Valley, 22 [FS]

Deccan Traps, 190, 191, 191-192, 197, 202, 204, 220 [PS]

Decherd, Sara, 250 [PS]

Deep Impact, 5 [PS]

deep, the, mythological (also abyss), 219 ff., 303-304 [FS]

deep-sea cores (see ocean cores)

deep-sea sediments (see also ocean cores), 19, 22-24, 388, 398 [FS]

deep-sea trenches (see canyons, submarine)

deer, 175, 189, 206, 444-445, 479 [FS], 265 [PS], 492 [GS]

deer, big horn, 205 [FS]

Deerfield Beach (Florida), 73 [GS]

Defleur, Alban, 175 [FS]

Deimos (satellite), 402 [GS]

deities, origin of, 509 [FS]

Del Popolo, Antonio, 224 [FS], 412, 420 [GS]

Delair, J. Bernard, 61, 63-75, 78, 80, 81, 84, 337, 342, 399, 409, 417-418, 431, 470 [FS], 380, 381 [GS], 65, 262, 265 [PS]

Delaware, University of, 80 [PS]

Deloria, Jr., Vine, 389 [FS], 68-69 [PS]

Delos, 445, 446 [GS]

Delphi, 81 [GS]

Delsemme, Armand, 346 [GS]

Deltadromeus, 121 [PS]

Deluge (see also under “flood”), 26, 35, 200, 278, 321 [GS]

Deluge (Biblical), 48, 275-276, 278-279 [PS], 53-55, 315, 342, 389, 394, 395-396, 404 [FS]

Deluge (extra-Biblical), 105, 397 [FS]

Demeter, 5 [GS]

Demetrius Phalereus, 222 [GS]

Democritus, 109 [FS], 112-113, 115 [GS]

dendrochronology, 340 [FS]

Deneb, 56 [GS]

Denmark, 17 [GS], 197, 199, 200 [PS], 3, 473 [FS]

density, 140-142, 146-147, 161 [PS]

Derdekeas, 301 [FS]

Dermot, S. F., 320 [FS]

des Marais, David, 32 [PS]

Desert Research Institute, 294 [GS]

deserts (for specific deserts see under own name), 181 [FS], 36, 56, 306 [PS]

Desmond, Adrian, 91, 111, 181, 186 [PS]

Dessler, Alex, 291 [PS]

Detroit, 453 [FS]

Deucalion & flood of, 476-477 [FS]

deuterium, 334 [FS]

Devas, 61, 131, 196 [GS], 235, 348 [FS]

Devaux, Marie-Josèphe (illustrations by), 106, 134, 348 [FS], 30, 212 [GS]

devel, 348 [FS]

devil, 345, 348 [FS]

Devils Hole, 22-24 [FS]

Devon Island, 82 [FS]

Devonian period, 16, 46, 133, 207-208 [PS], 297, 362, 374, 398 [GS], 9, 87, 161 [FS]

Devonshire, 479 [FS]

Dhruva, 232, 238, 289 [FS]

Dhruva, 232-233, 236, 246, 310, 434, 440, 451 [GS]

Dhruva-akshara, 236, 451 [GS]

Dhumaketu, 234 [FS]

diamond pipes, 433 [FS]

Diamond, Jared, 169-171, 176-179, 196-197, 402, 455, 456, 461-462 [FS]

diamonds, 430 ff. [FS], 49, 201, 341 [PS]

Diana of Ephesus (see Artemis)

Diana, 44, 78, 167 [GS]

Dianus, 167 [GS]

Diastrophism & continental uplift, 30-31, 65 ff., 70, 72, 202, 204, 406, 409, 413-414, 415, 416, 416 ff., 419 ff., 443, 507 [FS]

diastrophism & tectonic forces, 33, 36, 41, 56, 140-143, 173, 249, 262-263, 321 [PS]

Diatryma, 95, 96 [PS]

DiChristina,  Mariette, 121 [PS]

Dicke, Robert, 162 [PS]

Dickens, Gerard, 486 [FS]

Dicks, D. R., 106 [GS]

Diespiter (see Jupiter)

Dieterlen, Germaine, 173 [GS]

Dietz, Robert, 245 [PS]

diffusion (of myths), 35 ff., 153, 247 [GS]

diffusion, 99 [FS]

dimgal, 449 [GS]

Dimont, Max I., 118 [FS]

Dingli, R. C. (illustration by), 386 [GS]

Dinornis, 96 [PS]

dinosaur eggs, 91-92, 98-99, 99, 100, 100, 119, 184-185, 188-189 [PS]

dinosaur footprints, 41, 46, 212 [PS]

dinosaurs, 36, 61, 158, 159, 164, 328, 352, 361, 429, 466 [FS], 46, 61, 88 ff., 90 ff., 94 ff., 102 ff., 110-111, 117 ff., 122 ff., 128, 132-134, 136, 138-139, 141, 162, 168-172, 174-176, 178-190, 192-193, 195-196, 201-202, 207, 211-212, 214, 217-220, 222-226, 228-231, 235-237, 247-258, 280, 349-351 [PS], 74, 75 [GS]

dinosaurs (illustrations), 89, 90, 92, 94, 100, 105, 106, 107, 118, 119, 120, 121, 122, 126, 183, 185 [PS]

Diocletian, 241 [GS]

Diodorus Siculus, 107, 109, 112, 118, 120-121, 142, 148, 443, 453 [GS], 212, 240 [FS]

Diogenes Laertius, 102, 105, 112 [GS]

Diomedes, 16 [GS]

Dione (satellite), 159, 346 [PS]

Dionysia, 128 [FS], 4, 444 [GS]

Dionysia, City, 92 [FS]

Dionysos, Dionysus, 92, 114, 127-128, 129, 130, 230 [FS], 4, 5, 8, 9, 9, 10, 11, 13, 80, 312, 313, 314, 317, 443-446 [GS]

Dionysus, Theater of, 8, 10-11 [GS]

Dirac, Paul, 162 [PS]

Discover, 101, 110, 163, 176, 178, 188 [PS]

disease (see also epide-ics), 189 [PS], 452-453, 466, 471, 482 [FS]

Disko Bay, 265 [PS]

Diviana, 167 [GS]

Divianus, 167 [GS]

Divine Land, 231 [GS]

Divine Throne (see throne, divine)

Djed (Tet), 144, 145 [GS]

Djoser, 198, 199 [GS]

Djoser, pyramid of, 199, 216 [GS]

DNA sequence, 158, 179, 190, 192, 199, 474 [FS]

DNA, 20, 111, 227, 232, 265, 315 [PS], 294 [GS]

Dob’s Linn, 208 [PS]

Dobb, Edwin, 179 [PS]

Dobbins, Frank S., 215 [FS]

Dodd, C. H., 301 [FS]

Dodge, Christopher, 508 [FS]

Dogon, 173-174, 175, 176, 178, 201, 272, 280, 457 [GS], 275, 278 [FS]

Dome C, Antarctic station, 322 [PS]

Donahue, Thomas, 13 [PS]

donkeys, 167 [FS]

Donnelly, Ignatius, 91 [FS]

Donofrio, Richard R., 61 [PS]

Doppler effect, 318, 332 [FS], 73 [PS]

Doppler shift(s), 325, 327, 328, 336 [GS]

Dordogne, 193 [FS]

Dorians, 28 [GS]

Dorset culture, 458 [GS]

Dorsey, G. A., 56 [GS]

Double Helix Nebula, 291, 292 [PS]

Douglas, William, 16 [GS]

Douglass, A. E., 162 [FS]

doves, 24 [PS]

Doxocopa, 22 [PS]

Doyle, Arthur Conan, 176 [GS]

Doyle, Laurance, 350 [GS]

Draco (constellation), 237 [GS]

Draconis (CM), 327, 328, 350 [GS]

Draconis, 102 [GS]

dragon, 42, 42, 43 [GS]

dragonflies, 114, 115, 132-133 [PS], 347 [GS]

dragons, 434 [FS]

Drake, Charles, 222 [PS]

drama, 91 ff. [FS]

drama (Greek), 4 ff., 312 [GS]

drama (Roman), 12 [GS]

Dravidians, 237 [FS]

Drayson, Alfred Wilkes, 142 [PS], 14, 16 [FS]

Dresden Codex, 84, 88, 90, 91, 91 [GS]

drift (see also till), 8, 62-63, 70, 74, 431-433 [FS]

Driscoll, Robert, 346, 411 [GS]

Driver, Godfrey Rolles, 123, 126 [FS]

drought, 443-444, 470 [FS]

Druids, 353 [GS]

drumlins, 393, 401 [FS]

Druyan, Ann, 199, 202 [PS], 441 [FS], 483 [GS]

Duat (Tuat), 25 [GS]

Dublin, 113 [PS]

Dubrovnik, 441 [GS]

ducks, 351 [PS]

Duk-Rodkin, Alejandra, 190 [FS]

Dumézil, Georges, 168 [GS]

Dunbar, Robin, 167 [FS]

Dupuis, Charles, 23, 310, 311 [GS]

Durda, Daniel, 5, 238 [PS]

Durga, 31, 32, 56 [GS]

Durham, J. Wyatt, 404 [GS]

Durisen, Richard, 280 [PS]

Durkheim, Emile, 67 [GS]

Düsseldorf, 170 [FS]

dust (cosmic), 159, 189, 216, 276, 281, 298-299, 301-302, 304-305, 309, 337-339, 355 [PS]

dust devils (Martian), 283 [FS]

dust, cosmic, 36, 38, 40, 45, 51, 429, 432-433, 492, 495 [FS]

Dusty Plasma Laboratory, 298-299 [PS]

duToit, A. L., 392 [GS]

Dutton, Clarence, 413 [FS]

Dvaipayana, Krishna, 230 [FS]

Dwapara Yuga, 395 [FS]

dwarfs, 482 [FS]

dwellings (primitive), 183, 184, 206, 209, 210, 215 [FS]

DYE-3, 265 [PS]

Dynamics Explorer A, 297 [PS]

Dynamics Explorer I, 41 [FS]

dynamo, geomagnetic, 363-365 [FS]

dynamos, planetary, 364 [FS]

Dyson, Freeman, 156 [FS]

 

E

 

Ea, Aa, 213, 225 [GS], 64-65, 105, 125-126, 133-134, 220 [FS]

Eagle nebula, 29, 30 [PS]

Earth (as celestial body), 75, 77, 83, 90, 95, 96, 99, 100-102, 106, 108, 109, 113, 118, 120, 121, 155, 163, 164, 173, 176, 177, 179 ff., 192, 203, 208, 219, 220, 221, 222 ff., 244, 246-247, 251-258, 282, 286, 287, 291, 293, 295, 297 ff., 321-324, 327, 328, 329, 332, 334, 335, 336, 337, 339, 340-346, 348-351, 356, 359, 361, 363, 367-371, 374, 377-381, 383-387, 390-402, 404, 405, 407, 409-413, 415, 417-419, 422-424, 426, 428, 435-440, 453-455, 457, 459, 461, 463-466, 470, 479, 481, 483-492 [GS], 1, 6, 7, 9, 10, 12-13, 18-20, 22, 25-26, 32, 41, 46, 49-53, 55, 59-60, 62-64, 69, 82-83, 85-86, 111, 114, 127, 132, 134, 136, 138-142, 144-147, 149-150, 161-162, 165-169, 171-172, 174, 187, 190, 192, 194-196, 198-199, 201-202, 216-217, 219, 224, 226-235, 237, 239, 241, 245-249, 251, 256, 258, 260-262, 266-267, 269-273, 274, 274-275, 276, 276, 277, 277-283, 284, 284-285, 289, 291, 294-296, 304, 306-307, 309, 311, 314-315, 323-327, 335, 337-339, 341-346, 348, 356-358 [PS], 3, 7, 11, 12, 13, 14, 16-17, 19-20, 22, 25, 28-29, 31, 33-36, 38, 40-49, 51-62, 64-67, 74, 80, 88, 107, 109, 112, 132, 140, 145-150, 153-165, 167, 207-209, 214, 222, 227, 248, 251-252, 255-259, 261, 264, 268, 276, 289, 317-320, 325, 331, 335, 338, 340, 342, 345, 347-349, 350, 351-353, 355, 359-379, 382-383, 385-387, 391-392, 395, 397, 405-406, 408, 410, 413-414, 419-420, 429-430, 432-433, 435, 437-439, 442-443, 464-466, 470, 472, 474, 486-489, 491, 494, 498-501, 505-506, 506, 507-512 [FS]

Earth contraction, 140-142, 145-146 [PS]

Earth Doctor, 264 [GS]

Earth expansion, 142-147, 162, 168 [PS]

Earth Institute (Columbia University), 466 [FS]

Earth-crossing objects, 75 [GS]

earthquakes (seismic waves), 204, 210, 249, 307, 321 [PS], 198, 432, 454 [GS], 63, 67, 123, 363, 373, 406, 410, 413, 420-421, 443, 470-471, 477, 484, 488, 507, 512 [FS]

East Anglia, 6 [FS]

East Indies, 31 [FS], 64 [PS]

Easter Island (Rapa Nui), 98, 102, 241 [FS], 286 [GS]

Easterbrook, Greg, 48 [FS]

Eatherley, Dan, 158 [FS]

Eaton, Alfred, 224 [GS]

Eben Shetiya (var.), 108 [FS]

Ebla & Ebla tablets, 106, 122 [FS], 62, 208 [GS]

eclipse(s), lunar, 96, 105-106, 113, 117-118, 453, 492 [GS]

eclipse(s), solar, 67, 96, 105-106, 113, 117-118, 453, 454 [GS], 150-151 [PS]

eclipses, lunar & solar, 112 [FS]

Ecuador, 445 [FS]

edentates, 444 [FS]

Edinburgh, 12 [FS], 378 [GS]

Edison, 101 [GS]

Edmonson, M. S., 89 [GS]

Edmonton, 61 [PS]

Edmontosaurus, 186 [PS]

Edsel Ford Mountains, 321, 324 [PS]

Efe (deity), 200 [GS]

Efé Pygmies, 174 [PS], 174-176, 178, 198, 201 [GS]

Eggleton, Hugh, 70 [PS]

Egypt, Egyptians, 9, 17, 18, 20, 25, 31, 35, 37-39, 55, 56, 61-62, 63, 78, 80, 96, 102, 109, 133, 141-142, 146, 147, 149, 168, 192, 195, 205, 214, 230-231, 269, 280, 305, 311, 312, 355, 432, 443 [GS], 49, 91, 92, 95, 108, 116, 119, 123, 133, 137, 143, 144, 144, 212, 214, 215, 227-228, 237, 240, 279, 293, 298, 303-304, 395, 437, 453 [FS], 62, 119, 170 [PS]

Ehecatl, 435, 435-437, 457 [GS]

Ehrlich, Robert, 261 [PS]

Eichstätt, 94, 117 [PS]

Einstein, Albert, 150, 158, 163, 164 [PS], 394 [GS]

Eisley, Loren C., 445, 453, 470 [FS]

Eissfeldt, Otto, 129 [FS]

Ekapada (Aja Ekapad), 440 [GS], 236 [FS]

Ekphantos, 108 [GS], 109 [FS]

El (Elus, Il, Ilus), 118, 120, 122, 129, 132, 136, 280, 299, 347 [FS], 135, 141, 142, 223-227, 229, 267-268, 283, 305, 433, 443, 448 [GS], 63 [PS]

El Caracol, 436, 436 [GS]

El Elyon, 118 [FS]

El Jobo culture, 450 [FS]

El Shaddai (see Shaddai) [FS]

Elagabalus (Gabal), 78, 79, 314 [GS]

Elagabalus, emperor (see Marcus Aurelius Antoninus)

Elam, 117 [GS]

el-Amarna correspondence, 212-213 [GS]

Eldridge, Niles, 348 [PS]

electric currents & other phenomena (cosmic), 73-74, 78-79, 81, 83-86, 127, 132, 134, 136, 142, 153, 164, 167-169, 172, 244, 246-247, 250-251, 298, 307, 324, 327, 331-332, 335, 339, 346, 358 [PS]

electric currents & other phenomena (terrestrial), 74, 169, 289-291 [PS]

Electric Discharge Machining, 240, 243 [PS]

electric discharge, 461-462, 482, 484 [GS]

electric fields (see electromagnetic fields)

electrical charges & discharges, cosmic, 74-76, 78, 240 ff., 330, 343-344 [PS]

electrical charges & discharges, experimental, 17 [PS]

electrical charges & discharges, terrestrial (see lightning)

electricity & electromagnetism (in space), 179, 302, 382, 413, 424, 426, 462, 464-465, 472, 476-478, 481-482, 489-490, 492 [GS]

electricity & electromagnetism in astronomy, 42, 44, 147-148, 158-159, 249, 256, 259, 262, 264, 268, 281-282, 285, 287-288, 331-337, 351, 364, 366, 369, 372-376, 440, 472, 474, 490-491, 493, 500-501, 508-509, 511-512 [FS]

electromagnetic field (solar), 85, 151, 335 [PS]

electromagnetic field (terrestrial)—see geomag-netic field [FS]

electromagnetic fields (cosmic), 74, 78, 157, 163-168, 232, 337 [PS]

electromagnetic fields (general & terrestrial), 14, 85, 166, 169, 190, 196, 270, 288, 291, 293, 296, 298, 301, 314, 337-338 [PS]

electromagnetic fields (other than terrestrial), 148, 334, 339, 474 [FS]

electromagnetic fields (planetary), 14, 85, 153, 169, 270, 299 [PS]

electromagnetic fields (stellar), 169 [PS]

electromagnetism (see electricity & electromagnetism in astronomy)

electrons, 74, 76-77, 167, 296, 298 [PS]

Elephanta, Temple of, 234, 242 [FS]

Elephantine, 123 [FS]

elephants (see also mammoths & mastodons), 168, 170, 178, 444, 451-455, 478 [FS], 404 [GS], 88, 123, 124, 125, 127-128, 351 [PS]

elephant-seal, 351 [PS]

Elgon, Mount, 3, 25 [FS], 311 [PS]

Eliade, Mircea, 345 [PS], 70-71 [GS], 90, 91, 114, 237-238, 434 [FS]

elk, 131, 134, 351 [PS], 493 [GS], 77, 206 [FS]

Ellenberger, C. Leroy, 160, 162, 184, 254-255, 257, 395 [GS], 21, 30, 59, 186, 188-189, 375 [FS]

Ellesmere Island, 3, 84, 206 [FS], 365, 394, 400, 458, 493 [GS]

Ellington, Charles, 115 [PS]

elm trees, 368, 385 [GS]

Eloah, 118, 122, 129, 132, 136 [FS], 223, 225, 226, 227 [GS]

Elohim, 117-118, 122, 129, 132, 136, 208, 289-290, 291, 292, 298, 345, 370 [FS], 28, 68-69, 148, 151, 204-205, 223-227, 262, 267-268, 429, 434, 435, 437, 443, 448 [GS]

Elohist tradition, 28 [GS]

Elos, 135 [GS]

Elworthy, Frederick, 107 [FS]

emeralds, 341 [PS]

Emesa, 78, 79, 82 [GS]

Emiliani, Cesare, 30-31, 48, 55, 400-401 [FS]

Emmet, Arielle, 155, 157 [GS]

emus, 202 [FS], 98, 101, 109 [PS]

Enewetak Atoll, 236 [PS]

England (see also Britain), 17 [GS], 3, 6, 84, 355, 405, 407, 427, 479 [FS]

Enigma of the Swastika, The, 29 [GS]

Eninnu, 129 [GS]

Enki, 125, 133-134 [FS], 213, 225 [GS]

Enlightenment, 465 [FS]

Enlil, 105 [FS], 210 [GS]

En-Me-Íar-ra, 132 [FS]

En-Me-Sar-ra, 121, 125, 145 [GS]

Enoch, 207, 299, 419 [FS], 283 [GS]

Enoch, Book of the Secrets of, 298-299 [FS], 283 [GS]

Enosh, 172 [PS], 419 [FS]

Enuma Elish, 147, 266, 269 [GS], 64, 125, 302 [FS]

Enzu (see Sin) [GS]

Eocene epoch, 16, 46, 95-96, 212, 214, 279 [PS], 361-366, 369, 374, 375, 380, 385-386 [GS], 9, 161, 505 [FS]

Eosphoros, 54 [GS]

Ephesus, 78 [GS]

Epicureans, 43 [GS]

Epicurus, 47, 48 [GS]

Epidaurus, 94 [FS]

epidemics (see also dis-ease), 182 [PS]

Epidendrosaurus, 350 [PS]

Epigeios, 168 [GS]

Epigenes, 115 [GS]

epilepsy, 25 [PS]

Epinomis, 55 [GS]

Epsilon Eridani, 328 [GS]

Epsilon Indi & attendants, 8 [PS]

Epsilon Indi B, Ba, & Bb, 155, 156 [FS]

Epstein, Samuel, 202 [FS]

equinox(es), 105, 118, 351 [GS]

equinoxes, precession of, 96, 102-105, 103, 116, 454-455, 456 [GS] (see also under precession)

Eratosthenes, 101, 121 [GS], 109 [FS]

Erebus, 272, 275, 432 [GS], 289 [FS]

Erech, 142 [FS], 229 [GS]

‘Eretz, 262 [GS]

eretz, 126 [FS]

ergosterol, 25 [PS]

Ericson, David, 5 [FS]

Erketu ellisoni, 249 [PS]

Erlian Basin, 109 [PS]

Ermis (see Hermes)

eros (asteroid), 151-152, 153 [PS]

erosion, 33 ff., 321 [PS], 71 [FS]

erratic boulders, 3, 8, 62-63, 69-71, 72, 73, 391 [FS]

Erwin, Doug, 209 [PS]

Esagila, 144 [FS]

Esarhaddon, 113 [FS]

eskers, 73 [FS]

Eskimos (see also Inuit), 172, 197, 337 [GS], 67, 208, 308, 420, 439, 442 [FS], 25 [PS]

ESO (illustration courtesy of), 85 [PS]

ester, polyphosphate, 15 [PS]

Eta Carinae, 333, 334 [PS]

Etruria, 239 [GS]

Etruscans, 12, 443 [GS], 124 [FS], 348 [PS]

Eudoxos, 13 [GS]

Euhemerus, 13 [GS]

Euphrates, 117 [GS]

Eurasia, 28 [FS], 414 [GS]

Eurasian Basin, 466 [GS]

Eureka Sound, 365 [GS]

Eurema lisa, 22-23 [PS]

Europa (satellite), 153 [FS]

Europe, Europeans, 16, 37, 40, 48, 93, 363, 371, 374, 378, 384, 394, 404, 442, 444, 452 [GS], 2, 3, 6, 17, 27, 31, 52, 55-56, 81, 85, 95, 98, 99, 171, 178-182, 184, 188-190, 192-193, 195-200, 202, 213, 215, 239, 299, 349, 398, 431, 445, 456, 460-462, 480, 505 [FS], 47, 58, 145, 238, 248, 263, 324 [PS]

European Southern Observatory (ESO), 226 [FS]

European Southern Observatory (ESO)—(illustrations courtesy of), 493 [FS]

European Space Agency, 332 [GS], 344 [PS]

Eurus, 433 [GS]

Eusebius Pamphili (Eusebius of Caesarea), 28, 312, 432 [GS], 123, 279 [FS]

Evangelicae Praeparationis, 432 [GS]

Evans, D., 19-20 [FS]

Even ha-Shetiyah (see Eben Shetiya)

Evening Star (see also Venus), 105 [FS], 54, 59, 61, 89, 90 [GS]

Evenki, Evenks, 179, 238 [FS]

evil eye, 248, 249 [FS]

evolution & origin of life, 15, 17-20, 22-24, 26, 32, 36-38, 55, 82, 94, 99, 128, 133, 150, 175-178, 188, 194, 208, 226, 228-229, 231, 249, 257, 266, 269, 341-345, 348-351, 353 [PS]

evolution (see also inter-breeding), 153, 167, 181, 198-199, 429, 468, 474-475, 483 [FS]

Exobiology  Program, NASA’s, 205 [PS]

Exodus (of the Israelites from Egypt), 205, 224 [GS], 62 [PS], 124 [FS]

Exodus, 119, 120 [FS]

exoplanets (see planets, extrasolar)

extinctions (see also overkill), 38, 61, 180, 328, 443 ff., 463 ff., 470 ff., 484 ff., 487-488, 507, 512 [FS], 36, 170, 175-190, 192-196, 198, 207-212, 214-215, 217-220, 222-224, 226-229, 231-234, 237, 239, 247-250, 256-258, 261, 345 [PS]

extinctions,  periodicity of, 214-215, 217, 227 [PS]

Eyah asher Eyah, 125-126 [FS]

Eye, mythological, 22, 31 [GS]

Eye, pupil of (mythological), 22 [GS]

Ezekiel, 227 [GS]

Ezekiel, Book of, 227 [GS]

 

F

 

Faber, G. S., 439 [GS]

Fagan, Brian, 400 [FS]

Fairbanks, Richard, 398 [FS]

Fairbridge, Rhodes, 247 [PS], 400, 408, 410-411 [FS]

Falkland Islands, 8 [FS]

Far East (see also Asia), 206 [FS]

Farnell, Lewis, 67 [GS]

Farwardin, 151, 204 [GS]

Fast, Jewish, 127 [FS]

Fasti, 239 [GS]

Father of Light, 142, 301 [FS]

Fauconnet, Max, 39 [GS]

Faulkner, R. O., 25, 61 [GS]

Fawcett, Peter, 280 [PS]

Feathered Serpent (see also Quetzalcoatl), 156 [FS]

feathers, 97-98, 101 ff. [PS]

Feduccia, Alan, 97, 101, 104-106, 108, 117 [PS]

Feldstein, Yasha, 295 [PS]

Fell, Barry, 386-387 [FS]

Fenlands, 43 [PS]

Ferguson, Harry, 76 [PS]

Ferguson, John, 162 [PS]

ferns, 156 [FS], 365 [GS], 42, 48, 237 [PS]

Fertile Crescent (see Mesopotamia)

FG Sagittae, 468 [GS]

Field, T. William, 58, 365 [FS]

Fields, Scott, 394 [FS]

Fienberg, Richard, 31 [PS]

Fifth force (see hypercharge)

fig trees, 368 [GS]

Fijians, 294 [FS]

Filippenko, Alexei, 316 [FS]

Filler, Aaron, 349 [PS]

Finland, 289 [PS]

Finno-Ugrics, 150 [FS]

Finns, 20 [GS]

Finsen, Niels, 25 [PS]

fiords, 66, 69 [FS]

Fiorillo, Anthony, 252-255, 258 [PS]

Fiote, 165 [GS]

fir trees, 368 [GS]

Fire Stone (see Eben Shetiya) [FS]

Fire Sun (see Sun of Fire)

firmament, 274, 278 [PS]

Firsoff, Val Axel, 72-73, 154-155, 157, 162, 325-326, 327, 335, 336 [GS], 15, 18 [PS], 155 [FS]

First Father (Mayan & Gno-stic), 151, 300 [FS]

First One (Guarani), 151, 155 [FS]

Fischbach, Ephraim, 149 [PS]

Fischer, Alfred, 218 [PS]

Fischer, Debra, 470 [GS]

Fischer, Steven, 98 [FS]

Fischman, Joshua, 174, 179-180 [FS], 102 [PS]

fish, 158, 408 [FS], 22, 25, 41, 43, 56-58, 184, 185, 209, 211, 236 [PS], 286, 288, 289 [GS]

Fitzwilliam College, Cam-bridge, 73 [GS]

Flamsteed, Sam, 161, 325, 326, 328, 468 [GS], 318, 435 [FS]

flares & flare-ups, stellar (see also under novae & supernovae), 9, 73-75, 78, 80-83, 84, 84, 86, 228, 233-235, 239, 247, 270, 272, 301-302, 304, 307, 310, 314, 337-340, 351, 357-358 [PS]

flares, solar, 82, 83, 151, 152, 233 [PS]

Flavius Josephus, 208 [GS], 481 [FS]

flies (see also fruit flies), 20, 21, 265 [PS]

flint, 182, 183 [FS]

Flint, Richard, 43, 44, 417-418 [FS]

Flood, Biblical (see Deluge)

floods, 16, 51, 62-63, 70, 74-75, 201-202, 204, 207, 387, 389, 391 ff., 403, 414, 420, 443, 470-471, 507, 512 [FS], 42, 43, 61, 182, 184, 186, 189, 252, 258 [PS]

Flores Man (see Homo floresiensis)

Flores, 173 [PS]

Florida, 197, 240 [PS], 47, 285, 427-428, 471 [FS], 73, 365, 366 [GS]

flutes (primitive), 171-172 [FS]

flux tubes, 291 [PS], 458, 459, 461, 464 [GS]

Flynn, John, 87 [FS]

fog (terrestrial and celestial), 201, 264, 265, 266, 268, 271, 276, 306, 366, 449, 457 [GS]

Foing, Bernard, 344 [PS]

Foley, Robert, 129 [PS]

Folger, Tim, 163 [PS], 296 [FS]

Folgheraiter, Giuseppe, 355 [FS]

Folsom, 456 [FS]

Folsom culture, 456-457 [FS]

Fomalhaut, 56 [GS]

Font de Gaume, 188 [FS]

foraminifera, 19, 388 [FS]

Ford, Eric, 329 [GS]

Forenbaher, Staso, 441 [GS]

forests & forest fires, 42-44, 45, 45, 48-49, 198, 200-201, 221-222, 237-238, 251, 263, 321, 337 [PS]

forests, drowned, 398, 407 [FS]

Fornander, A., 227 [GS]

Fornax (constellation & galaxy cluster), 333 [FS], 477 [GS], 76 [PS]

Forrest, Bob, 105 [FS], 22, 120 [GS]

Forshufvud, Ragnar, 191 [GS]

Fort Yukon, 354 [GS]

Fort, Charles Hoy, 72 [PS], 83, 101 [GS]

Fortey, Richard, 132-133, 180, 194, 207-208, 248, 341 [PS]

Forward, R. L., 322 [GS]

Fosheim Peninsula, 365 [GS]

fossils and skeletal remains (see also under dinosaurs and mineralization), 19, 34-39, 41-42, 44, 48, 56-58, 61, 65 ff., 88 ff., 90 ff., 94 ff., 101 ff., 110 ff. 117 ff., 134, 177, 180-182, 183, 184-185, 190, 192, 196, 200, 202, 209, 211, 211, 219, 222, 225, 230, 237, 249, 251-254, 257, 320 [PS], 363, 365, 368-369, 374, 404 [GS], 17, 34, 76 , 84-85, 87, 165, 168, 170, 171, 172, 172, 173, 174-180, 182, 183, 196-199, 202, 407-409, 416, 418, 426, 446, 448, 450-451, 453, 455-456, 460, 462-466, 470-471, 476-479, 482-484 [FS]

Foster Roizen, Donna (photograph by), 314 [FS]

Foundation Stone (see Eben Shetiya) [FS]

foxes, 183, 444 [FS], 493 [GS]

France, 17 [GS], 212 [PS], 3, 6, 31, 171, 175-176, 180, 182-184, 186, 188, 190-191, 193-194, 196, 198, 200, 206, 268-270, 431, 450, 451, 456, 473, 479 [FS]

Francis, Jane, 375, 380 [GS]

Francis, Wilfrid, 43, 48 [PS]

Frank, Adam, 1, 2 [PS], 494-495 [FS]

Frank, Barry, 267 [GS]

Frank, Louis, 40-43 [FS]

Frankfort, Henri, 106 [FS]

Franz Josef Land, 80 [FS]

Frazer, James, 2, 4, 24, 133, 145, 149 [GS], 99 [FS]

Freeland, H., 19-20 [FS]

Freemasons, 91 [FS]

French Atomic Energy Commission (see Atomic Energy of France) [PS]

Fréret, Nicolas, 65-66 [GS]

Freud, Sigmund, 20, 21, 21 [GS]

Fricco, 240 [FS]

Friedman, Herman, 372-373, 375 [FS]

Frisians, 272 [GS]

frost giant, 389-390 [FS]

fruit flies, 20, 24-25 [PS]

fruit, 23-25 [PS]

Fuhr, Ilse, 76 [GS]

Fuller, M., 361 [FS]

Fulsome, Clair, 17 [PS]

fundamentalists & creationists, 53-54, 295, 297, 359-360, 379 [FS]

fundamentalists, Biblical (see creationists)

fungus, 25 [PS]

fusion, 78 [PS]

 

G

 

G77-61, 54 [PS]

Gabal, 78 [GS]

Gaea, 47 [GS]

Gaensler, Bryan, 233-234 [PS]

Gah, 232 [GS]

Gaia (theory), 295 [GS]

Gakkel Ridge, 266 [PS]

Galactic Centre Lobe, 245 [PS], 462 [GS]

galactic discharge, 478, 489 [GS]

galactic ejections (see also planetary ejections, astral ejections), 472, 475-476, 485 [GS]

Galápagos Islands, 286 [GS], 348 [PS]

galaxies, 146-148, 250, 255, 280, 293, 296, 316, 367, 490, 492 [FS], 250, 424, 426, 461, 462, 472, 474-476, 478, 485, 489 [GS], 5, 75-77, 79-80, 146, 155, 156, 157, 159, 232, 307, 335, 353-357 [PS]

Galaxy (see also Milky Way), 249, 250, 343 [GS], 38, 45, 46, 157, 224, 257, 259, 316, 367, 428-429, 433, 467, 491, 501 [FS]

Galileo Galilei, 147, 150 [PS], 23, 93, 101, 105, 174, 175, 176 [GS]

Galileo space probe, 499 [FS], 153 [PS]

Gallagher, Dennis, 298 [GS]

Gallant, René, 33 [FS]

Gallant, Roy, 159, 257 [GS]

Galveston Bay, 398-399 [FS]

gamma rays (see also under cosmic rays), 227-228, 231-237, 261 [PS], 249 [FS]

Gamow, George, 292-293, 295 [FS], 68 [GS]

Ganapathy, R., 212 [PS]

Ganapolski, Andrey, 204 [FS]

Ganetic Trough, 66, 68 [FS]

Ganges, 66 [FS]

Gangloff, Roland, 252 [PS]

Gargett, Robert, 178 [FS]

Garlick, Mark, 153 [FS]

Garuda Purana, 236 [GS]

Garvie, A. E., 347 [FS]

gas (cosmic), 429-430 [FS]

gas, gasoline (natural), 485-486 [FS], 51-52, 58-59, 62 [PS]

Gaster, T. H., 222 [FS]

Gatewood, George, 332 [GS]

Gaudens, 44 [GS]

Gaul, 42, 107 [GS]

Gauls, 240 [FS]

Gauss, Johann Carl Friedrich, 349, 353 [FS]

Gausser, A., 417 [FS]

gavial, 367 [GS]

Gay, Pamela, 251, 466 [FS]

Gaza, 127, 128 [FS]

Geb, 443, 444 [GS]

Gebal, 123 [FS]

Gehrels, Neil, 148 [FS]

Geikie, Archibald, 3, 6, 406, 505 [FS]

Geiseltal, 46 [PS]

Gemini (constellation), 115 [GS]

Gemini North and Keck telescopes, 471 [GS]

Geminos of Rhodes, 107 [GS]

general relativity (see relativity)

Genesis and the Big Bang, 68 [GS]

Genesis, 118, 120, 126, 132, 219, 289-290, 292-293, 295-299, 301, 307, 315, 395-396, 419 [FS], 26, 28, 68, 70, 111, 148, 204, 224, 262, 269, 274, 282, 283, 321, 429, 435, 441, 446 [GS], 274 [PS]

Geneva Observatory, 493 [FS]

Geneva, 249 [GS]

Genie of the Pivot, 237 [GS]

GEO, 430 [FS]

geologic strata, 33, 34, 34, 35, 35-36, 37, 37 ff., 44, 52, 180, 196-197 [PS]

Geologic succession (table), 9 [FS]

geologic time scales, 214 [PS]

Geological Society of London, 16 [FS]

Geological Survey of Canada, 195 [PS]

Geological Survey of India, 416-417 [FS]

geomagnetic field and geo-magnetism (terrestrial)—see also magnetosphere and paleomagnetism, 12, 45, 51, 54-55, 57, 61, 160, 349, 350, 351 ff., 361, 363, 366, 368-369, 372, 508-509 [FS]

geomagnetic field anomalies (terrestrial), 365-366 [FS]

geomagnetic field collapse (terrestrial), 34-35 [FS]

geomagnetic field excursions, 358, 360, 363, 488 [FS]

geomagnetic field reversals (terrestrial), 34, 57, 61, 351-352, 353, 354, 355, 358-367, 369, 488, 512 [FS]

geomagnetic fields (planetary, stellar, galactic, & spatial), 249, 366-367 [FS]

geomagnetic poles (see magnetic poles)

geophysical  diffraction tomography, 121 [PS]

George Mason University, 356 [PS]

Georgia State University, 260 [FS]

geotropism, 171 [PS]

Germanicus, 122 [GS]

Germany, Germans, 17, 20, 28-29, 181 [GS], 2, 3, 170, 179, 240, 273-274, 431, 473, 479 [FS], 46, 57-58, 117 [PS]

geysers (planetary), 55 [PS]

Gibbon, W., 104 [FS]

Gibraltar, 479 [FS]

Gibson, A. M., 74 [FS]

Gibson, John, 405 [GS]

gigantism, 482 [FS]

Gigantopithecus, 134, 136, 137 [PS]

Gigantoraptor erlianensis, 109 [PS]

Gigantosaurus, 118, 170 [PS]

GIII, 137, 138 [FS]

Gilbert Islands (see Kingsmill Islands)

Gilbert Islands, 218 [FS]

Gilbert, Grove Karl, 49 [FS]

Gilbert, William, 291 [PS]

Gilgamesh, 198 [GS]

Gilluly, James, 258 [GS]

Gilmore, I., 201 [PS]

Gimbutas, Marija, 239 [FS], 312, 444 [GS]

Ginenthal, Charles, 267 [PS], 400, 404, 411, 413, 426 [FS], 466 [GS]

Gingerich, Owen, 186, 188-189, 193 [FS], 99 [GS]

Ginzberg, Louis, 205, 429, 448 [GS], 292, 419 [FS]

Giotto spacecraft, 244 [PS]

giraffes, 351 [PS]

Girsu, 128 [GS]

Giuliani, Bob (illustrations by), 346 [GS], 78, 159, 203, 428 [FS], 90, 92, 94, 95, 96, 105, 106, 107, 119, 120, 126, 135, 185 [PS]

Giza, 453 [FS]

Gizis, John, 80 [PS]

glacial striations, 2, 68-70, 71, 71-72 [FS]

Glacial theory (see ice ages)

glaciers, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 22-23, 25, 28-30, 33, 36, 48-51, 62, 66, 70-71, 73-74, 80-82, 167, 190, 202, 204, 207, 386, 389, 391, 393-394, 397-402, 405-406, 408, 410-411, 433, 438, 453, 462, 487-488, 505, 507, 512-513 [FS], 202, 237, 262-267, 281, 285, 304, 309-313, 313, 314-315, 319, 321, 325 [PS]

Glass, Billy, 323 [PS]

Glausiusz, Josie, 329 [GS]

Glenister, B., 360 [FS]

Gliese, 229, 148 [FS], 268 [PS]

Gliese 229B, 148-149 [FS]

Gliese 710, 502 [FS]

Gliese 876, 2, 268 [PS], 328, 350 [GS]

global warming, 189, 193 [PS], 397, 507 [FS]

Glock. W. S., 162 [FS]

Glueck, Nelson, 376 [GS]

gneiss, 49 [PS]

Gnosticism, Gnostics, 137, 143, 150, 217-218, 223, 299-302 [FS], 63 [PS]

goats, 351 [PS]

Gobi Desert, 184, 306 [PS], 418 [FS]

God, Intelligent Designer, Creator, 102, 117-118, 132, 136, 137, 142, 150, 156, 178, 223, 292, 295-296, 299-300, 345, 347-348, 396-397, 419-420 [FS], 22, 26, 28, 45, 63, 68, 93, 148, 151, 210, 217, 223, 224, 263, 283, 306, 429, 448 [GS], 63, 307 [PS]

Goddard Institute for Space Studies, 32 [PS]

Goddard Space Flight Center, 327, 328 [GS]

goddess of flocks, 212 [FS]

gods, origin of, 509 [FS]

Goedicke, Hans, 223 [GS]

Gokavyi, Nick, 328 [GS]

gold, 200, 208 [PS]

Gold, Thomas, 395-397 [GS], 49, 51-52, 54, 59-60, 62 [PS]

Golden Age, 306, 315, 357 [GS], 79, 86, 213, 345 [FS]

Golden Gate Park, 245 [FS]

Goldman, Stuart, 468 [GS]

Goldreich, Peter, 158-159 [PS]

Goldsmith, Donald, 160-161, 163-165 [PS], 372 [FS]

Golimowski, David, 326 [GS]

Golovneva, Lena, 256 [PS]

Gonds, 395 [FS]

Gondwana, Gondwanaland, 10, 11, 73 [FS], 210 [PS]

Goodman, Ellen, 187 [PS]

Goose Bay, 286 [PS]

Gordon, Cyrus, H., 122-123, 126, 347 [FS]

Gore, Rick, 157, 160 [GS], 190, 192, 202 [PS]

Gorges de l’Aveyron, Les, 175-176 [FS]

Gorman, Jessica, 287 [GS]

Gospel of Bartholomew, 347 [FS]

Gospel of Matthew, 347 [FS]

Gospels (see also Bible), 300 [FS], 22 [GS]

Gothenburg flip, 61 [FS]

Goths, 16 [GS]

Göttingen, 349 [FS]

Gould, Stephen Jay, 102, 107, 175, 187-188, 192-193, 199, 207, 216, 218, 256, 342, 348, 349 [PS], 195, 393, 464-465, 468-469 [FS]

Gould’s Belt, 38 [FS]

GQ Lupi, 268 [PS]

Graces, 80 [GS]

gradualism (see uniformitarianism)

Grady, Wayne, 212 [PS]

Graha, 234 [FS]

Graham, George Donald, 171 [PS]

Graham, Jeffrey, 114 [PS], 347 [GS]

Grahanayakah, 120, 133 [GS]

grain, 265 [PS]

Grain-goddess, 212 [FS]

Grand Canyon, 34 [PS]

granite, 49, 208 [PS]

grape vine, 312 [GS]

graphite, 49-50 [PS]

gravel, 41, 66, 68-69, 319 [PS], 67 [FS]

graves (see under burials)

Graves, Robert, 204 [GS]

gravitation, gravity (and theory of—see also antigravity), 107, 179, 184, 474, 476, 490 [GS], 74, 140, 256-257, 262, 282, 324, 329, 337, 376, 435-436, 491 [FS], 2, 3, 5, 6, 9, 14, 55, 122, 127-128, 132, 134, 136, 138-143, 145-169, 171-174, 210, 217, 237, 250-251, 283, 298, 335, 338 [PS]

gravitational constant (G), 161-162, 166 [PS]

gravity (lunar), 47 [FS]

gravity, mock, 159, 161 [PS]

gravity, repulsive, 158-161 [PS]

Gray, Andrew, 245 [PS], 462, 484 [GS]

Gray, Bennison, 37-38 [PS], 510-511 [FS]

Gray, David, 326 [GS]

Great Basin, Nevada, 22 [FS]

Great Bear (Ursa Major constellation), 186, 188-190, 316 [FS]

Great Britain (see Britain)

Great Comet, 50 [PS]

Great Han Hai sea, 418 [FS]

Great Lakes, North American, 56, 393, 407, 442, 451 [FS], 321 [PS]

Great Man, 371, 390 [FS]

Great Plain (of the Koakjuaq), 410 [FS]

Great Red Spot, Jupiter’s, 149 [FS]

Great Salt Lake & Basin, 392 [FS]

Great Spirit (Amerind), 67, 421-422 [FS]

Greece, Greeks (see also Hellenes), 4, 5, 9, 13, 17, 20, 26, 28, 35, 43, 45-47, 52, 54-56, 71, 75, 78, 80, 93, 102, 105, 107, 109, 113, 114-116, 120-121, 135, 137, 163, 167, 169, 227, 229, 232, 239, 241, 252, 262, 275, 307, 312, 433, 444, 453 [GS], 64, 90, 91-92, 94-96, 101, 105, 108-109, 112, 114-115, 142, 145, 229, 239-240, 259, 294, 305, 355, 437, 477 [FS], 348 [PS]

Green River (Arizona), 57 [PS]

Green, John (illustrations by), 3, 6-7, 10-11, 12, 18, 40, 48, 49, 85, 86, 199, 277, 318, 352, 421 [GS], 93, 101, 144, 154, 449, 458-459 [FS]

Green, Y. S. (illustrations by), 103, 311, 447 [FS]

Greenberg, Lewis M., 28- 29, 163, 210 [GS]

Greenberg, Lewis M., 345 [FS]

Greenberg, Lewis M., 90 [PS]

Greene, Thomas, 428 [GS]

greenhouse effect, 12, 31, 164, 385, 485, 507 [FS], 192-193, 269 [PS]

Greenland, Greenland Sea, 19, 265-266, 317, 322, 338-339, 341 [PS], 6, 23, 24, 30, 38, 49, 52-53, 66, 74, 80, 82, 83, 84-85, 203, 354, 387, 442, 488-489 [FS], 201, 368, 372, 394, 458 [GS]

Greenwell, Richard, 225 [PS]

Gregory, Bruce, 97 [GS]

Griaule, Marcel, 173 [GS]

Gribbin, John, 21, 373, 375 [FS], 93 [GS]

Grieve, Richard, 201 [PS]

Griffard, David, 16, 265, 340 [GS]

Griffiths, Gwyn, 9, 13 [GS]

Griggs, R. F., 81 [FS]

Grigson, Geoffrey, 105 [FS]

Grimal, Nicolas, 219, 220 [FS]

Grimm, Jacob, 439 [GS]

Grimwade, John (illustration after), 121 [PS]

Grinnell Land, 82 [FS]

Grisewood, E. N., 20 [PS]

Grolier Codex, 91, 92 [GS]

Groningen, University of, 157 [PS]

Grootfontein, 440 [FS]

Grottatore, 442 [GS]

Grotte du Renne, 171 [FS]

grouse, 203 [FS]

Grubaugh, Robert, 411-412 [GS]

Guanajuato, University of (photograph by), 242 [PS]

Guarani, 151, 155 [FS]

Guatemala, 1, 224 [PS], 438 [GS]

Guattari Cave, 174-175 [FS]

Guaymas Basin, 58 [PS]

Gubbio, 180, 196-197, 220, 228, 230 [PS]

Gucumatz (see also Quetzalcoatl), 439 [GS]

Gudea, 129 [GS], 302 [FS]

Gudrun Epic, 16-17 [GS]

Gudrun, 16-17 [GS]

Guénon, René, 243 [GS]

Guest Stars (see also novae and supernovae), 95 [GS]

Guinness, Alma, 296 [FS]

Guirand, F., 165, 262-263 [GS]

Gula Hymn of Bullutsa-rabi, 128 [GS]

Gula, 128 [GS]

Gulf of California, 426 [FS], 58-59 [PS]

Gulf of Corinth, 442 [FS]

Gulf of Mexico, 203, 205, 219, 226 [PS], 398, 400, 442, 486 [FS]

Gulf Stream, 204 [FS], 260 [PS]

Gunst, R. H., 349 [FS]

Gurnis, Michael, 248 [PS]

Gutenberg, Beno, 140 [PS]

Gwin, Peter, 350 [PS]

Gypsies, 348 [FS]

 

H

 

H.M.S. Beagle, 406 [FS]

Haab, 89 [GS]

Haberle, Robert, 348 [GS]

habitable zone, 153-155 [FS], 190-191 [GS], 269 [PS]

Hadad, 124-125 [FS]

Hades, 301 [FS], 432 [GS]

Hadracodium wui, 117 [PS]

hadrosaurs (but see also dinosaurs), 253 [PS]

Hag of the Ridges (see Cailleach Bhur) [FS]

Hagen, John, 480 [FS]

Haida, 197, 338 [GS]

Haiti, 200, 203, 224 [PS], 241, 397 [FS]

Haldane, J. B. S., 15, 17 [PS]

Hall, Frederick F., 67, 177, 254, 324, 344-345, 357, 411, 417-419, 422 [GS], 502 [FS]

Hall, Manly, 241 [GS]

Hallam, Anthony, 38, 214, 223 [PS], 405-406, 464 [FS]

Hallberg, Peter, 14 [GS]

Hallet, Jean-Pierre, 175 [GS], Jean-Pierre, 208 [FS]

Halley, Edmund, 109, 111, 112 [GS], 109, 112 [FS]

Halley’s Comet, 217, 244 [PS], 332 [FS], 482 [GS]

Hallstat culture, 355, 360 [FS]

Halpern Award, 17 [PS]

Hamaker, John, 30 [FS]

Hamilton, Doug, 339 [FS]

Hamilton, Warren, 10, 12 [FS]

Hamlet’s Mill, 23, 222, 454-455 [GS]

hammanim, 447 [GS]

Hammer, Claus, 49, 388 [FS]

Hammu (Ammi), 207-208 [GS]

Hammurabi, 207-208 [GS]

Han dynasty, 92, 111, 237 [GS]

Han, J., 61 [PS]

hand of God (hand of El/Elohim), 299 [FS]

Hanlon, M., 499 [FS]

Hann, Julius, 377-378 [GS]

Hapgood, Charles, 309 [PS], 34, 48, 52-53, 58, 76, 77, 80, 83, 84, 478 [FS], 393-395, 396, 400 [GS]

Haran, 119 [FS]

Harappa, 237 [FS]

Hare Hongi (see under Hongi, Hare) [FS]

Hari-Hara, 230 [FS]

Harkness, Doug, 387, 488 [FS]

Harland, W. Brian, 11-12 [FS]

Haro, Guillermo, 427 [GS]

Harrington, Richard, 168-169 [FS]

Harrington, Robert, 187 [GS], Robert, 217 [PS]

Harris, Al, 43 [FS]

Harrison, Jane, 8 [GS]

Harrison, Mark, 19 [PS], 505 [FS]

Hart, Michael, 190 [GS]

hartebeest, giant, 444 [FS]

Hartmann, William, 414, 416 [FS]

Hartner, Willy, 117 [GS]

Harvard Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 233 [PS]

Harvard University, 13 [FS], 234 [PS]

Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 45 [FS], 478 [GS]

Harwood, David M., 320 [PS]

Harz Mountains, 57-58 [PS]

Hatch, Ronald, R, 54 [FS]

Hathor, 37, 133 [GS]

Hawaii, Hawaiians, 3, 25, 98, 103, 309, 312, 358, 385, 386 [FS], 145, 191, 192, 220, 311, 323, 349 [PS], 227, 232 [GS]

Hawaii, University of, 12 [PS]

Hawaiian Volcanic Observatory, photograph by, 386 [FS]

Hawaleshka, Danylo, 249 [GS]

Hayden, Brian, 176 [FS]

Hays, James, 18-19, 21, 22 [FS]

hazel trees, 368 [GS]

HD 163296, 147 [FS], 427-428, 430-431, 484 [GS], 7 [PS]

HD 168443, 328 [GS]

HD 209458b, 10 [PS]

HD 83443, 328 [GS]

HE 0437-5439, 354 [PS]

headaches, 508 [FS]

headhunters, headhunting, 175 [FS]

Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump, 457, 457, 460 [FS]

Heap, Sally, 327 [GS]

Hearst, William Randolph, 245 [FS]

Heart of Heaven, 156, 307 [FS]

Heart of the Sky and/or Heart of Heaven, 214, 438 [GS], 64 [PS]

Heath, Martin, 349, 350 [GS], 9 [PS]

Hebdomeus, 128 [FS]

Hebrew University, 157 [PS]

Hebrews (see also Israelites, Jews), 39, 204 [GS], 120, 122, 124-125, 127, 135, 345 [FS]

Hebrides, 66, 420-421 [FS]

Hecateus of Abdera, 107 [GS]

Heer, Oswald, 368, 384 [GS], 505 [FS]

Heidel, William A., 127, 132-133 [FS], 37, 145, 170, 204, 223, 225, 306, 312 [GS]

Heim, A., 417 [FS]

Heinberg, Richard, 21 [GS]

Helakhic Letter, 144 [FS]

Helen (of Troy), 28 [GS]

Helicon-Coronas-F satellite, 233 [PS]

heliopause (see heliosphere)

Heliopolis (Annu), 141 [GS]

Heliopolis, 304 [FS]

Helios, 71, 72, 73, 121, 135, 136, 137, 139, 148, 163, 165, 217, 252, 312 [GS], 98, 105, 114-117, 122, 128 [FS]

heliosphere & heliopause, 159, 257-258, 261, 285, 287, 335, 337, 343, 369, 372, 473-474 [FS], 10, 86, 169, 172, 328-329, 335, 357-358 [PS], 299-300, 419, 422, 482 [GS]

helium, 294 [GS], 296, 497 [FS]

Helix Nebula, 52, 53 [PS]

Hell Creek, 110, 197, 219 [PS]

hell, 45 [GS]

Hellenes (see also Greeks), 26, 28, 55 [GS]

Henbest, Nigel, 59 [FS]

Hendel, Ronald S., 224 [GS]

Hendy, Chris, 24 [FS]

Henneberg, Maciej, 132 [PS]

Henry, Thomas, 321 [PS]

hens-and-chickens, 295 [GS]

Hephaistion, 76 [GS]

Hera, 92 [FS]

Heraclitus, 217 [GS]

Herakleides Ponticus, 100, 101, 108 [GS], 109 [FS]

Herakles, 131 [GS]

Herbig, George, 427 [GS]

Herbig Haro objects, 6, 7 [PS], 427, 427-428, 430-431, 465, 475-477, 481 [GS]

Herbig Haro 30, 482 [GS]

Herbig Haro 409, 496 [FS]

Herlofson, N., 74 [PS]

Hermes (Ermis), 52, 54, 56, 314 [GS], 92 [FS]

Hermes Trismegistus, 143 [FS]

Herod, 108 [FS]

Herodian, 165 [GS]

Herodotus, 8, 9, 106, 114, 149, 312 [GS]

Herschel, J., 158 [PS]

Herschel, William, 300 [GS], 342 [FS]

Hertogen, J., 230 [PS]

Heru-ap-sheta, 61, 409 [GS]

Heru-ka-pet, 61, 231 [GS]

Heru-khuti, 61, 62 [GS]

Heru-tesher, 61, 62 [GS]

Hesiod, 26, 45, 56, 262, 272, 433 [GS], 279-280 [FS]

Hesperos, 54 [GS]

Hess, Harry, 294 [PS], 392 [GS]

Heuer, Kenneth, 96, 97, 100 [GS]

Heyerdahl, Thor, 38 [GS]

Hezekiah, 116-118, 134 [FS]

Hezekiah, seal(s) of, 116, 118 [FS]

HH 30 (see Herbig Haro 30) [GS]

HH 34, 147 [FS], 427, 427, 428, 475, 476, 480-481, 484 [GS]

HH 409, 428, 484 [GS], 7 [PS]

HH 409-A (B & C), 428 [GS]

Hibben, Frank C., 205, 381, 470 [FS]

Hickey, Leo, 186, 197, 218 [PS], 366, 384-385 [GS]

High Priest(s) (of Israel), 227, 228, 232 [GS]

Hiketas, 108 [GS], 109 [FS]

Hildebrand, Alan, 203 [PS]

Hills, Brian, 3, 6, 77, 248, 319 [PS]

Hills, J. G., 180, 182, 183, 332 [GS], 320, 324, 337 [FS]

Himalayas, 142, 147 [PS], 30, 31, 66-67, 202, 245, 416-417 [FS]

Hindu temples, 234, 242, 246-247 [FS]

Hinduism, Hindus, 109, 150, 155, 209, 220, 228, 231, 235-236, 242-243, 245-247, 294, 302, 305, 348 [FS], 122, 131-133, 137, 227, 232, 233, 236, 275, 309, 351, 434, 446 [GS]

Hiorter, Olaf Peter, 288 [PS]

Hipparchus (Hipparchos), 96, 97, 103, 104, 105, 115, 116, 455 [GS], 109 [FS]

Hippeus, 76 [GS]

Hippolytus, 112, 429, 446, 457 [GS], 227 [FS]

hippopotami, 123 [PS], 6, 205 [FS]

Hiranyagarbha, 294 [FS]

Hirnschall, Helmut (illustration by), 310 [FS], 197 [GS]

Hiroshima, 236 [PS]

Hislop. A., 172 [GS]

Hissink, Louis, 241 [PS]

Hitchcock, Edward, 3 [FS]

Hitching, Francis, 179 [PS], 48 [FS]

Hittites, 125 [FS], 80 [GS]

Ho, 94 [GS]

Hoagland, Richard, 159 [GS]

Hoare, Lake, 294 [GS]

Hoba meteorite, 440, 441 [FS]

Hobbs, William H., 407 [FS]

Hoerbiger, Hans, 275, 276, 277 [PS], 396 [FS]

Hoffman, Antoni, 214 [PS]

Hoffman, J. H., 2 [PS]

Hoffman, Kenneth A., 355, 358 [FS]

Hoffman, Paul, 10, 12, 13 [FS]

Hogan, Craig, 159 [PS]

Hogarth, Charles (illustrations by), 100, 427 [FS], 148, 176 [PS], 21, 55, 66, 100, 101, 175 [GS]

Hokkaido, 421 [FS]

Holden, Theodore (Ted), 125, 127-128, 136, 138-139, 145, 165, 167 [PS]

Holland, 197 [PS]

Holman, Alan, 203 [FS]

Holmberg, Uno, 243 [GS]

Holocene epoch, 18, 85, 341, 399, 417 [FS], 45, 65, 265, 339 [PS]

Holy Ghost (see also Sanctus Spiritus), 429 [GS]

Homer, 14, 16, 17, 21, 45, 56, 99 [GS], 92, 96 [FS]

Homo erectus, 134 [PS], 176, 455 [FS]

Homo floresiensis, 173 [PS]

Homo sapiens neanderthalensis (see Neanderthals)

Homo sapiens sapiens, 180, 201 [FS]

Homo sapiens, 128-129, 130 [PS], 167, 169, 170, 197, 199, 437 [FS], 386 [GS]

Honan, 479 [FS]

Hongi, Hare, 309 [FS]

Honolulu, 410 [FS]

Hooker, Dolph Earl, 369, 385 [GS], 46, 48, 49, 275, 281-285, 293, 304, 306 [PS], 5, 27, 29, 48, 76 [FS]

Hope, Thomas (illustrations by), 130, 131 [FS]

Hopi Mesa, 275 [FS]

Hopi, 209, 211, 275, 276, 389 [FS], 285, 286 [GS]

Hopkins, David, 264 [PS]

Hoppe, Kathryn, 463 [FS]

Horeb, Mount, 119, 124 [FS]

Horn, Siegfried, H., 122 [FS]

Horner, Jack, 91, 98, 100-101, 110, 184, 192 [PS]

horns, musical (primitive), 174 [FS]

Horrabin, J. F. (illustration by), 189 [FS], 347 [GS]

horses, 168, 183, 189, 190, 202, 205-206, 444, 456, 460-463, 479 [FS], 65, 128 [PS], 365, 385 [GS]

Horseshoe Bay (Victoria, B.C.), 71 [FS]

Hortanes, 240 [FS]

Horus (see also Heru Khuti), 61, 62, 78, 133, 231, 409 [GS]

Hose, Louise, 289 [GS]

Hosea, 348 [FS]

Hottentots, 482 [FS]

Hourglass Nebula, 334 [PS]

Howe Quarry, 183 [PS]

Howie, M. Oldfield, 228 [FS]

Howorth, Henry, 80 [FS]

Hoxne, 427 [FS]

Hoyle, Fred, 20, 263, 304 [PS], 21, 22, 25, 35, 36, 40, 48-49, 295, 442, 469, 473 [FS]

HR 8210, 232, 234 [PS], 471 [FS]

Hraschina, 83 [GS]

Hsi, 94 [GS]

Hsu, Kenneth, 196, 198 [PS]

Huang-ti (also Shang-te, Shang-ti, Shang di), 143 [FS], 237, 238, 264, 317 [GS]

Hubble Space Telescope (& photographs taken by), 29, 30, 75, 80, 302 [PS], 148, 226, 288, 432 [FS], 266, 326, 327, 334, 476 [GS]

Hudson(’s) Bay, 147, 310 [PS], 393, 458, 466 [GS], 3, 53, 84, 408, 432 [FS]

Huehueteotl, 240, 317 [GS]

Huggett, Richard, 38 [PS]

Huggins, William, 49 [PS]

Huitzilopochtli, 410 [GS]

Hulot, Gauthier, 365-366 [FS]

Humphreys, W. J., 33 [FS]

hunchbacks, 482 [FS]

Hunt, Garry, 157 [GS]

Hunt, Warren, 377, 392, 394 [FS]

hunters & hunting, 167-170, 179, 181-184, 186, 206, 212, 252, 443 ff. [FS]

Hurakan, 156, 307 [FS], 438-439, 440 [GS], 64 [PS]

Huronian, 7 [FS]

hurricanes, 43, 45 [PS], 51, 57, 63, 477, 507 [FS]

Hussein, Saddam, 383 [FS]

Hutton, James, 413 [FS]

Huxley, Anthony, 473 [FS]

Huxley, Thomas, 175 [PS]

Huygens spacecraft, 55 [PS]

Huygens, Christian, 174 [GS]

Hydra, constellation, 268 [PS]

hydrate, 486 [FS]

hydrocarbons, 49-52, 54-56, 60-65 [PS]

hydrodynamics, 288 [FS], 73 [PS]

hydrogen, 44, 202, 296-297, 331, 334, 372, 497 [FS], 9, 15, 17, 50, 52, 63, 73, 80, 327 [PS]

hydrogen sulfide, 287 [GS]

hydrothermal vents, 13 [FS], 58-59, 266 [PS]

hyenas, 175, 479 [FS]

Hyers, Conrad, 69-70 [GS]

Hyginus, Gaius Iulius, 122 [GS]

Hyperboreans, 107 [GS]

hypercharge (fifth force), 149, 161 [PS]

hyposoma, hyposomata, 138 [GS]

hypothalamus, 216 [FS]

Hypsilodon, 90 [PS]

 

I

 

Íaddai (see Shaddai) [FS]

Iamblichus of Chalcis, 100 [GS]

Iana, 167 [GS]

Ianus (see Janus) [GS]

Ibata, Rodrigo, 355-356 [PS]

ibex, 455-456 [FS]

Icarus, 224 [PS]

Ice Age (Pleistocene) 69, 129-132, 134, 147, 173, 202, 237, 263-267, 271, 273-274, 284-286, 312-313, 315-316, 322, 324, 337-341 [PS]

ice age(s) (see also inter-glacials), 2 ff., 14 ff., 27 ff., 51 ff., 109, 145, 160, 164-165, 167-169, 171, 178-180, 184, 186, 188-190, 193, 195, 198-200, 202-209, 236, 340-341, 351-352, 361, 364, 370, 377, 379, 381-382, 385-388, 391 ff., 402 ff., 405 ff., 409 ff., 413 ff., 417 ff., 420-421, 431-433, 437, 443-444, 448, 453, 456, 461-462, 466, 469, 477, 479, 482-483, 485-486, 488-489, 505, 507, 512-513 [FS], 260-263, 266, 273, 279, 281, 286, 304, 309-310, 313-314, 316, 326, 340 [PS], 374 [GS]

Ice Age, Little (see Little Ice Age)

ice ages, astronomical theory of (see Milankovitch Theory)

ice cores, 200, 265, 315, 317-320, 322, 338-340 [PS], 23, 24, 49, 381, 387, 388, 442, 488-489 [FS]

ice, pack (see pack ice)

Iceland, 192, 201 [PS], 85, 358, 379, 485 [FS]

Ida (asteroid), 416-417 [GS]

Idaho, 75, 379, 380-381, 385, 392 [FS]

Idavollr, 272 [GS]

Idoil (see Adoil)

iguanas, 348 [PS]

IGY (see International Geophysical Year)

IGY Auroral Data Center, 295 [PS]

Iku (Mesopotamian cons-tellation), 115, 116 [GS]

Il (see Allah)

Il (see El)

Ilâh (see Allah)

I-lai, 114 [FS]

Iliad, 14, 16 [GS], 94, 96 [FS]

Illinois, 3, 17 [FS]

Ilus (see El)

IMAGE (satellite), 303 [GS], 160 [FS]

Imaging Spectrograph (on Hubble telescope), 432 [FS]

Imbolg, 353 [GS]

Imbrie, John, 18, 22-24 [FS]

Imhotep, 198, 199, 200, 216 [GS]

impacts, cosmic & terrestrial (including electrical), 195 ff., 207 ff., 217 ff., 231, 238 ff., 251, 280, 344-345 [PS]

In the Beginning, 177 [GS]

Incas, 198, 201, 217, 338, 493 [GS], 241 [FS], 348 [PS]

incest, 45, 47 [GS]

India, Indians, 20, 31, 35, 132, 151, 196, 201, 255, 275, 280, 355, 439, 441, 442 [GS], 190-191, 202, 220, 222, 313 [PS], 8, 10, 73, 96, 142, 150, 182, 201, 237, 240-242, 244-245, 371, 394-395, 400, 402, 475 [FS]

Indian Ocean, 147, 225 [PS], 18, 400 [FS], 280 [GS]

Indiana University, 74 [FS]

Indo-China, Indo-Chinese, 235, 244 [FS], 151 [GS]

Indo-Europeans, 28, 35 [GS]

Indonesia, 114, 244, 383, 402-403 [FS], 173 [PS], 201 [GS]

Indra, 233 [GS]

Indrija Valley, 171 [FS]

Indriocotherium, 133 [PS]

Indus River & Valley, 201, 242 [FS]

Industrial Research & Development, 346 [GS]

industrial revolution, 181 [FS]

industrialization, 489 [FS]

infrared light, 10, 12, 15, 54, 255, 269, 273, 298, 301, 323, 338, 355 [PS]

infrared radiation, 156-158, 224-226, 333, 491, 499 [FS]

Ingersol, Andrew, 159 [GS]

Innovative Notebook, 346 [GS]

Inquisition, 113 [GS]

insects, 20, 21, 22 ff., 46, 65, 114-115, 115, 116, 117, 133, 221, 238, 265 [PS], 473 [FS]

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 346 [PS]

Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleo-anthropology, 108 [PS]

Intelligent Designer (see God)

interbreeding (see also evolution), 195-200, 209 [FS]

Interdisciplinary Studies, Society for (see under Society)

interglacials, 306, 338 [PS], 5, 6-7, 44, 49, 55, 488-489, 505 [FS]

International Geophysical Year, 294-295 [PS]

International Ultraviolet Explorer satellite, 432 [FS]

Interplanetary discharges (see thunderbolts)

Inuit (see also Eskimos), 179 [FS], 201, 276 [GS]

Inyan, 370 [FS]

Io (Maori deity), 309, 311 [FS]

Io (satellite), 152-154, 154, 346 [PS], 191, 383, 458, 464 [GS]

Ionians, 28 [GS]

ionization, 500 [FS]

ionosphere (terrestrial)—see atmosphere

ionospheres, planetary, 77 [PS]

ions, 508 [FS], 76-77 [PS]

Ions, Veronica, 237 [FS]

Iovis (see Jupiter)

Iowa, 202 [PS], 284 [FS]

Ipurinas, 339 [GS]

Iran, Iranians (see also Persia), 300, 348 [FS], 151, 227, 232 [GS]

Iraq, 117 [GS], 177, 300 [FS]

IRAS satellite, 338 [PS]

Ireland, 3, 94 [FS], 43, 113 [PS]

Ireland, Trevor, 13 [PS]

iridium, 196-200, 205, 207-210, 212, 214, 219-222, 224, 226, 228, 230-231, 249, 339-340 [PS], 35, 433, 442 [FS]

Irish astronomical Journal, The, 18 [FS]

Irish Sea, 42 [GS]

iron, 108 [FS], 15, 205, 232 [PS]

Isaac, 119-120 [FS]

Isaiah, 210 [GS]

Iseum (in Rome), 151 [GS]

Ishango, 193 [FS]

Ishmael, 120 [FS], 224 [GS]

Ishtar, 105, 106 [FS], 33, 62, 64, 210 [GS]

Isis, 39, 133, 145, 149, 153, 168 [GS]

Isis-II, 296 [PS]

Islam (see also Moslems), 136 [FS], 81, 174 [GS]

islands, birth of, 418 [FS]

Isle of Man, 399 [FS]

Isle of Sheppey, 407 [FS]

Isle of Skye, 420-421 [FS]

isostatic rebound & equilibrium, 147, 204, 321 [PS]

isostatic rebound, 408 ff. [FS]

Israel (patriarch—see Jacob)

Israel, Israelites (see also Hebrews, Jews, Judah), 80, 204-207, 209, 223-224, 227, 268 [GS], 113 [PS], 104-105, 116-117, 119-123, 126, 129, 132-135, 144, 174, 198, 345, 347-348 [FS]

Isturitz, 269-270, 274 [FS]

Italian Polar Geographic Institute, 47 [FS]

Italy, 165, 177, 217, 412 [GS], 3, 174, 183, 240, 321, 355 [FS], 57, 180, 196 [PS]

Iton, 26 [GS]

Itonus, 26 [GS]

Ituri forest, 174 [PS], 174-175, 178, 198 [GS], 483-484 [FS]

Ituri Project Research Station, 175 [GS]

Itzamna, 209, 212 [FS]

Iupiter, Iuppiter (see Jupiter)

¸iva (see Shiva)

Ivanenko, D., 162 [PS]

ivory, 183 [FS]

Iwo Jima, 418 [FS]

Ixcozauhqui, 240 [GS]

Izapa, 90 [GS]

Izokh, E. P., 342 [FS]

 

J

 

Jablonski, David, 176, 178 [PS]

Jackson, Donald, 289 [GS]

Jacob (patriarch—also called Israel), 223-224 [GS], 119-120 [FS]

Jacobs, J. A., 349 [FS]

Jacobson, Homer, 344 [PS]

Jacoby, George, 76 [PS]

Jago, 485 [FS]

Jago, Lucy, 287, 291 [PS]

Jaguar Night Sun, 137 [FS]

jaguars, 137, 202, 203 [FS], 291 [GS]

Jah (see Yahweh)

Jamaica, 203 [PS]

James, Peter J., 5, 115 [GS], 193 [PS], 60, 61, 92, 387 [FS]

Jamieson, Thomas, 3, 409 [FS]

Jammu, 245 [FS]

Jangambari Math monastery, 243 [FS]

Jansa, Lubomir, 202 [PS]

Janus (Ianus), 165, 166, 167, 168, 169, 170, 170, 172-173, 178, 239, 252, 263, 264, 279, 306-307, 357, 358, 449 [GS], 217-218, 308, 312, 370 [FS]

Japan, Japanese, 143, 222, 227, 240, 294, 316, 358 [FS], 38, 275 [GS]

Jaroff, Leon, 361 [FS]

jasper, 182 [FS]

Jastrow, Jr., Morris, 62, 123, 125, 129, 130, 139, 147-148, 163, 208 [GS], 220 [FS]

Jastrow, Robert, 186, 222 [PS], 470 [GS]

Java, 201 [GS], 244, 402 [FS]

Jaworowski,  Zbigniew, 317, 319, 340 [PS]

Jayawardhana, Ray, 225, 491 [FS], 270, 357 [PS]

Jedidiah (see also Solomon), 209 [GS]

jeewanu, 15 [PS]

Jefferson, Thomas, 83 [GS]

Jeffreys, Harold, 379 [GS]

Jehovah (see Yahweh)

jellyfish, 41 [PS]

Jenkins, Gregory, 295 [GS], 36 [FS]

Jensen, Peter, 128 [GS]

Jerome, 206 [GS]

Jerome, St., 240 [FS]

Jerusalem (Urusalim, Yerushalem, Yerushalaim—see also Salem), 208-211, 211, 222 [GS], 116-117, 134-135 [FS]

Jesus (see also Christ), 244, 301, 396 [FS], 22, 241, 338, 434 [GS]

Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 27, 324 [PS], 43 [FS]

Jethro, 119 [FS]

jets, cosmic, 146-147, 227, 238, 248-252, 255-257, 260, 280-282, 285, 288, 492, 493, 493, 495, 496, 499, 510-511 [FS], 424, 426, 427, 427-428, 461-465, 472, 474-487, 489-491 [GS], 6, 7, 81, 84, 85, 231, 235, 245, 258 [PS]

jewelry (primitive), 171, 174, 183 [FS]

Jews (see also, Israelites, Hebrews): 104-105, 115, 117, 123, 127-128, 132, 136, 137, 144, 207-208, 235, 292, 300-302 [FS], 151, 204, 206, 224, 225, 429, 448 [GS]

Jezreel Valley, 148 [GS]

Jhelum River, 201 [FS]

Jicarilla Apache, 432 [GS]

Job (book of), 118, 299 [FS], 223, 226 [GS]

Job, 207 [FS], 226 [GS]

Johannesburg, 128 [PS]

Johns Hopkins University, 466 [GS]

Johnson, Art, 365 [GS]

Johnson, Ian C., 365, 366, 375, 377, 379, 384 [GS], 387 [FS], 252, 255 [PS]

Johnston Island, 296 [PS]

Jones, Alexander, 113 [GS]

Jones, William, 439 [GS]

Jordan, Pascual, 162 [PS]

Josephus (see Flavius Josephus)

Joshi, Manoj, 341 [PS], 348 [GS]

Josiah, 116-117, 127 [FS]

Journal of Classical Physics, 166 [PS]

Jove, Jovis (see Jupiter)

Judah, 209, 225 [GS]

Judah, kingdom of (see also Israel), 116-118, 123, 134-135 [FS]

Judaism, 136, 298, 301 [FS]

Jueneman, Frederic B., 246, 345-346, 348, 407, 422, 458-459, 460, 461, 463, 466 [GS], 34-35, 65, 140, 153, 331, 341, 353, 508 [FS], 59, 114, 128, 172, 306, 358 [PS]

Juergens, Ralph E., 154, 298, 302, 303, 323-324, 461 [GS], 159-160, 261, 285, 287-288, 313, 373, 373 [FS], 75, 240-241 [PS]

Julian the Apostate, 43, 100 [GS]

Jumbo (the elephant), 125 [PS]

Jung, Carl, 132 [FS], 137, 148, 206 [GS]

Junín, Lake, 314-315 [PS]

Jupiter (Iupiter, Iuppiter, Diespiter, Jove, Jovis, Iovis), 124-125, 228 [FS], 56, 57, 65, 78, 170, 410, 451 [GS]

Jupiter (planet), 1-3, 12-14, 27, 28, 54, 138, 152-155, 235, 272, 274-275, 281-282, 284, 326, 328, 346 [PS], 34, 53, 112, 124-125, 148-149, 155, 159, 161, 225, 228, 234, 257, 285, 287, 313, 319, 322, 324-328, 332, 492-493, 499-500 [FS], 47, 52, 55, 56, 61, 62, 63, 72, 75, 78, 108, 109, 110, 118, 130, 154-155, 156, 157 ff., 173, 180, 181, 182, 186, 191, 294, 299, 300, 302, 322, 323, 324, 326, 329, 336, 337, 345, 383, 400, 407, 408, 409-412, 415-419, 423, 458, 464, 467, 469, 470, 471, 478, 486 [GS]

Jupiter Effect, The, 373 [FS]

Jura mountains, 2 [FS], 37 [PS]

Jura-Museum, 117 [PS]

Jurakan (see Hurakan)

Jurassic Park, 102 [PS], 158 [FS]

Jurassic period, 16, 193, 194, 210, 212, 225 [PS], 297, 362, 375, 400 [GS], 9, 87 [FS]

Jurieu, Pierre, 47 [GS]

Justice (personified), 207-208, 210 [GS]

Juvenal, 165 [GS]

 

K

 

K’uei, 441 [GS]

Ka’aba, 136 [FS], 81, 82 [GS]

Kaaret, Philip, 281 [FS]

Kabbalah, 301-302 [FS]

kachina masks & dolls, 275, 276 [FS]

Kaei, 280 [GS]

Kahn, Jennifer, 466-467 [FS]

Kahoutek, Comet, 196 [PS]

Kai Ka’us, 149 [GS]

Kai Khusrau, 149 [GS]

Kai Kubad, 149 [GS]

Kaiho, Kunio, 210 [PS]

Kaimânu, 208 [GS], 138 [FS]

Kaiser, Tim, 441 [GS]

Kaiwân (see also Kewan), 208 [GS]

Kala, 231, 235 [FS], 233, 309-310 [GS]

Kala-cakra, (Kala-chakra) 309 [GS]

Kalahari Desert, 306 [PS]

Kalai, 212-213 [GS]

Kalakh (see Nimrud)

Kalakunchah, 233 [GS]

Kalakuyuwish, 449 [GS]

Kalaupapa Cliffs, 441, 442 [GS]

Kalhu (see Nimrud)

Kali Yuga, 395 [FS]

Kali, 31, 32, 33, 35, 56, 233 [GS]

Kalihi rock wallabies, 349 [PS]

kalpas, 395 [FS]

kanaga mask, 278 [FS]

Kandarya Mahadeva temple, 242 [FS]

Kane, 312 [FS]

kangaroo, giant, 445 [FS]

kangaroos, Hawaiian, 349 [PS]

Kansas, 98 [PS]

Kant, Immanuel, 277-279 [PS], 323 [GS]

Ka-ra (see Babylon)

Kara formation, 202 [PS]

Kara-indash, 106 [FS]

Karewa (geological series), 416 [FS]

Karewas, 417 [FS]

Karin asteroids, 4-5 [PS]

Karttikeya, 234, 235 [FS], 60, 61 [GS]

Kashmir, 67, 244-245, 417 [FS]

Kashmiris, 151 [GS]

Kasmir valley, 416-417 [FS]

Kassites, 141 [GS]

Kasting, James, 190 [GS]

Katz, Elihu, 268 [GS]

Kaufman, Alan Jay, 13 [FS]

Kaukabta, 33 [GS]

Kauleonaanahoa, 441, 442 [GS]

Kayan, 420, 421 [FS]

KBOs (see Kuiper Belt Objects) [FS]

Keath, Ed, 339 [FS]

Kebara Cave, 174 [FS]

Keck I telescope, 323 [PS]

Keel, William, 251 [FS]

Kees, Hermann, 439 [GS]

Keller, Gerta, 224-225, 257 [PS]

Keller, P. C. (photograph by), 278 [FS]

Keller, Werner, 135 [FS]

Kelley, David, 59 [GS]

Kelly, Allan, 195 [PS], 467 [FS]

Kelvin, Lord (William Thomson), 375 [FS], 378 [GS]

Kennedy, E. S., 108 [GS]

Kennett, James, 486 [FS]

Kenta pygmies, 280 [GS]

Kentucky, 284 [FS]

Kenya, 39 [PS]

Kenyon, Kathleen, 116 [FS]

Kenyon, Scott, 504 [FS]

Kepler, Johannes, 101, 108, 109, 110, 182 [GS], 316 [FS]

Kerenyi, Karl, 8 [GS]

Kerguelen Island, 18 [FS]

kerogen(s), 51-52, 56 [PS]

Kerr, Richard, 372 [GS]

Kerrigan, Michael, 403-404 [FS]

Kewan (Kevan; see also Kaiwân, Khevan), 206, 207, 208, 232 [GS], 142, 345 [FS]

Khajraho temple complex, 242 [FS]

Khepera, 274 [GS]

Khoisan (see Bushmen, Hottentots)

khu, khut, 227 [FS], 451, 451, 457 [GS]

Khurdadh, 151, 204 [GS]

Kiang, Nancy, 32 [PS]

Ki-din-nu (see Cidenas)

Kiev Observatory, 338 [FS]

Kiev, 179 [FS]

Kikak-Tegoseak, 252 [PS]

Kilah, 236 [FS]

Kilauea volcano, 220, 221 [PS]

Kilimanjaro, Mount, 311, 313, 315 [PS]

Kimberley Plateau, 403 [FS]

King James (version of Old Testament), 205, 206 [GS]

King of Light, 301 [FS]

King-Hele, Desmond, 254 [GS]

kings, 301 [FS]

Kings, II, 116 [FS]

Kingsmill (or Gilbert) Islands, 356 [GS]

kink instabilities (see plasma instabilities)

Kiowa, 461 [FS]

Kipp, Marlan, 280 [PS]

Kirkpatrick, Davy, 502 [FS]

Kirschvink, Joseph L., 12 [FS]

Kirshner, Robert, 72 [PS]

Kit Carson, Colorado, 457 [FS]

Klamath Indians, 422, 425 [FS]

Kluckhohn, Clyde, 4 [GS]

Knowlton, F. H., 369 [GS]

Knudtzon, J., 212 [GS]

Koakjuaq, 410 [FS]

Koch-Westenholz, Ulla, 138 [GS]

Koefels Crater, 442 [FS]

Kogan, Shulamit, 375 [FS]

Kojiki, 275 [GS]

Kokab Sabet, 204 [GS]

Kokomaht, 223 [FS]

Kola Peninsula, 81 [FS]

Kom Abu Yasin, 230-232 [GS]

Kon Tiki Viracocha, 218-219 [FS], 278-279, 357 [GS]

Konarak, 233 [GS]

Kong Karls Land, 80 [FS]

Köppen, Wladimir, 16 [FS]

Koppernik, Nicolaus (see Copernicus)

Koran, 94 [FS]

Korea, 93, 332 [GS]

Kosmos, 167, 168, 169 [GS]

Kow Swamp, 401-402 [FS]

Kozenko, A. V., 471 [GS]

Krakatoa, 31, 32, 33, 418 [FS]

Krasovskiy, V. I., 472 [FS]

Krauss, Lawrence, 157 [PS], Lawrence, 250 [GS], 491 [FS]

Kreichgauer, D., 392 [GS]

Kring, David, 238 [PS]

Krinsley, David, 10, 12 [FS]

Krishnan, M. S., 417 [FS]

Kristian, Jerome, 318 [FS]

Krita Yuga, 395 [FS]

KRONIA Communications, 265 [FS], 424, 461, 464, 487-488 [GS]

Kronia, 145 [FS], 241 [GS]

Kronios Okeanos (Saturnian Sea), 239 [GS]

Kronos, (Kruno, Cronos, Cronus) 28, 47, 50, 51, 52, 55, 56, 81, 120, 127, 129, 134-135, 137, 145, 148, 168, 169-170, 213, 217, 225, 239, 240, 241, 244, 252, 262-263, 265, 275, 306-307, 309, 311, 433, 449 [GS], 113-114, 125, 142, 209, 218, 231, 279-280, 303, 305, 313, 342, 347 [FS]

KRONOS, 177, 410 [GS]

Krueger, Harold, 153-154 [PS]

Kruglinski, Susan, 484 [FS]

Kruno (see Kronos)

Krupp, Edwin C., 104, 143, 238, 267, 375 [FS], 117, 173 [GS]

Kubatzki, Claudia, 26 [FS]

Kudritzki, Rolf-Peter, 76 [PS]

Kugler, Franz Xavier, 1, 117, 129 [GS]

Kuhn, Steve, 199 [FS]

Kuiper belt & Kuiper belt Objects, 34, 436-440, 467, 503-504 [FS], 12, 342, 344, 353-354 [PS]

Kuiper, Gerald, 155 [GS], 436 [FS]

Kukulkan (see also Quetzalcoatl), 156 [FS], 36, 312, 317, 436 [GS]

Kulkarni, Shrinivas, 148 [FS], 477 [GS]

Kultala, 289 [PS]

Kulyk, Christine, 93 [PS]

Kumar, Parvez, 115 [PS], 348 [GS]

Kumara, 234 [FS], 60 [GS]

Kuntillet ‘Ajrud, 135 [FS]

Kunzig, Robert, 22-23, 179, 485-486 [FS], 75-76 [PS]

Kurds, 151 [GS], 348 [FS]

Kurma Purana, 233 [GS]

Kurtén, Björn, 195 [FS]

Kuwait, 383 [FS]

Kwakiutl, 449, 450 [GS], 99 [FS]

Kwen-lun, 237 [GS]

Kwok, Sun, 470 [GS], 50-52 [PS]

Kybele, 78, 79 [GS]

Kyrgyzstan, 98 [PS]

Kyte, Frank, 205 [PS], 35-36 [FS]

 

L

 

La Azotea Observatory (photograph by), 242 [PS]

La Brea tar pits, La Brea Tar sands (see Rancho La Brea)

La Brea Woman, 68 [PS]

La Chapelle-aux-Saints, 177 [FS]

La Paz, Lincoln, 77 [GS]

La Ronge, 286 [PS]

La Silla, 226 [FS]

La Soufrière, 424 [FS]

La Violette, Paul, 339-340 [PS]

Laban, 223 [GS]

Labandiera, C., 221 [PS]

Labrador, 368, 372 [GS], 82, 84, 432 [FS]

Lachièze-Rey, Marc, 166 [PS]

Lachish, 135 [FS]

Lacombe, Charles, 88, 91 [GS]

Lactantius, 434 [GS]

Lada, Charles, 226 [FS]

Ladd’s Quarry, 203 [FS]

ladder (celestial), 274 [FS]

LaFontaine, Bruce (illustrations by), 109, 112 [GS], 150, 151, 164 [PS], 37, 39, 110, 111 [FS]

Lagash, 128 [GS], 302, 400 [FS]

Lagoa do Sumidouro, 478 [FS]

Lagoon Nebula, 462 [GS]

Lagrange, Joseph, 179 [GS]

Lahaina, 370 [GS]

Lahey Clinic, 216 [FS]

Laitman, Jeffrey, 174 [FS]

Lake Agassiz, 393 [FS]

Lake Asphaltites (see Dead Sea)

Lake Bonneville, 392 [FS]

Lake Champlain, 407, 426 [FS]

Lake Lahontan, 306 [PS]

Lake Missoula, 392, 414 [FS]

Lake Ontario, 426 [FS]

Lake Toya, 421 [FS]

Lake Victoria (Australia), 404 [FS]

Lakota (Sioux), 139, 370-371 [FS]

Lalande 21185, 325, 327 [GS]

Lamb, Hubert, 27-28 [FS]

Lamentations of Isis and Nephthys, 168 [GS]

Lamont Doherty Earth Observatory, 201 [PS]

Lamont-Doherty Geological Observatory, 5-6, 20 [FS]

Landsat 1 satellite (photograph by), 213 [PS]

landslides, 219, 225, 249 [PS], 442-443, 485-486, 512 [FS]

Lane, Richard, 448 [FS]

Langdon, Stephen Herbert, 123, 124-125, 127, 303 [FS], 125, 229 [GS]

Langmuir sheath(s), 159 [FS], 298, 482 [GS]

language, 91, 103, 167, 197, 209, 211 [FS]

Lao-tse, Lao-tze, Lao-tzu (see Lau-tzu)

Laplace, Pierre Simon, marquis de, 50 [PS], 179-180 [GS]

Lapland, Lapps, 6 [FS], 287 [PS]

larch trees, 376 [GS]

Large Magellanic Cloud, 71, 354-355 [PS]

Larousse Encyclopedia of Mythology, 24 [GS]

Larson, Roger, 59 [PS]

Las Vegas, 475 [FS]

Lascaux Cave, 176, 183-185, 341 [FS]

Laschamp event, Laschamp flip, 352 [FS]

Laskar, Jacques, 352 [PS]

Latins, 167, 168, 241 [GS], 235 [FS]

Laugerie Basse, 186 [FS]

Laughlin World Conference, 464, 488 [GS]

Laughlin, Gregory, 2 [PS], 470 [GS]

Laurasia, 10 [FS]

Lau-tzu (Lao-tse, Lao-tze), 218, 223 [FS], 263-264 [GS]

lava (see also volcanism), 58, 190 ff., 201, 220, 266 [PS]

Lavoisier, Antoine Laurent, 83 [GS]

Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, 363 [FS]

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 431 [FS]

Laws of Manu, 236, 270, 275, [GS], 294, 305 [FS]

Lawson, Douglas, 111-113 [PS]

Lawton, April, 279, 308-309 [PS]

Lazell, Jr., James, 349 [PS]

Leakey, Louis, 465 [FS]

Leakey, Richard, 465 [FS]

Least Interaction Action, Principle of, 181, 183 [GS], 320-321, 330 [FS]

Least Mean Potential Energy, Principle of, 181 [GS]

Lee, R. E., 319 [PS]

Leeming, David, 439 [GS]

Leg of Heaven (Leg of Fire), 439, 457 [GS]

Leibnitz, 101 [GS]

Leinen, M., 21 [FS]

Lemaître, Georges, 293-296 [FS], 68, 69 [GS]

Lemonick, Michael, 185, 429 [FS], 328, 333 [GS]

Lemstron, Selim, 289 [PS]

lemurs, flying, 365, 385, 400 [GS]

Lena River, 81, 206 [FS]

Lenaia, 444 [GS]

Leo (constellation), 117 [GS], 260 [FS]

Leonard, William, 179 [FS]

leopards, 205, 479 [FS]

Lepsius, 145 [GS]

Lepus (constellation), 148 [FS]

Lerner, Eric, 426, 462, 472, 474 [GS]

Leroi-Gourhan, Arlette, 178 [FS]

Les Eyzies, 180 [FS]

Les Trois Frères, 191 [FS]

Lethbridge, 457 [FS]

Levant (see Near East)

Leverrier, Urbain Jean Joseph, 14 [FS]

Leveson, David, 69 [GS]

Leviathan, 307, 309 [PS]

Levin, B. Y., 61 [PS]

Levine, Joel, 17-18, 26 [PS]

Levison, Harold, 334 [GS]

Lévi-Strauss, Claude, 2, 4 [GS]

Levy, David, 416 [GS]

Lewin, Roger, 128-129, 132 [PS], 465 [FS]

Lewis and Clark expedition, 460 [FS]

Lewis, John, 437, 489 [FS]

Lewis, Roy, 429-430 [FS]

Lewy, Hildegard, 134 [FS], 78, 81, 211 [GS]

Lewy, Julius, 207-209, 212-213 [GS]

Lhasa, 84 [FS]

Li Ki, 212 [FS]

Li, Shenghua, 84 [FS]

Liaoning Province, 97, 103-104, 108-109, 185, 192 [PS]

Libby, Willard F., 340 [FS]

Liber, 240 [FS]

lichens, 18, 265 [PS]

Lichtenberg figures, 240 [PS]

Lick Observatory (photograph by), 155 [PS]

Lieberman, Bruce, 227, 233 [PS]

Lief, Louise, 202 [FS]

life from space, 20, 22, 343-345 [PS]

life, origin of (see evolution)

light, speed of, 167 [PS]

lightland, 215 [GS]

lightning & electrical discharges (see also thunderbolts), 15, 26, 43, 47, 201, 226, 240, 245-246, 344-346 [PS], 42, 148, 367, 434, 484 [FS], 197, 198, 293, 463, 484 [GS]

lignin, 44 [PS]

lignite (see coal)

lilies, water, 368 [GS]

Liller, William, 333, 335 [FS]

Limbo, 432 [GS]

limestone formations, 24, 163 [FS]

limestone, 56, 60, 97, 196-197, 208 [PS]

Lin, Douglas, 180, 250-251, 326 [GS], 251 [FS]

Lindey, Everett, 222 [PS]

Linear B, 115 [GS], 92 [FS]

Linear, Comet, 5 [PS]

Linga Purana, 230-231, 233-235, 289 [FS], 61, 131, 233, 236, 284, 446 [GS]

linga, lingam, 237-239, 241-243, 243, 244, 244-245, 248, 280, 289 [FS]

Lingayat, 242 [FS]

Liniger, H., 472 [FS]

Link, T., 61 [PS]

lions, 265 [PS], 6, 84, 169, 205, 479 [FS]

Lipps, Jerre, 465 [FS]

Lipsitz, Rebecca, 98 [PS]

Lister, Adrian, 463 [FS]

lithium, 296 [FS]

lithospheric bulge (lunar), 256-257 [GS]

lithospheric bulge (Martian), 258, 259 [GS]

lithospheric bulge (terrestrial), 253-256, 257-258, 459, 466 [GS]

Little Bear (see Ursa Minor)

Little Ice Age, 28, 46 [FS]

Little Yellows (see Eurema lisa)

Liu, Michael, 471 [GS]

Li-yun, 213 [FS]

lizards, 365 [GS]

llamas, 202, 214 [FS], 351 [PS], 493 [GS]

llautu, 214 [FS]

Lloyd, Andy, 337-338 [FS]

loadstones, 291 [PS]

Loango Coast, 165 [GS]

Loch Lomond, 355 [FS]

Loch Ness, 57 [PS]

Loeb Classical Library, 54 [GS]

loess, 393, 394 [FS]

Lompoc, 427 [FS], 57 [PS]

London, 378 [GS], 473 [FS]

Long, Daniel, 161 [PS]

Longisiquama, 98 [PS]

Loomis, Elias, 286 [PS]

Lord of the Center of Heaven, 143 [FS]

Lorentz, Hendrik, 165 [PS]

Lorius, Claude, 322 [PS]

Lorton, David, 268 [GS]

Los Alamos National Laboratory, 160, 276 [FS], 472, 488 [GS]

Los Angeles, 56, 65 ff. [PS], 67, 436, 471 [FS]

lotus (mythological), 294, 304-306 [FS]

Louisiana, 65 [PS]

Louisville, 284 [FS]

Lounsbury, Floyd, 92 [GS]

Lourdes, 190 [FS]

Louw, Graham, 132 [PS]

Lovelock, James, 295 [GS]

Lovett, Richard, 311 [PS]

Lowenstein, Tom, 436 [GS], 98 [FS]

Lowery, Malcolm, 395 [FS]

LP 944-20, 333-334 [FS], 477 [GS]

Lu-Bat Dir, 130 [GS]

Lu-Bat Sag-Us (see (Mul) Lu-Bat Sag-Us)

Lucan (Marcus Annaeus Lucanus), 345 [FS]

Lucas, Phil, 334, 335, 336 [GS]

Luce, 83 [GS]

Lucian of Samosata, 56 [GS]

Lucifer, 206 [GS]

Luck, Jean-Marc, 199 [PS]

Lucretius, 213 [FS], 63 [GS]

Ludwig, K. R. , 24 [FS]

Lughnasad, 353, 354 [GS]

Lunar and Planetary Institute, 332 [GS]

Lunik 2 spacecraft, 290 [PS]

Luquet, G. H., 420 [FS]

Lutz, Anne, 402, 403 [GS]

Lutz, Frank, 20 [PS]

Lycia, 241 [GS]

Lycopod trees, 11, 132-133 [PS]

lycopods, 295, 296, 297 [GS]

Lydians, 106 [GS]

Lydus, Joannes, 169-170, 172, 307 [GS], 218 [FS]

Lyell, Charles, 3, 413, 464-465, 469, 505 [FS], 363, 364 [GS], 47, 178, 187 [PS]

lynxes, 65 [PS]

Lyttleton, R. A., 140-141 [PS], 470 [GS]

 

M

 

M dwarfs (see Brown dwarf stars & red dwarf stars)

M22, 467 [GS]

M2-9 (see Butterfly Nebula)

M81, 156 [PS]

M82, 316 [FS]

M87, 146, 257, 281 [FS], 465, 483, 485 [GS]

Ma, Ting Ying, 391-394, 395 [GS]

MacDonald, G. J. F., 375 [FS]

MacFarlane, J. M., 56-57 [PS]

Machito, 357 [GS]

Mackenzie River, 169 [FS]

Mackenzie, Donald A., 92, 99, 104, 113, 125, 212, 472 [FS], 25, 129, 434 [GS]

MacLeod, Ken, 205 [PS]

MacPhee, Ross, 451-453 [FS]

MacRobert, Alan, 155, 260 [FS], 54 [PS]

Macrobius, Ambrosius The-odosius, 100, 137, 172, 306 [GS]

Madagascar, 147 [PS], 369 [GS], 8 [FS]

Maddox, John, 468 [FS]

Madhyastha, 232 [FS]

Madras, 442 [GS]

Magdalenian culture, 194-195, 200, 268, 269-270, 274, 279, 340-341 [FS]

Magellanic Cloud, Large, 250 [GS], 318, 429 [FS]

Magi, 301 [FS]

magic, sympathetic, 175-176, 183, 185, 189, 252 [FS]

Magna Mater, 78 [GS]

magnesium, 192 [PS]

magnesium-26, 343 [FS]

magnetic field (Martian), 400-401 [GS]

magnetic field (Mercurian), 400 [GS]

magnetic field (solar), 61, 436 [FS]

magnetic field (terrestrial—see also geomagnetic field), 187, 189, 398-399 [GS]

magnetic field (Venerian), 400 [GS]

magnetic fields (other than terrestrial), see electromagnetic fields

magnetic orientation (geologic), 12 [FS]

magnetic pole (Jovian), 400 [GS]

magnetic pole (Neptunian), 400 [GS]

magnetic pole, north, 52 [FS]

magnetic pole (Saturnian), 400, 418 [GS]

magnetic pole (terrestrial), 398-400, 418 [GS]

magnetic pole (Uranian), 400 [GS]

magnetism (in space), 179, 418 [GS]

magnetopause, solar (see heliopause)

magnetospheres (see also plasmaspheres), 298 ff., 302, 464, 486 [GS], 160, 257-258, 335-337, 366-367, 369 [FS], 74, 77, 299, 301, 326, 327-328, 336 [PS]

magnetotail (see magnetosphere) [GS]

magnets & magnetism (see also under electromagnetic fields), 164-165, 289, 291 [PS]

magnolias, 368 [GS]

Magnou, 180 [FS]

magus (see Parthian magus) [GS]

Magyary  phenomenon, 150 [PS]

Mahakala, 236, 310 [GS]

Mahaketuh, 283 [FS]

mahayugas, 395 [FS]

Maiana, 218 [FS]

Maiasaurs, 98, 184, 192 [PS]

Maidu, 371, 390 [FS]

Maire-Monan, 481 [FS]

Maitri Upanishad, 311, 440 [GS]

maize, 407 [FS]

Majewski, Steven, 355-356 [PS]

Makela, Robert, 98, 184 [PS]

Makiritare, 217, 337 [GS]

Makovicky, Peter, 89 [PS]

Malagasy, 61 [PS]

Malak Bel, 303-304 [FS]

Malay Charmbook, 305 [GS]

Malaya, 280 [GS], 307 [FS]

Malaysia, 402 [FS]

Malchus (see Porphyry) [GS]

Malhotra, Renu, 332 [GS], 436 [FS]

Mali, 173-174, 178, 201 [GS], 275 [FS]

Malmström, Vincent, 38, 89-90 [GS]

Malta, 442 [GS]

Maltese, 235 [FS]

mammals, 158, 164, 453, 461-463, 478-479, 508 [FS], 91-92, 101-103, 117, 133, 176, 179, 188-189, 211, 255 [PS], 65, 125, 129, 264-265, 351 [PS]

mammoths, 76, 77, 77, 79, 81, 84, 168, 169, 170, 183-184, 188-189, 205, 444-446, 448, 449, 450, 451, 451, 452, 452-456, 460-463, 467, 476, 479-480 [FS]

mammoths, dwarf, 453 [FS]

Mandaeans, 300 [FS]

Mandelkehr, Moe, 276-277 [PS], 60, 358, 360, 362, 364, 410 [FS]

Manetho, 78 [GS]

Mani, 301 [FS]

Manichaeans, 142, 301 [FS]

Manicouagan crater, 211-212, 213, 220 [PS]

Mankato glaciation, 18 [FS]

Manley, H., 369 [FS]

Manson structure, 202 [PS]

Mantura, A. J., 73 [FS]

Manu (see also Laws of Manu), 439, 440 [GS], 227, 396 [FS]

Manu, Laws of (see Laws of Manu)

Manuel, Frank E., 136, 215, 419 [FS]

Maori—(see also Ngaitahu), 309, 311, 446, 447, 469 [FS]

Marchal, Charles-Henri, 244, 248 [FS]

Marcus Aurelius Antoninus (Elagabalus), 78, 79, 82, 139, 314 [GS]

Marcy, Geoffrey, 327, 328, 333 [GS], 8 [PS]

Marduk, 125, 133-134 [FS], 62, 63, 147 [GS]

Mare Imbrium, 241, 242 [PS]

Margalit, Baruch, 268 [GS]

Margulis, Lynn, 19-20 [PS]

Mari, 224 [GS]

Marianne islands, 241 [FS]

Mariette-Bey, 142-143 [GS]

Mariner 10, 400 [GS]

Mariner 2, 302 [GS], 290 [PS]

Marketplace Constellation (see Pleiades)

Marley, Mark, 149, 333 [FS], 272 [PS], 467 [GS]

Marmar (see Mars)

Marmara, Sea of, 394 [FS]

Marquesas Islands, 264, 271 [GS]

Mars (deity—Marspiter, Mavors, Marmar), 56 [GS], 234-235 [FS]

Mars (planet), 1, 224, 323 [PS], 52, 55, 56, 59, 60, 61, 62, 118, 129, 130, 180, 181, 182, 186, 190, 197, 198, 210, 258, 259, 379, 400-403, 407, 410, 443, 459, 470 [GS], 54-55, 112, 153-154, 228, 234-235, 283, 319, 324-327 [FS]

Marsden, Brian, 138 [PS]

Marsh, Benjamin, 289 [PS]

Marshack, Alexander, 186, 193-195 [FS]

Marshall Space Flight Center, 298 [PS], 298 [GS]

Marshall, S. J., 82 [FS]

Marspiter (see Mars) [GS]

Martill, David, 113 [PS]

Martin, Eduardo, 225 [FS], 477 [GS]

Martin, Paul, 461 [FS]

Martinique, 424 [FS]

Mary, mother of Jesus, 244 [FS]

Maryland, 466 [GS]

Maryland, University of, 32, 220 [PS]

Masai Mara, 39 [PS]

Masiakasaurus knopfleri, 350 [PS]

Masks of God, The, 35 [GS]

Maspero, Gaston, 266 [GS]

mass, 259, 280, 495 [FS], 78, 81, 82, 134, 138, 140-143, 145-147, 149-150, 160-161, 163-164, 168-169, 270-271, 327 [PS]

Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 14 [PS]

Massachusetts, 216 [FS]

Massachusetts, University of, 355 [PS]

Massey, Gerald, 231, 243, 439 [GS]

Massoretic Text, 206-207, 222 [GS]

mastodons, 65, 129, 265 [PS], 77, 172, 188, 427, 428, 444, 450-451, 453, 456, 479 [FS]

Matese, John, 217 [PS]

Mather, Kirtley, 394 [GS]

Matthai, 393 [GS]

Matthew, Patrick, 175 [PS]

Matthews, Robert, 41 [FS]

Matthews, Samuel, 22 [FS]

Matthiae, Paolo, 122 [FS]

Maui, 370 [GS]

Mauna Kea, 3, 25 [FS], 311 [PS]

Mauna Loa, 3, 25 [FS], 311 [PS]

Mavors (see Mars) [GS]

Maxwell, James Clerk, 162 [PS], 351 [FS]

May Day, 353 [GS]

May, Hank, 329 [PS]

Maya, 1, 64 [PS], 114, 137-138, 151, 154, 156, 209, 211, 222, 292, 306-307 [FS], 23-24, 59, 84 ff., 90 ff., 289, 312, 436 [GS]

mayflies, 114 [PS], 347 [GS]

Mayor, Michel, 325 [GS]

Mayr, Ernst, 349 [PS]

Mazama, Mount, 422-423, 424, 424 [FS]

Mazeh, Tsevi, 333 [GS]

Mbayá, 155 [FS], 284 [GS]

Mbelek, Jean-Paul, 166 [PS]

Mbomvei, 438 [FS]

McAlistair, Hal, 260-261 [FS]

McCanney, James, 60 [FS], 138 [PS]

McCarthy, Donald, 375 [FS]

McCaughrean, Mark, 8 [PS]

McCrea, W. H., 1-2, 304 [PS], 470 [GS]

McCready Price, George, 58, 66-68 [PS]

McDonald, K. L., 349 [FS]

McDowell, Charles, 276 [PS]

McGowan, Christopher, 123 [PS]

McKay, Chris, 294 [GS]

McKenzie, R., 180 [GS]

McKie, Robin, 132 [PS]

McKittrick (California), 65 [PS]

McLaren, Digby J., 413 [FS], 195, 214, 215 [PS]

McLean, Dewey, 220, 223 [PS]

McMurdo Station, 324 [PS]

McNally, D., 155, 157 [GS]

McNeill Alexander, R., 128 [PS]

Meadowcroft Rockshel-ter, 267, 311 [PS]

Meadows, Victoria, 31 [PS]

Mecca, 136 [FS], 81 [GS]

Mech, David, 367 [GS]

Medes, 106 [GS]

Mediterranean, 182, 394, 399 [FS], 371, 453 [GS]

Megaraptor namunhuai-quii, 118, 170 [PS]

megasaurs (see also under dinosaurs), 117 ff., 122 ff., 138-139, 150, 170, 172, 174 [PS]

Megatherium, 134, 135 [PS], 202, 203, 476, 478 [FS]

Mei long, 185 [PS]

Melanesia, 175, 399, 402 [FS]

Melanocetus, 287 [GS]

melatonin, 216 [FS]

Melkart, 123 [FS], 432 [GS]

Melos, 54 [GS]

Melosh, Jay, 280 [PS]

Melott, Adrian, 232-233 [PS]

Memphis, 194 [GS]

Mena (see Menes)

MENA, 160 [FS]

Mendelkehr, Moe, 222 [FS]

Méndez, Roberto, 75-76 [PS]

Menelaus, 16 [GS]

Menes (Mena), 20 [GS]

Menon, Shanti, 114, 170 [PS], 348 [GS]

Menu, 214 [GS]

Menzel 3 (see Ant Nebula)

Menzel, Donald, 29 [FS]

Merali, Zeeya, 214, 219 [PS]

Mercanton, P. L., 355 [FS]

Mercer, J. H., 20 [FS]

Mercer, Samuel, 134 [GS]

Mercurius (see Mercury)

Mercury (Mirqurius, Mercurius), 56, 58, 314 [GS]

Mercury (planet), 1, 155, 224 [PS]52, 54, 55, 61, 62, 65, 99, 101, 118, 129, 130, 180, 181, 182, 186-187, 188, 210, 314, 326, 400, 470 [GS], 54-55, 112, 228 [FS]

Merriam, J., 66 [PS]

Mesa Verde National Park, 275 [FS]

Mesha, 122, 135 [FS]

Mesha Stele (Moabite Stone), 122, 135 [FS]

Mesoamerica, Mesoamericans, 109, 151, 209 [FS], 37-38, 59, 83 ff., 90 ff., 153, 314-315, 436 [GS], 64 [PS]

Mesolithic age, 199, 206, 341, 480 [FS]

Mesopotamia, 35, 125, 141, 229, 280 [GS], 64, 92, 104, 112, 122, 124, 132-133, 138, 298, 302, 400 [FS]

mesosphere, (see atmosphere) [FS]

Mesozoic era, 16, 162, 186 [PS], 297, 362-363, 374, 375, 400 [GS], 9, 66, 87, 377 [FS]

Messier 87, 146 [FS]

metallurgy, 469 [FS]

meteorology, 169, 271, 307 [PS]

meteorites, meteoroids, meteors, and micrometeorites (also shooting stars), including impacts, 34, 35-36, 38, 42, 52, 54, 77 ff., 82 ff., 108-109, 113, 164, 222, 248, 325, 326, 329, 362, 364, 414, 429-433, 437-438, 440-441, 443, 458, 466, 473, 500-501 [FS], 67, 77 ff., 82 ff., 113 [GS], 15, 49, 60, 61-62, 146, 195, 197, 199-201, 212, 223-226, 231, 234, 239, 245, 248, 263, 277, 279, 304, 305, 340, 343-344, 346 [PS]

meteorites, lunar, 280 [PS]

methane, 12, 331, 431, 484-486, 488, 496-497 [FS], 15, 17, 54-55, 60, 269, 273 [PS]

Meton, 107 [GS]

Metonic cycle, 107 [GS]

Metraux, A., 284 [GS], 309 [FS]

Metrodorus of Chios, 109 [FS], 113 [GS]

Mewhinney, Sean 322 [PS], 49 [FS]

Mexico, Mexicans, 40, 84, 89-90, 436 [GS], 151, 203, 240, 430, 450, 455, 471 [FS], 45, 113, 180, 203, 205, 223, 224, 226, 285 [PS]

Mexico, Gulf of (see Gulf of Mexico)

Mezin, 184 [FS]

Miami, 285 [FS]

mice, 125 [PS]

Michael, Archangel, 105 [FS]

Michel, Helen, 196 [PS]

Michelangelo, 121 [FS]

Michigan, 452 [FS], 57 [PS]

Michigan, University of, 13 [PS]

microbes, 32, 58 [PS], 484-486 [FS]

Micronesia, 279 [GS], 399 [FS]

Microraptor gui, 108 [PS]

Mid Atlantic Ridge, 354, 485 [FS]

mid ocean ridges, 353, 366 [FS]

middens, 360-361, 362 [FS]

Middle Ages, 45, 206 [GS]

Middle East, 222 [FS]

Middle Kingdom (Egyptian), 62 [GS]

midges, 289 [GS]

midgets, 482 [FS]

Midian, Midianites, 119, 121-122 [FS]

mid-ocean ridges, 35 [PS]

Midwest, American, 295 [GS]

Mienert, Jürgen, 485-486 [FS]

Migraine, Project, 508 [FS]

migraines (see headaches)

Milankovitch, Milutin (& Milankovitch theory) 16-27, 31, 33, 48, 57, 109, 507 [FS], 260, 341 [PS]

Milbrath, Susan, 59 [GS]

Milgrom, Mordechai, 157 [PS]

Milky Way Galaxy (see also Galaxy), 23-24, 165, 314, 336, 462, 472 [GS], 46, 257, 367, 433 [FS], 8, 50, 52, 54, 74, 77, 80, 155-156, 162, 168, 216, 227, 231, 239, 245, 269, 272, 304, 343, 353-357 [PS]

Milky Way theory, 216-217 [PS]

Miller, Gifford, 30 [FS]

Miller, Hugh, 57 [PS]

Miller, Morton, 216 [FS]

Miller, O. D., 143 [GS]

Miller, Ron, 414 [FS]

Miller, Stanley, 17, 343 [PS]

millipedes, 133 [PS], 289 [GS]

Milsom, John, 354-355, 360 [FS]

Milton, Earl R., 58, 508 [FS], 142, 159 [PS], 407 [GS]

Milton, Jacqueline, 220 [GS]

Milton, Richard, 44 [PS]

Milwaukee, 177 [FS]

Min, 443 [GS]

mineralization (fossiliz-ation), 184-186 [PS]

Minkowski, R., 484 [GS]

Minnesota, 306 [PS]

Minoan civilization, 414 [FS]

Minoans, 28 [GS]

Minton, Michael, 499 [FS]

Miocene epoch, 16 [PS], 361-363 [GS], 9, 38, 505 [FS]

miracles, 244 [FS]

Mirqurius (see Mercury)

mirror image, 273, 275, 275, 276, 277, 278 [FS]

Mishkan, 206 [GS]

missionaries, 174 [GS]

Mississippi River, 426, 479, 485 [FS]

Mississippian epoch, 16 [PS], 362 [GS], 9 [FS]

Missoula, Lake (see Lake Missoula)

Missouri, 295 [GS], 52, 455 [FS]

Missouri-Columbia, University of, 205 [PS]

Mithra, 241, 242, 265 [GS]

mitochondria, 12, 125 [PS]

Mixtec, 277, 317 [GS]

moa, 446, 447 [FS]

Moab, 135 [FS], 210 [GS]

Moabite Stone (see Mesha Stele)

Modified Newtonian Dynamics (see MOND)

Mohanty, Subhanjoy, 491 [FS], 81 [PS]

Mohenjo-Daro, 241 [FS]

Mojave Desert, 22, 361 [FS]

Molchanov, A. M., 181 [GS], 320 [FS]

mollies, 289 [GS]

mollusks (see also shells), 17, 85, 425-426 [FS]

Molnya 1, 186 [GS]

Moloch, 205, 206-207 [GS]

Molokai, 441, 442 [GS]

molybdenum, 15 [PS], 286 [GS]

Monan, 481 [FS]

Monastersky, Richard, 267 [PS]

MOND, 157-158 [PS]

Mongolia, 109, 249 [PS], 70, 418 [FS]

monotremes, 92 [PS]

monsoons, 26 [FS]

Montagnais structure, 202 [PS]

Montana, 75, 392 [FS], 98, 110, 117, 184, 197, 219, 222, 255 [PS]

Monte Bolca, 57 [PS]

Montespan, 183 [FS]

Montgomery, J. A., 148 [GS]

Montpellier Observatory, 31 [FS]

Montreal, 30, 426 [FS]

Montreal, University of, 232 [PS]

Moon (deity), 124 [FS]

Moon (satellite), 43, 47, 102, 109, 112, 140, 150-152, 156, 168, 193-195, 223, 258, 290, 292-293, 306, 308, 320, 375, 510-511 [FS], 13, 142, 147, 150, 224, 231, 233, 241, 243, 269, 273, 279-280, 309 [PS], 23-24, 51, 67, 84, 96, 99, 105-108, 116-118, 122-123, 128, 132, 148, 162, 165, 173, 177, 178, 180, 187, 190, 192, 201, 202, 203, 220, 221, 253, 256-258, 275-276, 278, 280, 282, 286, 303, 304, 305, 311, 321-323, 341, 344, 357, 417, 453-454, 491, 492 [GS]

Moon, Mountain of the (see Sinai, Mount)

moons (see satellites)

Moore, Patrick, 220 [GS]

moose, 444 [FS]

moraines, 2, 3, 62, 74-75 [FS], 265, 314-315 [PS]

Moravia, 194-195 [FS]

Morgenstern, Julius, 225 [GS], Julius, 299 [FS]

Mori, Koji, 250 [FS]

Morledge, Paul, 432 [FS]

Morning Star, 33, 36, 37, 38, 39, 54-55, 59, 61, 62, 90, 315 [GS]

Mornington Peninsula, 403 [FS]

Moro, Antonio, 419 [FS]

Morocco, 120, 170 [PS], 17 [GS]

Morris, Donald, 363 [FS]

Morrison, Dave, 43 [FS]

Morrison, Philip, 155 [PS]

Moscow, 3, 183 [FS]

Moses, 119-120, 121, 122, 124-126, 132-133, 135, 208 [FS], 205, 206, 207, 448 [GS]

Moslems, Muslims (see also Islam), 81 [GS], 94, 136 [FS]

moss(es), 293 [GS], 19, 20, 26, 265 [PS]

Moss, Ken, 137, 209 [FS], 285-286, 288 [PS], 465, 482, 487 [GS]

Mot, 266, 433, 446 [GS], 304-305 [FS], 63 [PS]

moth, peppered, 181 [FS]

moths, 265 [PS]

Motolina, Toribo, 90 [GS]

Motz, Lloyd, 279, 309 [PS]

Moulton, F. R., 154 [GS]

mound builders, 241 [FS]

Mount Palomar Observatory, 148 [FS]

Mount St. Helens, 191 [PS], 384 [FS]

mountains & mountain building (see also under own names & under diastrophism), 36-37, 309 [PS]

Mousterian culture, 200 [FS]

Mozambique, 201 [GS]

Mrule, 441 [GS]

Mshtyw (see also Big Dipper), 231, 232 [GS]

muck, Arctic, see Arctic muck

Muck, Otto, 47 [FS]

mud, 56, 58 [PS]

Mudie, Peta, 82 [FS]

mudslides, 71, 443 [FS]

Muench, Agust, 226 [FS]

Muhammad, 306 [GS]

Muiscas, 284 [GS], 309 [FS]

(Mul) Lu-Bat Sag-Us, 121, 122, 123, 125, 129, 213 [GS]

Mullen, William, 106, 144-145, 146, 184 [GS], 395 [FS]

Müller, Max, 167 [GS]

Muller, Richard, 215-217 [PS], 363 [FS]

Mumbai, 225 [PS]

Mundaka Upanishad, 309 [GS]

Munk, Walter, 396 [GS], 375 [FS]

muons, 231 [PS]

Murchison, R. I., 62 [FS]

murders, 508 [FS]

Muria, 275 [GS]

Murray, Alexander, 168 [GS]

Murray, Gilbert, 4, 5, 8 [GS]

Murtonen, A., 124, 126 [FS], 223, 224, 225 [GS]

music (primitive), 171-172, 174, 252 [FS]

musical instruments (unspecified, primitive), 172 [FS]

musicians, primitive, 174 [FS]

musk oxen, 168, 444 [FS], 265 [PS]

Muslims (see Moslems)

mussels, 286 [GS], 404 [FS]

Musser, George, 367 [FS]

mutation, 181, 429, 473-477, 480-484, 512 [FS], 82, 227, 228, 231, 236, 349-351 [PS]

Mutwa, Vusamazulu Credo, 307-308 [FS]

MWC 349, 467-468 [GS]

Mycenaean script, 92 [FS]

Mycenaeans, 28 [GS]

MyCn18 (see Hourglass Nebula)

Mylodon, 202 [FS]

Myra, 241 [GS], 95 [FS]

mythology, 343, 349 [PS]

 

N

 

Na Arean, 218 [FS]

Naareau the Elder, 197 [GS]

Nabonassar, 112 [FS], 66, 117, 118 [GS]

Nabu (see Nebo)

Naeye, Robert, 224, 495 [FS], 80 [PS]

Nag Hammadi, 300 [FS]

Nagasaki, 236 [PS], 473 [FS]

Nahua, 151, 307 [FS], 277 [GS]

Nakovana cave, 441 [GS]

Ñamandu, 151, 155 [FS]

Ñamanduí (Ñamandu Fa­ther), 284 [GS]

Namibia, 11, 13, 440-441 [FS]

Namur, 479 [FS]

naphtha (asphalt, bitumen, tar), 51, 56, 58-61, 63-69, 320 [PS], 507 [FS]

Napier, Bill, 21, 38, 40, 46, 363-364 [FS], 25-26, 50, 190, 257, 263, 279 [PS], 66, 73, 75, 76, 185 [GS]

Napoleon Bonaparte, 341 [PS]

Narayan(a), 61, 429 [GS], 238 [FS]

Narayana, Hymn of, 429 [GS]

Narlikar, Jayant, 280-281 [FS], 483 [GS]

NASA, 159, 190, 254, 298, 303, 327, 328, 401 [GS], 41-43, 148, 250, 276 [FS], 9, 12, 27, 32, 145, 205, 290, 298, 324 [PS]

NASA, illustrations courtesy of, 368, 496, 497, 498, 499 [FS], 7, 28, 29, 30, 53, 83, 152, 153, 154, 156, 160, 213, 240, 243, 244, 245, 246, 278, 285, 292, 297, 300, 302, 303, 325, 326, 329, 330, 331, 332, 333, 334, 336 [PS]

NASA Science News, 152 [PS]

Nashville, 469 [GS]

Natchez, 479 [FS]

National Aeronautics and Space Administration (see NASA)

National Geographic Society, 98 [PS]

National Geographic, 82, 448, 451 [FS], 98, 147, 190 [PS]

National Museum of Natural History, 430 [FS]

National Museum of Natural Sciences (Ottawa), 229 [PS]

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (photograph by), 284 [FS]

National Science Foundation, 477 [GS]

NATO Advanced Study Institute in Dynamical Astronomy, 321 [FS]

Natu, Ganesha, 234, 235 [FS]

Natural Environment Research Council, 488 [FS]

natural selection (see also evolution), 175-176 [PS]

Nature, 161, 257 [PS], 326, 376 [GS], 40, 320-321, 464, 468 [FS]

naupa runa, 339 [GS]

Nauroz (Naw Ruz), 151, 153, 169, 204 [GS], 145 [FS]

Nauru, 151 [FS]

Navajo, 151 [FS], 87 [GS]

Naw Ruz (see Nauroz)

Nazi(s), 28 [GS]

N-body problem, 182 [GS]

Neander Valley, 170, 172 [FS]

Neanderthal Man, Neanderthals, 43 [GS], 170-172, 172, 173, 174-184, 195-205, 209, 258, 341, 394, 450, 478, 479, 483 [FS], 264 [PS]

Near East, Levant, 180, 182, 197-198, 222, 341, 431 [FS], 35, 78, 138, 453 [GS]

Neb-er-tcher, 145, 274 [GS]

Nebo (city), 135 [FS]

Nebo (Nabu), 62, 65, 210 [GS]

Nebraska, 471 [FS]

Nebraska, University of, 320 [PS]

Nebrod (see Nimrod)

nebula, nebulae, 271 [GS]

nebulae, cosmic (see also under own name), 50, 51, 76, 292, 298, 329 ff. [PS]

nebular disks, nebular cloud (see also accretion disks, nebular disks, placental cloud), 265, 271, 273, 283, 304, 306, 320, 341, 382, 385, 457, 470 [GS]

nebular dust, see dust, cosmic

Necessity, spindle of, 434 [FS]

Negev, 135 [FS]

Negrito, 483 [FS]

Negroes, 201 [GS], 25 [PS], 482-484 [FS]

Nellis, William, 431 [FS]

Nemesis (death star), 216-217, 234 [PS]

Nemesis (goddess), 216 [PS]

Nemesis (solar companion), 324 [GS]

Neo-Babylonians, 62 [GS]

Neolithic age, 195, 199, 206, 239, 241, 274-275, 277, 339, 341, 479-480, 483 [FS]

Neolithic art, 195, 206 [FS]

Neoplatonism, Neoplatonists, 43, 101 [GS]

Neoproterozoic, 10-12 [FS]

Nephthys, 39, 168 [GS]

Neptune (planet), 3, 54, 138-139, 144, 282 [PS], 65, 154-155, 319, 326, 431, 435-436, 504 [FS], 72, 181, 186, 187, 322, 326, 328, 329, 332, 400, 411, 470, 471 [GS]

Nergal, 105 [FS], 62, 131, 210, 213 [GS]

Nesi-Khonsu Papyrus, 193 [GS]

Nestor, 16 [GS]

Neter-ta, 231 [GS]

Netrer-ta-Mehti (see Neter- ta)

Netzahualpilli, 84 [GS]

Neuchâtel, Lake, 355 [FS]

Neugebauer, Otto, 96 [GS]

neutrinos, 248-249, 250, 251, 416 [GS], 71, 158, 231 [PS]

neutron stars, 260 [FS], 72, 228, 231, 233 [PS]

neutrons, 236 [PS]

Nevada, 22, 24, 361 [FS], 306 [PS]

New Agers, 245 [FS]

New Brunswick, University of, 212 [PS]

New England, 3 [FS]

New Guinea, 399, 402-403, 466 [FS]

New Hebrides, 197 [GS]

New Jersey, 203 [PS], 6, 471 [FS]

New Mexico, 109, 118, 184, 197, 222 [PS], 339, 477, 488 [GS], 96, 215, 275, 276, 454, 456, 478, 488 [FS]

New Millennium Observa­tory, 287 [GS]

New Scientist, 20, 45, 259 [FS], 251, 366 [GS]

New Siberian Islands, 492 [GS], 80-81, 84, 206 [FS]

New Technology Telescope, 226 [FS]

New Testament (see also Bible), 205, 448 [GS], 396 [FS]

New Year festival(s), 151, 153, 169, 241, 312, 314 [GS], 144-145 [FS]

New York Academy of Science, 16 [FS]

New York City, 3, 442 [FS]

New York State, 201 [PS]

New York Times, The, 222 [PS]

New Zealand, 197, 200 [PS], 3, 28, 309, 311, 407, 442, 446, 469 [FS]

Newcomb, Simon, 99, 378 [GS]

Newfoundland, 82, 84 [FS]

Newgrosh, Bernard (a.k.a. Brendan O’Gheoghan), 177, 192 [GS], Bernard, 22 [FS], Bernard, 70 [PS]

Newton, Isaac, 112 [FS], 149, 150, 151, 154-158, 162-163 [PS], 65-66, 66, 97, 101, 107, 109, 111 [GS]

Newton, Robert, 97, 99 [GS]

Nga, 275 [GS]

Ngaitahu (see also Maori), 309 [FS]

NGC 1333 IRAS 4A, 335 [PS]

NGC 4486, 146 [FS]

NGC 7027, 50 [PS]

NGC 7538, 467 [GS]

NGC 7635 (see Bubble Nebula)

Niagara Falls, 49 [FS]

Nias, 264, 279, 280 [GS]

Niaux, 200 [FS]

Nicaea, Council of, 299 [FS]

Nice, 409 [FS]

Nicholas of Cusa, 100 [GS]

Nicholas of Myra (see Nicholas, Saint)

Nicholas, Saint, 241-242 [GS]

Nicholson, Irene, 23-24 [GS]

Nicholson, Philip, 266, 382 [GS]

nickel, 200 [PS], 286 [GS]

nickel & nickel-iron, 442 [FS]

Niebuhr, 239 [GS]

Nielson, Knut, 123 [PS]

Nieper, Hans, 127 [PS]

Nietzsche, Friedrich, 8 [GS]

Nigeria, 222 [FS], 280 [GS]

night, 151, 153, 195, 209 [FS]

Nihongi, 272 [GS]

Nile, 146, 351, 352 [GS], 193, 219 [FS]

Nilsson, Heribert, 37-38, 41 [PS]

Nimrod, Nebrod, 127 [GS]

Nimrud (Kalakh, Kalhu), 126, 129 [GS]

Nin (see Ninurta)

Nineveh, 122, 210 [GS]

Ningirsu, 113, 302-303 [FS], 128 ff., 130 [GS]

Ninib (see also Ninurta), 113, 302 [FS]

Ninip (see also Ninurta), 113 [FS]

Nin-Karrak, 128 [GS]

Ninsianna Tablets, 189, 322 [GS]

Ninurta (Nin, Ninib, Ninip), 62, 124, 125 ff., 126, 128 ff., 131, 212-213, 240, 449 [GS], 105, 113, 133-134, 138, 302 [FS], 346, 347 [PS]

Nipkow, Friedrich, 163 [FS]

Nirig (see also Ninib), 113 [FS]

Nisqually, 68, 69 [FS]

nitrogen, 17, 52, 232 [PS]

nitrogen oxide, 227 [PS]

Noah & his ark, 227, 394, 396 [FS], 26, 28, 29 [GS], 48, 275-276, 278 [PS]

Noah’s flood (see Deluge)

noctilucent clouds, 305 [PS]

Nonnus, 135 [GS]

Nordvik, 286 [PS]

Norell, Mark, 103-105, 109, 185, 219 [PS]

North Africa, 28 [GS]

North America, 3, 11, 16, 17, 28, 31, 55-56, 81, 169, 182, 186, 189-190, 202, 220, 241, 308, 360, 379, 389, 392-393, 398, 400. 407, 409, 428, 442, 444, 446, 448, 451, 453, 455-456, 460-461, 463, 466, 484 [FS], 38, 368, 370, 384, 386, 394, 414 [GS], 47, 56, 58, 61, 145, 177, 189, 211-212, 218, 221, 238, 248, 253, 257, 264, 295, 314, 320, 321, 324 [PS]

North American Indians, see Amerinds

North Carolina Museum of Natural Sciences, 93 [PS]

North Carolina, 149 [PS]

North Carolina, State University of, 97, 110 [PS]

north celestial pole, 6, 9, 19, 256 [PS]

North Dakota, 47 [PS]

north pole, 52-53, 80, 83, 85, 86, 86-88, 143, 209, 365, 505, 509, 511 [FS]

north pole (geographic), 9, 237, 258, 273, 276, 289, 320, 322-323, 337 [PS]

north pole (magnetic), 166, 190, 296, 307 [PS]

North Pole (terrestrial & celestial), 220 ff., 236-237, 239, 244, 253, 254, 258, 263, 268, 297 ff., 317, 341, 344, 345, 349, 354, 361, 366-368, 383, 385-387, 395, 404, 422, 423, 436, 438, 439, 458-459, 464, 465, 466, 491 [GS]

North Sea, 239 [GS], 60 [PS], 84, 442 [FS]

North Slope (Alaska), 251 [PS]

North Star (see also Pole Star), 434 [GS]

north wind (see also Boreas), 433, 435, 437 [GS]

northern lights (see also auroras), 201 [GS]

Northern Territory (Australia), 402 [FS]

Northwest  Territories, 195, 238 [PS]

Norway, 286, 287 [PS], 493 [GS], 85, 485-486 [FS]

Notarpietro,  Adalberto, 207 [PS]

Nothronychus mckinleyi, 109 [PS]

Notus, 433 [GS]

Nova Aquilae, 315 [FS]

Nova Scotia, 442 [FS], 47, 202, 211 [PS]

Novacek, Michael, 184 [PS]

novae, supernovae & hyper-novae, 69, 71-75, 78-85, 161, 228 ff., 234-235, 239, 247, 249, 301, 302, 302, 314, 333, 334, 338 [PS], 95 [GS], 45, 46, 288, 315 ff., 330 ff., 340, 342-343, 351, 371-372, 428-430, 432-433, 438, 471-472, 474, 487, 500-501 [FS]

novae, recurring, 45, 317-318, 330, 335 [FS]

Novas, Fernando, 97, 117-118, 170 [PS]

Novaya Zemlya, 80, 84 [FS]

NRAO/AUI/NSF (illustration courtesy of), 84 [PS]

Nu (Nun), 192, 267, 268, 269, 270 [GS], 219, 227, 303-304 [FS]

nuclear & thermonuclear energy & detonations (see also under atom bombs), 19, 73, 236, 296 [PS]

nuclear & thermonuclear reactions (stellar), 148 [FS]

nuclear fission (proposed planetary), 329 [FS]

nuclear fission reactors, natural, 329 [FS]

nuclear physics, 288 [FS]

nuclear reactions (solar), 44-45, 225 [FS]

nuclear reactions, fusion & atomic fission, 293, 296 [FS]

nuclear winter, 187, 251 [PS]

nucleons, 167 [PS]

nucleosynthesis, 430 [FS]

Num, 275 [GS]

Nun (see Nu)

Nunavut, 363 [GS]

Nut, 438, 444 [GS]

nuts, 198 [PS]

Nuttal, Zelia, 243 [GS]

 

O

 

O’Dell, Robert C., 469 [GS], Robert, 256 [FS]

O’Flaherty, Wendy D., 169 [GS]

O’Gheoghan, Brendan (see Newgrosh, Bernard)

O’Keefe, John, 198, 219-220, 279 [PS]

O’Neill, John J., 243 [GS]

Oahu, 349 [PS]

oak, 365 [GS], 462, 473 [FS]

oats, 354 [GS]

Oaxaca, 85 [GS]

Observer, The, 132 [PS]

obsidian, 182 [FS]

Ocampo, Adriana, 205 [PS]

ocean cores (see also deep-sea sediments), 18, 19, 20, 33, 49, 55, 377, 400, 488 [FS]

ocean, cosmic, 277 [PS]

Oceania (see also Polynesia), 98, 139, 241 [FS], 201, 280 [GS]

oceanic incursions, 172-173, 247, 258 [PS]

oceans (see also under own name), 13, 33, 35-36, 39, 58-60, 140, 142-143, 145, 147, 188, 193-194, 198, 201-202, 219, 232, 233, 247, 267, 273, 276, 282, 306, 320-321, 325, 338 [PS], 255, 349, 366, 393 [GS], 30, 31, 33, 35, 36-37, 40, 48, 51, 363, 376, 394, 405, 408, 442, 464, 484 ff., 507, 512 [FS]

ochre, 184 [FS]

Odessa University, 364 [FS]

Odin, 287 [PS]

Odysseus, 14, 16 [GS]

Odyssey, 14 [GS], 94, 96 [FS]

Oedipus Rex, 10 [GS]

Oerlemans, J., 21 [FS]

Oetztal, 442 [FS]

Officer, Charles, 205, 222, 223 [PS]

Ogdoas, 143 [FS]

Ohel, 206 [GS]

Ohio University, 97 [PS]

Ohio Valley, 295 [GS]

Ohio, 3, 431, 490 [FS], 57 [PS]

oil (see petroleum)

oil fields, 383 [FS]

Ojibwa, 190, 192 [FS]

Okanagan Indians, 339, 340 [GS]

Okeemaquid, 192 [FS]

Okladnikov, A. P., 206 [FS]

Old Kingdom (Egyptian), 61, 230 [GS]

Old Lady Horse, 461 [FS]

Old Red Sandstone, 57 [PS]

Old Testament (see also Bible), 1, 22, 26, 28, 51, 70, 80, 210, 222-226, 229, 429 [GS], 54, 108, 117-120, 125, 129, 135, 293, 295, 298, 300, 315, 347, 370, 419 [FS], 63, 278 [PS]

Oligocene epoch, 16, 22-23, 95, 134, 212 [PS], 362 [GS], 9, 161 [FS]

olivine, 492 [FS]

Olmec(s), 89-90 [GS]

Olsen, Paul, 201, 212, 219 [PS]

Olson, Peter, 466 [GS]

Olympian gods, Olympians, 52 [GS], 92 [FS]

Olympic Peninsula, 68, 455 [FS]

Olympiodorus, 108, 109 [GS]

Omakuru, 240 [GS]

Omneity, the (Aztec), 151 [FS]

Omni, 163 [PS]

On the Origin of the World, 217 [FS]

Ong, Walter, 14, 16 [GS]

Ontario, 208, 389, 431 [FS]

Oort cloud, 215-217 [PS], 336-337 [GS], 34 [FS]

Oort, Jan, 249 [GS]

Oparin, A. I., 17 [PS]

Opher, Merav, 356 [PS]

Ophiuchus (constellation), 316 [FS]

Ophiuci, RS (see RS Ophi-uci) [FS]

Öpik, Ernst. J., 6-7, 18, 43-44, 79, 81, 167, 487 [FS], 154 [GS]

Opoa, 98 [FS]

Oppenheim, V., 73 [FS]

Oraibi, 357 [GS]

Orange Sulphurs (see Colias eurytheme) [PS]

orators, see bards [FS]

Orchomenos, 80 [GS]

Ordovician period, 16, 207-208, 227, 232-234, 237, 341 [PS], 362 [GS], 9, 73 [FS]

Oregon State University, 98 [PS]

Oregon, 287 [GS], 358, 379, 385, 422, 425, 486 [FS], 44 [PS]

Organ Mountains, 478 [FS]

Orheim, Olav, 322 [PS]

Origin of Species, The, 176 [PS]

Origine des tous les cultes, 23 [GS]

Orinoco River, 60 [PS], 217 [GS], 442 [FS]

Orion (constellation, nebula), 56, 335-336, 469 [GS], 226, 495 [FS], 27, 29 [PS]

Orissa, 233 [GS], 395 [FS]

Orkney Islands, 57 [PS]

ornithischians, 254, 255 [PS]

Oró, John, 61, 343 [PS]

orogenesis (see diastrophism)

Orpheus, 275 [GS]

Orton, Glenn, 324 [PS]

Osborne, Harold, 214, 397 [FS], 278 [GS]

Osiris, 108, 133, 143, 144, 145, 212, 227-228, 236-237, 313 [FS], 9, 37, 38, 38-39, 39, 40, 142, 143, 143-145, 146, 147, 149-151, 153, 168, 195-196, 214, 231, 232, 269, 274, 312, 315, 439, 443, 446, 457 [GS]

Osiris-Ra, 145 [GS]

Oslo, 289 [PS]

osmiridium, 197 [PS]

osmium, 199 [PS]

ossification, 189 [PS]

osteoarthritis (see arthritis)

Ostiaks, 218-219 [FS]

ostriches, 98, 101, 128, 351 [PS]

Ostrom, John, 91 [PS]

Ouranos (Uranus), 47, 167, 168-169 [GS], 279-280, 306, 342 [FS]

Ovenden, Michael W., 320-322, 324, 326, 328-330 [FS], Michael, 181, 183-184 [GS]

Overbye, Dennis, 294 [GS]

overkill (by name or description), 444-446, 451-452, 460-464, 471 [FS]

Ovid, 169, 172, 239, 263, 271, 272, 357, 449 [GS], 217, 476-477, 481 [FS]

Oviraptor, 184 [PS]

Owen, Richard, 114, 283 [PS], Richard, 345, 346 [GS]

Owen, Tobias, 12 [PS]

owl, 292 [GS]

Oxford, 84 [FS]

Oxford, University of, 176 [PS], 3 [FS]

oxygen, 2, 13, 17-20, 26, 52, 63, 114, 133, 189, 232, 266 [PS], 76, 484-485 [FS]

oxygen isotopes, 22, 25 [FS]

oxygen-16 isotope, 13 [PS]

ozone & ozone layer, 15, 18-20, 26, 31, 198, 227, 229, 232-233 [PS], 429, 472, 473 [FS]

 

P

 

P’an-ku, 306 [FS], 317, 319 [GS]

Pachycephalosaurus, 350 [PS]

Pachyrhinosaurus, 185 [PS]

Pacific islands, 418 [FS]

Pacific Northwest, 364 [GS]

Pacific ocean

Pacific Ocean, 38, 280, 286, 432, 465 [GS], 30, 33, 35, 241, 418, 446 [FS], 69, 194, 197, 205, 236 [PS]

pack ice, 85, 86 [FS]

pack-rats, 360-361, 362 [FS]

Pagans, 300 [FS]

Pago Pago, 393 [GS]

Pahalgam, 245 [FS]

painting, artistic, primitive (see paleoart)

Pakistan, 190-191 [PS]

Palaeozoic era, 16, 46, 61, 132, 162, 193, 195 [PS], 297, 362, 370, 374 [GS]

Palatine Library, 122 [GS]

Palazzo Spada, 166 [GS]

Palenque, 154 [FS]

paleoart (Cro-Magnon), 184-185, 185, 186, 187, 188, 189, 189, 190, 191, 193-194, 195, 195, 199, 200, 200, 201, 206, 252, 265, 267-268, 268, 270, 273, 274, 480 [FS]

paleoart (Neanderthal), 174 [FS]

Paleocene epoch, 10, 12, 16, 196 [PS], 297, 362, 365, 422, 491 [GS], 9 [FS]

Paleolithic & Epipaleolithic (Stone) age 67, 167 ff., 268, 273-275, 339-341, 394, 417-418, 479, 505, 509 [FS], 130 [PS]

paleomagnetism, 34 [FS], 399, 403 [GS]

Paleontological Society of America, 195 [PS]

Paleozoic (Palaeozoic) era, 7, 9 [FS]

Palestine (see also Israel), 35, 209, 212, 432 [GS]

Palisades, 201 [PS]

Palladium, 81 [GS]

Pallas (Athena’s playmate), 26 [GS]

Pallas (monster), 26 [GS]

Pallas Athena (see Athena)

palm trees, 365, 368, 400, 404 [GS]

Palmer, Trevor, 177-179, 188, 193, 207, 257 [PS], 35, 38, 40, 47, 61, 79, 197, 428-429, 431, 444, 472, 474 [FS]

Palmyra, 303-304 [FS]

Pamirs, 202, 418 [FS]

pampas, 445, 478 [FS]

Panama, 23, 260 [PS]

Panapolis, 135 [GS]

Panathenaic procession, 3 [GS]

Pangaea Ultima, 371 [GS]

Pangaea, 10, 87 [FS]

Pangaea, 144, 145, 192-194, 248 [PS], 371, 373, 397 [GS]

pangolin, 101, 103 [PS]

Pangu, 441 [GS]

panspermia, 343 [PS]

Panuco, 240 [FS]

Papago Indians, 386, 388 [GS]

Papoular, Renaud, 51 [PS]

Papua, Papuans, 466 [FS]

Papyrus of Ani, 21, 214 [GS], 227, 236 [FS]

Papyrus of Mut-hetep, 141, 215 [GS]

Papyrus of Tameniu, 444 [GS]

papyrus, 18 [GS]

paradise, 278 [PS], 45, 71, 361 [GS]

Paraguay, 445 [FS]

Paralititan stromeri, 119, 170 [PS]

Paran, Mount, 117 [FS]

Pardoe, Colin, 404 [FS]

parhelia, 25 [GS]

Paris (Trojan hero), 16 [GS]

Parkinson, W. D., 145 [PS]

Parmentier, M., 244 [FS]

Parry, Milman, 14, 16, 17 [GS]

Parsis (see Zoroastrians)

Parthenon, 47 [GS]

Parthian magus, 234 [GS]

particle accelerators (see under accelerators)

Parvati, 236 [FS]

Pasteur, 101 [GS]

Patagonia, 445 [FS], 96, 117-118 [PS]

Paterson, T. T., 417 [FS]

Patriarchs (Biblical), 119-120, 122 [FS]

patricide, 45, 47 [GS]

Patten, Donald W., 275 [PS], 322-323 [GS], 53-55, 63 [FS]

Patten, Philip, A, 53 [FS]

Pausanias, 80 [GS]

Pavamana, 306 [FS]

Pawnee, Skidi, 56, 59 [GS]

Payne-Gaposchkin, Cecilia, 490 [FS]

Peabody Museum of Natural History, 197 [PS]

peacocks, 65, 351 [PS]

peat, 17 [FS], 43, 44, 46 [PS]

pebbles, 43, 68-69 [PS]

peccaries, 444 [FS]

Pecora, William, 404 [FS]

Peebles, James, 424 [GS]

Pegasi (51), 325, 326 [GS]

Pegasus (constellation), 115, 116 [GS]

Peiser, Benny, 469 [FS], 73, 106 [GS]

Peking (now Beijing), 240 [FS]

Pelasgians, 28 [GS]

Pele, 201 [GS]

Pelée, Mount, 424 [FS]

Pelesgians, 294 [FS]

Pelligra, Ralph, 150 [PS]

Peloponnesus, 105 [GS]

Pemex, 203 [PS]

Penck, Albrecht, 16, 17, 49 [FS]

Penfield, Glen, 203 [PS]

penguins, 101 [PS]

Pennsylvania State University, 36, 387, 489 [FS]

Pennsylvania, 295 [GS], 45, 48, 267, 311 [PS]

Pennsylvania, University of, 56 [PS]

Pennsylvanian epoch, 16, 133 [PS], 362 [GS], 9 [FS]

Pepi I, 231 [GS]

Pepi I, pyramid of, 231 [GS]

Pe-Pier, Georgia, 202 [PS]

peppered moth (see moth, peppered)

Peratt instabilities, 476, 488 [GS]

Peratt, Anthony L., 147, 258, 264-265, 266, 266-269, 272-274, 277, 279, 281 [FS], 303, 321, 461, 464, 465, 472, 473, 474, 480-482, 484-486, 488-490 [GS], 74, 79, 81, 296, 331, 334 [PS]

Pericles, 105. 113 [GS]

permafrost, 206 [FS]

Permian period, 16, 188, 192-193, 207, 209-211, 232 [PS], 362, 374, 398 [GS], 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 11, 484 [FS]

Perraudin, Jean Pierre, 2 [FS]

Perseus molecular cloud, 335 [PS]

Persia, Persians (see also Iran, Iranians), 114, 145, 240, 301, 347-348 [FS], 35, 117, 151, 204, 232 [GS]

Persian Gulf, 400 [FS]

Pert em Hru, 303 [FS]

Per-t Nu, 267 [GS]

Pert-em-hru, 274 [GS]

Perth, 208 [PS]

Perti, O. N., 15 [PS]

Peru, Peruvians, 68, 213, 241, 445 [FS], 278 [GS], 65, 222, 314, 315, 316 [PS]

Pessinus, 78 [GS]

Peter (the Apostle—see Simon-Peter)

Petrified Forest, 375 [GS]

petroglyphs (see also paleoart), 206, 265-267 [FS], 492-493 [GS]

petroleum (also oil), 283, 485 [FS], 49, 51-52, 56-65, 69, 226 [PS]

Pettinato, Giovanni, 122 [FS]

Phaenon, 55 [GS]

Phaethon, 55, 71-72, 73 [GS], 98-99 [FS]

Phalerus, Demetrius (see Demetrius Phalerus)

phallic symbols & amulets, 244, 249 [FS]

phallic worship (see also phallus, cosmic), 237 ff., 239 ff., 245 ff., 248-249, 289 [FS]441-447 [GS]

phallus, cosmic (see also phallic worship & linga, lingam), 236-237, 242, 279, 370 [FS]

Phanerozoic, 360 [FS]

phaos rgyentes, 446 [GS]

Pheidias, 47 [GS]

Pherecydes, 142 [FS], 306 [GS]

Phigaleia, 443 [GS]

Philadelphia (festival), 169 [GS]

Philadelphians, 306 [GS]

Philip of Opus, 135 [GS]

Phillips, Fred, 361 [FS]

Philo Byblius, 279-280, 304-306, 391 [FS], 28, 78, 135, 137, 142, 225, 262, 272, 432 [GS]

Philo Judaeus, 62-63 [PS]

Philolaos, 177, 217, 220, 240, 246 [GS]

Phithiotis, 26 [GS]

Phlius, 446 [GS]

Phobos (satellite), 258, 259, 402 [GS]

Phoebe (satellite), 175 [GS], 240, 354 [PS]

Phoenicians, 123, 132, 138, 289, 293, 304 [FS], 78, 225, 272, 443, 446, 448 [GS]

Phoinikika, 432 [GS]

Phororhacos, 95 [PS]

Phosphoros, 55 [GS]

photoperiodicity, photoperiodism, 297, 359, 361, 384 [GS]

Photostomias, 287 [GS]

photosynthesis, 156-157 [FS], 291-293, 297, 348, 350, 359 [GS], 9, 18, 26, 31, 32, 198, 238 [PS]

Phra (see Ra)

phylogenetic memory, 18-19, 23-24 [PS]

phytochrome 3, 156 [FS]

pibloqtok, 25 [PS]

Pickering, W. H., 158 [PS], 175 [GS]

Pielou, E. C., 384 [GS]

Pierre, A-V, 167 [GS]

pigs, 444 [FS]

Pilgrim, Ludwig, 16 [FS]

pilgrims, 243, 245 [FS]

Pima, 264 [GS]

pinch effect, 489, 490 [GS]

Pinches, T. G., 125 [FS]

pine trees, 368 [GS]

pine, 263, 265 [PS], 462, 473 [FS]

Pingree, D., 96, 138 [GS]

Pioneer 10, 155, 300 [GS]

Pioneer 11, 155, 294 [GS]

Pioneer Venus orbiter, 323 [PS]

Pir Panjal Mountains, 417 [FS]

Pirajno, Franco, 210 [PS]

Pisa, 400 [FS]

Pisces, 56 [GS]

Pisias, N., 21 [FS]

Pithecanthropus, 402 [FS]

Pius XII, Pope, 295 [FS], Pope, 68 [GS]

placental cloud (see also accretion disks, circumpolar disks, nebular disks), 265, 304, 341, 438, 446, 449, 457, 478-479, 490 [GS], 217, 224, 225 [FS]

Plagemann, Stephen, 373, 375 [FS]

Plait, Philip, 139 [FS], 9 [PS]

Planet A, 327 [FS]

Planet B, 327 [FS]

Planet K, 327 [FS]

Planet T, 327 [FS]

Planet V, 327 [FS]

Planet X, 181, 323 [GS]

Planet X, 217 [PS]

Planet X, 327 [FS]

planetars (see brown dwarf stars)

planetary disks (see accretion disks, circumstellar disks)

planetary ejections (see also galactic ejections, astral ejections), 329, 471, 475-476, 486 [GS]

Planetary Mass Objects, 270, 272 [PS]

planetary nebulae (see circumstellar disks)

Planetary Society of Pasadena, 205 [PS]

planetesimals, 38, 495 [FS]

planets (in general—see also planets, extra-solar), 24, 51 ff., 65 ff., 77-78, 95-96, 99, 100-101, 108, 109, 112-113, 115, 117-119, 131, 133, 146, 148, 157, 164, 173, 179 ff., 198, 201, 202, 232, 243, 265, 287, 325, 326, 328, 332-337, 343-344, 350, 381-382, 401, 409, 413, 461, 464-465, 467, 469-472, 476-477, 481, 484-486, 488-490 [GS], 16, 38, 45, 61, 64, 104-107, 109, 112-113, 153, 155, 161, 225, 255-257, 259, 296, 320-322, 324-332, 337-338, 345, 366, 369, 373-374, 432, 435, 438, 470, 491-492, 495, 501 [FS], 1-6, 10, 13, 15, 61, 73-74, 127, 138, 144, 224, 227, 243, 268, 271, 281-282, 307, 323, 337, 342-343, 346, 352-353 [PS]

planets, extra-solar, 1, 7-8, 10, 31-32, 268-271, 305, 327, 353-354, 356 [PS], 139-140, 148-149, 157, 224-225, 250-251, 318-319, 337, 493-495, 500-501 [FS], 160, 161, 325-329, 332-337, 350, 415, 469-471, 476, 485 [GS]

plankton & phytoplankton, 26, 58, 59, 181, 196, 201, 267 [PS]

Plano culture, 456-457, 460 [FS]

plants, 10-12, 19, 24, 26, 32, 42-45, 48, 56, 58-59, 65, 68, 136, 150, 171, 179, 182, 186-188, 194-195, 198, 201, 218, 220, 221, 229, 230, 236, 238, 250, 252, 254, 256-257, 264, 281, 315, 319-320 [PS], 185, 186, 508 [FS]

plasma & kink instabilities (see also z-pinches), 264-269, 272, 274, 276-277, 279, 287, 511 [FS]

plasma & plasma cosmology (see also plasmasphere), 298 ff., 424, 426, 461-462, 464, 472, 474, 475-476, 478, 480-485, 487-489 [GS]

plasma, plasma discharges & plasma pinches (see also z-pinches & plasma instabilities), 6, 10, 75-82, 85-86, 169, 244, 291, 292, 296, 298, 299, 299, 301, 315, 332-335, 358 [PS], 461, 463, 476, 481, 484, 485, 488, 491, 492 [GS], 38, 146-148, 158-160, 223, 227, 248-250, 255-258, 264-266, 268, 272-274, 276-277, 279-285, 287, 334-336, 338-339, 364, 366, 372, 474, 489, 491-492, 495, 501, 510 [FS]

plasma, filamentary, 264, 269 [FS]

plasma jets (see jets, cosmic)

plasmaspheres and/or plasma sheaths (see also magnetospheres), 297 ff., 321, 340-341, 348, 349, 350, 381, 404, 491 [GS], 42, 158-160, 257-258, 261-262, 264, 268, 287, 372, 382, 385, 437, 474, 511-512 [FS], 10, 75, 78-80, 326-327, 327-328, 328-329, 329-330, 330-331, 331-332, 332, 333-334, 335 [PS]

plasmasphere (proto-Saturnian), 10, 46, 86, 168-169, 172, 235, 256, 267, 270, 273, 301, 304, 305, 315, 325-326, 333, 335, 337, 339, 357-358 [PS]

plate tectonics (see continental drift theory)

platinum, 197, 200 [PS]

Plato, 43, 54-55, 56, 100, 101, 108, 114, 135, 136, 168, 457 [GS], 47, 95, 109, 227, 434 [FS]

platypus, 92, 93 [PS]

Pleiades, 87, 90 [GS]

Pleiongaea, 114 [PS], 331 [FS], 346, 348, 380, 385 [GS]

Pleistocene epoch, 16, 56, 64-65, 69-70, 86, 129-131, 134, 147, 169, 172-173, 177, 235, 237, 247, 260, 263-266, 273, 284, 286, 301, 309, 311-316, 324, 337-340, 357-358 [PS], 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 17, 21, 40, 44, 49, 52-53, 55, 57, 61-63, 66-70, 73-74, 76, 79-81, 84-85, 87, 161, 167, 169, 171, 178-179, 189, 202-203, 205, 208-209, 341, 364, 370, 377, 379, 381-382, 386-388, 392-394, 401, 406-407, 416-418, 420, 426-427, 433, 441, 443-446, 452-453, 460, 462, 466-467, 470-471, 474, 477-480, 483-484, 486-489, 505, 512-513 [FS], 362, 491 [GS]

Pliny, 106, 109, 111, 112, 453 [GS]

Pliocene epoch, 16 [PS], 362, 369, 375, 379-380 [GS], 9, 387, 446 [FS]

Plumed Serpent (see Quetzalcoatl)

Plutarch, 127-128, 237 [FS], 5, 8, 9, 37, 78, 100, 101, 102, 106, 107, 111, 113, 312, 453 [GS]

Pluto (dwarf planet), 3, 12, 155, 216, 276, 342 [PS]

Pluto (planet), 181, 186, 187, 220, 322, 332, 340 [GS]

Pluto (sub-planet), 155, 262, 319, 337, 435-436, 504 [FS]

plutonium-244, 230 [PS]

PMOs (see under Planetary Mass Objects—see also brown dwarf stars)

Po, 280 [GS], 309 [FS]

Poimandres, 143 [FS]

Poincaré,  Jules  Henri, 165 [PS]

poisoning, 188 [PS]

Poisson, Siméon, 179 [GS]

Poland, 17 [GS], 3, 431 [FS]

polar axis (see axis mundi)

polar column (see axis mundi)

Polar Geographic Institute, Italian (see under Italian)

Polar satellite, Polar spacecraft, 41-42 [FS]

polar wandering (Martian), 402-403 [GS]

polar wandering (terrestrial), 391 ff. [GS]

Polaris (see also Pole Star), 186, 188 [FS]

Pole of Inaccessibility, 354 [GS]

pole shifts, 33-34, 36, 47, 48, 51-52, 55 ff., 73-74, 76, 84 [FS]

Pole Star(s)—(see also North Star, Polaris), 102, 222, 229, 232-233, 236, 237, 239, 243, 246, 247, 310, 341, 381, 439, 440, 451, 454-455, 491 [GS], 140, 142-143, 186, 188, 232, 238, 259, 276, 510 [FS]

Pollack, James B., 159 [GS]

pollen, 82, 178, 200, 407 [FS]

Polycleitos the Younger, theatre of, 94 [FS]

Polyhistor (see under Alex-ander Polyhistor) [FS]

Polynesia, Polynesians (see also Oceania), 98, 137, 151, 153, 222, 241, 399, 446, 447 [FS], 56, 279 [GS]

Pompeii, 245 [FS]

Pope, Kevin, 205 [PS]

Pope, Marvin, 31 [GS]

Popul Vuh, 114, 151, 156, 307 [FS], 279, 317, 439 [GS]h, 64 [PS]

Porcupine Hills, 460 [FS]

Porfirev, V., 60 [PS]

Porphyry (Malchus), 135 [GS], 123 [FS]

Port Philip Bay, 403 [FS]

Porter, Hal, 168 [FS]

Portsmouth University, 113 [PS]

Portugal, 198 [FS]

Poseidon, 26 [GS], 92 [FS]

Pothos, 433 [GS]

pottery (ceramics), 354-355, 356-357, 358, 366 [FS]

Potwar range and plateau, 201, 394, 417 [FS]

Powell, Corey S., 352 [FS]

Pradhana, 446 [GS]

Prah Sau, 151 [GS]

prairie fires, 47 [PS]

prairies, 263 [PS]

Prajapati, 237 [FS], 61, 196, 233, 310, 311, 446 [GS]

prawns, 287 [GS]

Praxiteles, 47 [GS]

precession of the equinoxes (see equinoxes)

precession, 14, 15, 16, 20, 109, 163 [FS]

precipitation, 262, 264-267, 273, 281-283, 306, 309-310, 318, 338 [PS]

Preuss, M., 439 [GS]

Priapus, 240, 241, 242 [FS]

Price, George McCready (see McCready Price)

Prideaux, Tom, 194 [FS]

Priestly Document, 120 [FS]

Prigent, D., 427 [FS]

primates, 134 [PS], 167, 170 [FS]

Prince Patrick Island, 84 [FS]

Princeton  University, 151, 224 [PS]

Principia, 107 [GS], 162 [PS]

Principle of Least Interaction Action (see under Least Interaction Action)

Pringle, Heather, 169, 176 [FS], 91, 93, 99-100, 109 [PS]

Proclus, 101 [GS]

Proctor, Mary, 109 [GS]

Progreso, 203 [PS]

Prokopios, 165 [GS]

prophets, 117, 301 [FS]

proplyds (see circumstellar disks)

proteins, 343 [PS]

Protoarchaeopteryx, 102 [PS]

Protopithecus, 202 [FS]

protoplanetary disks (see circumstellar disks)

protozoa, 508 [FS]

Proxima Centauri, 325, 326, 343 [GS]

Prum, Richard, 105-106 [PS]

Psalms, 135, 292, 299 [FS]

Psammites, The, 100 [GS]

psychiatric malfunctions, 509 [FS]

psychological disturbance, 508 [FS]

psychotria emetica, 24 [PS]

Ptah, 149, 194, 194-196, 214, 225, 311 [GS]

Ptah-Seker-Asar (Ptah-Osiris), 195-196, 274 [GS]

Ptah-Seker-Tem (Ptah-Seker-Atum), 195 [GS]

Ptah-Tenen, 269 [GS]

Pteranodon, 111, 112, 112, 184, 185 [PS], 346 [GS]

Pterichthys, 57 [PS]

pterodactyls, 117, 172 [PS], 345, 346, 347, 348 [GS]

pterosaurs, 111, 112, 112 ff., 115, 117, 182 [PS]

Ptolemaeus, Claudius (see Ptolemy)

Ptolemais Hermii, 96 [GS]

Ptolemy (Ptolemaeus, Claudius), 96 ff., 98, 99, 115, 117, 135 [GS], 109, 111, 240 [FS]

Ptolemy Philadelphus, 222, 446 [GS]

pucara, 214 [FS]

Puebla, 450 [FS]

Puget Sound, 68, 422 [FS]

pulsars, 249, 260, 318-319, 500-501 [FS], 72, 79, 83-84 [PS]

pumas, 65 [PS]

pumice, 33 [FS]

punctuated equilibrium, 38, 187 [PS]

Punin, 478 [FS]

Punjab, 201 [FS]

Puranas, 96, 230-231 [FS]

Pursuit, 255-256 [GS]

Purusha, 230 [FS]

Pushkar, 201 [FS]

Puunoa Beach, 370 [GS]

Pygmies (see also Efe Pygmies), 208, 482-484 [FS], 174 [PS]

Pyramid Texts, 61, 62, 134, 230, 433, 443 [GS]

pyramids (Egyptian), 230 [GS], 453 [FS]

Pyrenees, 222 [PS], 3 [FS]

Pyroeis, 55 [GS]

Pythagoras, 109 [FS], 111 [GS]

Pythagorians, 109 [GS]

Pyxidis, T (see T Pyxidis)

Pyxis constellation, 73 [PS]

 

Q

 

Qadesh (see Qudshu)

Qetesh (see Qudshu)

Qeteshi (see Qudshu)

Qiang, Ji, 97-98, 102-103 [PS]

Qoran, 274 [GS]

Qoyangnuptu, 286 [GS]

Qoyllur Rit’i (see Star of the Snow)

quantum mechanics, 146, 164 [PS]

Quaoar, 436 [FS]

quartz, shocked, 200, 203, 210, 211, 220, 245 [PS]

quasars, 475, 476 [GS]

Quaternary period, 16, 96 [PS], 2, 7, 9, 18, 19, 81, 377-378, 420, 444, 505 [FS], 297, 362 [GS]

Qudshu (Qadesh, Qetesh, Qeteshi), 34, 35 [GS]

Quebec, 208, 211, 213 [PS], 426 [FS]

Quelccaya ice cap, 315 [PS]

Queloz, Didier, 325 [GS]

Quetzalcoatl (Plumed or Feathered Serpent—see also Gucumatz & Kukulkan), 36, 37, 38-39, 59, 312, 314-315, 316, 316-317, 435-437, 438, 439 [GS], 156 [FS]

Quetzalcoatlus northropi, 112-113, 182 [PS]

Quiché Maya, 1 [PS] (see also Maya)

Quinn, Tom, 256 [FS]

Qumran, 144 [FS]

 

R

 

Ra (Phra, Re), 24, 24, 25-26, 31, 132, 133, 134, 134-135, 141-145, 165, 168, 178, 178, 192, 193, 214-216, 230, 231, 252, 267, 268, 269, 270, 433, 437, 443 [GS]114, 116-117, 119, 120, 137, 227-228, 236-237, 279, 303-304, 306 [FS]

Ra’i-tupua, 432 [GS]

Rabbi Hanina, 104 [FS]

Rabbi Yohanan, 104 [FS]

Rabinowitz, David, 342 [PS], 494 [FS]

racial divergence, 512 [FS]

radiation, 256, 258, 429, 443, 472-474, 480, 487, 512 [FS]

radiation, cosmic (see also under cosmic rays & gamma rays), 9, 12, 19-20, 25, 32, 71, 74, 79, 159, 189, 198, 226, 228-233, 235-236, 247, 260, 272, 298, 301, 351 [PS]

radio communications, 500 [FS]

radio flares, waves, & emissions, 146, 148, 225, 252, 260, 334 [FS], 71, 82 [PS], 477 [GS]

radioactivity & radioactive fallout, 473, 475, 500 [FS], 17, 140-141, 209, 234, 236-237, 239, 241 [PS]

radiocarbon/radiometric dating, 17, 18, 24, 47, 49, 52, 176, 340, 351, 361, 387, 401, 404, 407, 451, 487, 512-513 [FS], 67, 69, 190, 203, 211, 313, 315, 317-318 [PS]

radioflux, solar (see solar radioflux)

radon, 442 [FS]

Ræphan (see Remphan) [GS]

rafts (see boats) [FS]

Rahmer, B., 61 [PS]

Rahmstorf, Stefan, 204 [FS]

Rainey, F., 445 [FS]

Rainier, Mount, 68, 69 [FS]

raised shorelines & beaches, 398 ff., 402, ff., 405 ff., 411, 412, 413, 426 [FS]

Raivata, 235 [FS]

Raja Vijyanagram, 108 [FS]

Raktabija (see Raktavira)

Raktavira (Raktabija), 31 [GS]

Ramban, the, 295, 308 [FS], 68 [GS]

Rambler, Mitchell, 19-20 [PS]

Ramphan (see Remphan)

Rampino, Michael, 202, 215-216, 220 [PS]

Ramsey collapse, 141 [PS]

Rancho La Brea tar sands, 471 [FS]

Rancho la Brea, 56, 65, 66, 66 ff. [PS]

Ranghayaki, S., 15 [PS]

Rankine vortex, 458-459, 463, 487 [GS]

Ransom, C. J., 332 [GS]

Rapa Nui, Rapanui, see Easter Island

Raphael, Archangel, 105 [FS]

Raphan (see Remphan)

Ras Shamra (see also Ugarit), 30, 31, 223 [GS]

Ras Shamra, 348 [FS], 63 [PS]

Rasio, Frederic, 327, 329 [GS]

Raton Basin, 197 [PS]

rats (see also under pack rats), 169 [FS], 101 [PS]

Raup, David, 187, 214-215, 349, 351 [PS], 468, 471 [FS]

Raven, 196-197, 283-284, 337, 338 [GS]

Raven Boy, 197, 337 [GS]

Ravi, 122 [GS]

Raviputra, 122 [GS]

Rawlins, Wyoming, 446 [FS]

Rawlinson, George, 127, 128, 142 [GS], 290 [FS]

Ray, Thomas, 470 [GS], 492 [FS]

Raymo, Maureen, 31 [FS]

Re (see Ra)

Reade, Michael, G., 56, 60 [FS], 189, 380 [GS]

Reader’s Digest, 296 [FS]

Red Deer River, 182 [PS]

red dwarf stars, 139-140, 148-149, 157, 335, 371-372, 494 [FS], 159, 334, 343 ff., 381, 467, 477, 486 [GS], 2, 9, 32, 54, 73, 261, 268-270, 272 [PS]

Red Rock Canyon, 393 [FS]

red sprites, 42 [FS]

Redwood trees, 368, 385 [GS]

Ree, Francis, 431 [FS]

Reeds, C. A., 162 [FS]

Rees, Martin, 156 [PS]

Regourdou Cave, 176 [FS]

Regulus, 260-261 [FS]

Rehm, Rush, 92 [FS]

Rehu, 237 [FS]

Rehwinkel, Alfred, 47-48 [PS]

Reich chancellery, 29 [GS]

Reichenbach, Oskar, 149-150 [FS], 176, 479 [GS], 273 [PS]

Reichstag, 28 [GS]

Reid, George, 229 [PS]

Reik, Theodore, 21 [GS]

reindeer, 493 [GS], 6, 185, 188, 189, 191, 193, 205-206, 444 [FS]

Reipurth, Bo, 471, 475 [GS]

Reis crater, 431 [FS]

Reitzenstein, R., 449 [GS]

relativity, general theory of, 68, 69 [GS], 73, 150, 157 [PS], 293, 295 [FS]

religion (modern), 91, 135-136, 244-245, 290, 293, 489 [FS]

religion (primitive and/or archaic), 92, 98, 104, 135-136, 150, 151, 175-176, 178, 184-186, 188, 215, 238, 244-245, 248, 290, 469, 489 [FS]

religions, origins of, 277 [PS], 509 [FS]

Remphan (Ræphan, Ramphan, Raphan), 205-206 [GS]

Renaissance, 45 [GS], 95-96 [FS]

Rendsburg, Gary A., 122, 126. 347 [FS]

Reno, 294 [GS]

Rephaim, 205 [GS]

reptiles, 34, 158, 164, 408 [FS], 91-92, 94, 101-103, 179, 188, 209, 211, 212, 249 [PS]

Republic, 434 [FS]

Resheph, 213 [GS]

resonance, 158-159 [PS]

Rest (deity), 137 [FS]

resurrection, 143-145 [FS]

Retallack, Gregory, 484 [FS]

retinal, 32 [PS]

retrocalculation (cosmic), 352 [PS]

retrocalculations, astronomical, 184-185, 186 [GS]

Reuyl, D., 325 [GS]

Reynolds, Robert, 220 [PS]

rhea, 202 [FS]

Rhea, 47, 51 [GS]

Rheticus, 101 [GS]

Rhetorios, 135 [GS]

rhinoceros, 131, 133, 264 [PS], 365, 385, 404 [GS], 76, 78, 81, 184, 205, 426, 445, 479 [FS]

Rho Ophiuchi, 468 [GS]

Rhode Island, University of, 59 [PS]

Rhodes, 97, 136 [GS]

Rhodesia, 479, 482 [FS]

rhodopsin, 158 [FS]

Rhone River, 175 [FS]

ribose, 15 [PS]

Rich, Tom, 254, 255 [PS]

Richards, Paul, 377 [FS]

Rickards, Tessa (illustrations by), 64 [GS]

rickets, 171 [FS]

rift valleys, 66 [FS]

Rig Veda, 233, 261, 269 [GS]

Riggs, Alan, 22 [FS]

rings (cosmic), 72-73, 158-159, 160, 219, 273-275, 276, 276, 277, 277, 278, 278-284, 293, 298-299-300, 300, 301, 346 [PS]

rings (stellar), 250, 260, 288 [FS]

rings, Saturnian (see Saturn—ring system)

Rio Santas, 477 [FS]

Rist, Curtis, 138 [PS]

rites, religious, see rituals

rituals, 91, 93, 96, 509 [FS]

RNA, 232 [PS]

Robinson, Robert, 61 [PS]

Robinson, Steven, 5, 47, 171 [FS]

Roche limit, 138-139 [PS], 439 [FS]

Roche, Patrick, 335 [GS]

Rock Rapids, 284 [FS]

Rockies, 30, 379, 460 [FS], 184 [PS]

Rockwood, Paul (painting by), 424 [FS]

Rocky Mountains (see Rockies)

rodents, 65 [PS]

rodents, giant, 444 [FS]

Rohl, David, 125-126 [FS], 198, 223 [GS]

Romanishin, William, 439 [FS]

Rome, Romans, 93, 96, 98, 105, 108, 124, 127, 139, 145, 240, 245, 280, 345, 469 [FS], 348 [PS], 56, 78, 79, 82, 122, 135, 151, 166, 239, 242, 263, 357, 441 [GS]

rongorongo, 98, 102 [FS]

Ronne ice shelf, 29 [FS]

Roots of Civilization, The, 193 [FS]

Rose, Lynn E., 108, 168, 177, 182, 185, 189, 217, 220, 222, 244, 245, 246, 344, 345, 409, 417-418, 422, 458, 459, 461, 464 [GS]

Rose, Lynn E., 134, 136, 165, 352 [PS], 18-21, 26, 59 [FS]

Rosenberg, Roy, 209 [GS]

Rosette HH1, 6 [PS]

Rosette Nebula, 6 [PS]

Rosicrucians, 91 [FS]

Ross 614, 325 [GS]

Ross ice shelf, 29 [FS]

Ross, Marvin, 431 [FS]

Ross, W. D., 55 [GS]

Rossini, Stéphane (illustrations by), 271 [GS]

Roth, Ann Macy, 230 [GS]

Roth, Joshua, 470 [GS]

Rotumans, 356 [GS]

Rousseau, Jean-Jacques 213 [FS]

Roussin, Lucille, 105, 116 [FS]

Rouzaud, François, 175-176 [FS]

Roy, Archie, 180, 183, 185 [GS], 324 [FS]

Royal Institute of Technology, 489 [GS]

Royal Ontario Museum, 89 [PS]

Royal Society, 16 [FS]

RS Ophiuci, 317 [FS]

ruach, 289, 370 [FS], 262, 429, 434, 441, 446, 451 [GS]

Ruben, John, 92-93, 98 [PS]

Rubenstein, Eric, 369 [FS]

rubies, 341 [PS]

Rubin, Meyer, 404 [FS]

Rubin, Vera, 155 [PS]

Ruddiman, William, 261 [PS], 31 [FS]

Ruderman, Malvin, 231 [PS]

Rudra, 228, 230, 280 [FS]

Rumia, 282 [GS], 312 [FS]

Runcorn, Keith, 257 [GS]

Russ, Christopher, 131 [PS]

Russell, Dale A., 472 [FS], 348 [GS], 93, 115, 218, 222, 229, 251, 257 [PS]

Russia, Russians (see also Soviets, Soviet Union), 17, 256 [GS], 61, 65, 202, 264, 286 [PS], 85, 206, 298, 431 [FS]

Rutledge, Bob, 477 [GS]

Rutowski, Ronald, 22-23 [PS]

rye, 354 [GS]

Ryskin, Gregory, 484 [FS]

 

S

 

Saarbrücken, 58 [PS]

Sabadini, R., 399 [GS]

Sabæans, 144 [FS], 227 [GS]

Sabaoth, 448 [GS]

Sabato, 151 [GS]

Sabbath (Shabbath), 151, 204-205, 207 [GS], 128, 138 [FS]

Sabbath Star, 204 [GS]

Sabbaton, 151 [GS]

Sabboi, 128 [FS]

Sabet, Kokab (see Kokab Sabet)

sacrifice (human), 43, 52, 59, 420, 421 [GS]

sacrifice, 91, 93 [FS]

SAD (Seasonal Affective Disorder), 215 [FS]

Sadhus, 236 [FS]

Saeturnus (see Saturnus)

Saetus (see Saturnus)

Safranov, V. S., 61 [FS]

Sagan, Carl, 104, 156, 318, 367, 383, 385, 387, 431, 441 [FS], 177, 188, 199, 202, 236, 269 [PS], 66, 99, 105, 324, 467, 483 [GS]

SAGE, 249 [GS]

sagebrush, 168 [FS]

Sager, William, 62 [FS]

Sagitov, R., 162 [PS]

Sagittae (15), 471 [GS]

Sagittarius galaxy, 8, 355-358 [PS]

Sahagún, 87 [GS]

Sahara Desert, 119, 170, 306 [PS], 26, 70, 72-73 [FS]

Sahel (see Suhail)

Sahu, Kailash, 471 [GS]

Sahul, 402 [FS]

Saint Lawrence River, 426 [FS]

Saint Vincent (island), 424 [FS]

Saint-Césaire (locality), 196 [FS]

Saint-Marcel (locality), 194, 268, 269 [FS]

Sais, 149 [GS]

Saiva sect, Saivites (see Shivaites)

Sakkuth (see Siccuth) [GS]

Sakti Puja, 447 [GS]

salamanders, 289, 365 [GS]

Salem (city—see also Jerusalem), 208 [GS]

Salem (deity—see Shalem)

Salim (see Shalem)

Salkeld, David, 349 [PS], 396 [FS]

salt deposits, 381, 453 [FS]

Salt Lake (see Great Salt Lake)

salt lakes, 407, 426 [FS]

Salt Range (India), 417 [FS]

Salummati (see Assurnasirpal)

Samaria Gorge, 415 [FS]

Samas (see Shamash)

Samhain, 353 [GS]

Sammer, Jan, 177, 237, 278 [GS]

Samoans, 197 [GS]

Samse u-mi, 147 [GS]

Samsu (see Shamshu)

Samsuiluna, 208 [GS]

San Antonio, 160 [FS]

San Diego, 488 [GS]

San Dou Ping, 35 [PS], 416 [FS]

San Francisco, 245 [FS], 65 [PS]

San Pedro, 65 [PS]

Sanchoniathon, 123, 279-280, 289 [FS], 28, 168, 225, 272, 432-433, 457 [GS]

Sanctus Spiritus (see also Holy Ghost), 434 [GS]

Sand Reckoner (see Psam-mites, The) [GS]

sand storms, 184, 189 [PS]

sand, 36, 41, 42, 43, 56, 61, 65, 68-69 [PS], 62, 71, 163, 201, 428 [FS]

Sandell, Göran, 467 [GS]

Sanders, E., 79 [PS]

Sanders, Robert, 157 [PS]

Sandpoint, 392 [FS]

sandstone, 211 [PS], 369 [GS], 48, 56 [PS]

Sandstrom, Karin, 234 [PS], 471 [FS]

Sanduleak, 71 [PS]

Sani (see Shani)

Sansbury, Ralph, 166-167 [PS]

Santa Claus (Sinterklaas), 241-242 [GS], 229 [FS]

Santa Monica district & mountains, 69 [PS]

Santorini (ancient Thera), 358, 359, 414 [FS], 38, 40 [PS]

Santos, Nuno, 3 [PS]

Saora, 395 [FS]

sapphires, 341 [PS]

Saqqara, 230 [GS]

Saracens (Sinaitic), 33 [GS]

Sarasin, F., 33 [FS]

Sarasin, P., 33 [FS]

Sardinia, 443 [GS]

Sarna, Nahum M., 297-298 [FS], 269 [GS]

Sarton, George, 103 [GS]

Sarva, 230 [FS]

Sarvadevamaya, 235 [FS]

Sarvalakshana, 235 [FS]

Satan, Shaitan, 347-348 [FS]

Satapatha Brahmana, 196, 269, 270, 305, 310 [GS]

satellites (natural), 4, 12, 127, 138-139, 158-159, 224, 239, 240, 243-244, 271, 275, 276, 279, 307, 346, 356 [PS]

satellites, artificial (see also under own name), 74, 233, 290, 295, 296 [PS], 41, 267, 442, 500 [FS]

satellites, planetary, 153, 324, 339, 504 [FS]

Saterne’s Day (or Daeg), 151 [GS]

Saturday, 138, 235 [FS], 151, 204 [GS]

Saturn (deity—see also Saturnus), 65, 81, 87, 139, 145, 165, 169-170, 172-173, 192, 196, 202, 205, 213, 225, 243, 305, 309, 310-312, 356, 357, 410, 429, 434, 438-439, 441, 446, 448, 451 [GS], 63-64, 346 [PS], 125-126, 128, 132-134, 136, 138, 156, 208-209, 219-220, 228, 230, 233, 235-237, 239, 276, 279-280, 289, 302-303, 306, 312, 315, 347-348, 395, 472, 511 [FS]

Saturn (planet & proto-planet), 53, 65, 92, 104-105, 112-117, 122, 125, 128, 132-133, 135-140, 142-143, 145-147, 149-150, 155, 159-162, 165, 195, 207-208, 214, 217-218, 225-227, 229, 231-233, 235-236, 238, 248-252, 255-259, 261-262, 264-265, 268, 271, 276, 279-280, 283, 285, 287-290, 298, 299, 301-307, 310, 313, 317-319, 325, 327-328, 330, 332-333, 335-343, 345, 348, 365-367, 369-372, 374-376, 382, 385-386, 390-391, 406, 419, 424, 429, 432-440, 467-468, 471-474, 476-477, 479, 482, 484, 486-487, 489-493, 495, 497, 497-498,498, 499, 499-501, 503-504, 507, 509-513 [FS], 6-7, 10, 12-14, 18-19, 22, 26, 46, 50, 52-55, 63-64, 69-70, 75, 78-80, 82-86, 111, 133-134, 136, 138-139, 153, 155, 158-159, 165, 167-169, 172, 234-235, 237, 239-240, 245-247, 249-251, 254-256, 258, 266-273, 277, 278, 279-282, 284, 293, 296, 298, 299, 299-300, 300, 301-302, 304-307, 310, 314-315, 322-326, 333, 335, 336, 337-341, 346, 348, 351-354, 357-358 [PS], 47, 52, 55, 61, 62, 73, 81, 88, 93-94, 108, 109, 110, 118, 119, 120 ff., 142 ff., 154-157, 158, 159 ff., 165 ff., 176, 176 ff., 179 ff., 192 ff., 204 ff., 220 ff., 251-253, 255, 261 ff., 274 ff., 283 ff., 290, 293, 294-295, 297 ff., 302, 305 ff., 321-324, 326, 328, 329, 332, 334, 335, 336, 337, 339-341, 343-345, 348-350, 361, 367-368, 377, 380, 381-383, 385-387, 400, 404, 405, 407, 409-415, 417-420, 422-424, 426-429, 432-435, 437-441, 443, 446-449, 455, 457-459, 461, 463-471, 478-481, 483-493 [GS]

Saturn and the Flood and Jupiter of the Thunderbolt, 177 [GS]

Saturnalia, 137 [GS], 145 [FS], 241-242 [GS]

Saturni Dies, 151 [GS]

Saturnian Sea (see Kronios Okeanos)

Saturn—ring system, 53, 497 [FS]

Saturnus (see also Saturn), 145, 218, 345, 346 [FS], 56, 129, 169-170, 171, 172, 178, 239, 306-307, 356-357, 449 [GS]

Satyavrata, 439 [GS]

Saudi Arabia, 56 [PS]

Sauer, C. O., 444 [FS]

Saura Siddhanta (see Surya Siddhanta)

Saurah, 122 [GS]

sauropods, 119, 123, 125, 126, 127-128, 136, 249 [PS]

Sauvageot, A., 218 [FS]

Savage, Candice, 286, 289 [PS]

Savitri, 137 [FS]

Sba, 61 [GS]

Sbat uatitha, 61 [GS]

scablands, 393, 414 [FS]

scales, 98, 101 ff. [PS]

scaling, 272-273, 281 [FS]

Scandinavia, Scandinavians, 31, 66, 81, 206, 207, 240, 276, 389, 400, 407, 409-410, 417 [FS], 321 [PS], 15, 227, 232 [GS]

scarabs, 116-117, 118, 120 [FS]

Schaefer, Bradley, 45, 368 [FS]

Schaefer, Ingo, 16 [FS]

Scharff, R. F., 203-204 [FS]

Schewe, Philip, 231 [PS]

Schiaparelli, Giovanni, 378 [GS]

Schilling, Govert, 225 [FS], 273 [PS]

Schimper, Carl, 2 [FS]

Schindewolf, Otto, 472 [FS]

Schlegel, Gustave, 95, 310, 311 [GS]

Schneider, D., 410 [FS]

Schneider, Glen, 149 [FS], 467 [GS]

Schneider, Stephen, 269 [PS]

Schott, Albert, 63 [PS]

Schrag, Daniel, 10, 12-13 [FS]

Schroeder, Dan, 326 [GS]

Schroeder, Gerald, 295, 297 [FS], 68 [GS]

Schultz, Gwen, 260 [PS], 404 [FS]

Schultz, Peter, 401-404 [GS]

Schwarz, Norman, 229 [GS]

Schweitzer, Mary, 110-111 [PS]

Science, 12, 81, 377 [FS], 196 [PS], 385 [GS]

Science Digest, 367 [FS]

Science Digest (illustration courtesy of), 299 [PS]

Science News, 355 [FS]

Scientific American, 108, 158 [PS], 333, 334, 399, 401 [GS], 500 [FS]

Scipionyx samniticus, 110 [PS]

Scorpii, U (see U Scorpii)

Scorpio (Scorpius— constellation), 115, 117 [GS]

scorpions, sea, 209 [PS]

Scotese, Christopher, 371 [GS]

Scotland, 3, 6, 84, 215, 355, 409, 420-421, 485, 488 [FS], 43, 57, 208 [PS]

Scott, Donald E., 147, 262, 263, 264, 285, 287, 335, 387 [FS], 291, 330 [PS], 464, 481, 482, 484, 485 [GS]

Scott, Steve, 58 [PS]

scribe(s), 18, 19 [GS]

Scripps Institution of Oce-anography, 286 [GS], 58, 181 [PS]

Scully, Vincent, 96 [FS]

Scythians, 206 [GS]

sea level changes, 22, 24, 55, 190, 363, 377, 387, 397 ff., 402 ff., 405 ff., 408 ff., 411 ff., 419 ff., 422, 425, 427-428, 443, 477 [FS], 64-65, 189, 193-194, 209, 247-248, 264, 321 [PS]

Sea of Passage, 133 [FS]

sea sediments (see deep-sea sediments)

sea shells, 404 [GS]

sea-floor spreading (see also Continental Drift), 11 [FS]

Seager, Sara, 14, 327-328 [PS]

seal, elephant-, 349 [PS]

seals & seal impressions (see bullae)

seals, 407, 426 [FS]

Searle, D. J., 399 [FS]

seas, inland, 39 [PS]

Seasonal Affective Disroder (see under SAD)

seasonality (see climatology)

seasons, 14, 160-164, 195, 204, 258, 267-268, 511 [FS], 67, 105, 107, 307, 350, 351-359, 376-377, 383, 386, 387, 390, 391 [GS]

Sebek (Sebku), 61 [GS]

Sebek-Tum-Ra, 25 [GS]

Sebku (see Sebek)

Sed festival, 149 [GS]

Sedeq (Zedek), 118 [FS]

sedges, 168 [FS]

sediment & sedimentation (land-based & oceanic—see also deep-sea sediments), 33 ff., 43 ff., 52, 56, 58, 65, 69, 199, 209, 212, 219, 226, 267, 315, 338 [PS], 46, 49, 55, 163, 200 [FS], 466 [GS]

Sedna (deity), 439 [FS]

Sedna (planetoid), 439-440, 503-504 [FS]

seeds (fossilized), 404 [FS]

seeds, 133, 198 [PS]

Seeing Red, 476 [GS]

Sefer ha-Razim, 105 [FS]

Segrè, Gino, 13 [FS], 4, 13, 339 [PS]

Seir, 117 [FS]

seismic waves (see earthquakes)

Seismosaurus, 119, 120, 122, 123 [PS]

Seker, 39, 195, 195-196 [GS]

Seker-Asar, 195 [GS]

Sekhmet, 31, 33, 33, 35, 37 [GS]

Seler, Eduard, 315 [GS]

“Self-Created, The,” 307-308 [FS]

Seleucus I, 119 [GS]

Seltzer, Geoffrey, 314 [PS]

Semeniuk, V., 399 [FS]

semes (see shemesh)

Semites, Semitic, 113, 120, 122-124, 126 [FS]

Seneca, 109, 112 [FS], 109, 115 [GS]

sengle das, 64 [PS]

senility, 188 [PS]

Sepkoski, Jack, 214-215 [PS]

Sepphoris, 116 [FS]

Septuagint (see also under Old testament and under Bible), 205, 222 [GS]

Sequoia gigantea (see Red-wood trees)

Serbia, 16, 298 [FS]

Serengeti, 169 [FS], 67 [PS]

Sereno, Paul, 89, 119, 121-122 [PS]

Serpens (constellation), 328 [GS]

serpent(s), snake(s) —mythological, 42, 43, 237, 238 [GS]

Servius, 303 [FS]

Sesostris, 443 [GS]

Set, 108, 228, 313 [FS], 37, 78, 80 [GS]

Sethian cult, 248 [FS]

Sethians, 429, 446 [GS]

Seven Sisters (see Pleiades)

seven, 231 [FS]

Severs, Richard K., 350-351 [FS]

seyfert galaxies, 251 [FS]

Seymour Island, 254, 257 [PS]

SGR 1806-20, 233-234 [PS]

SGR 1900+14, 500 [FS]

Shabbath (see Sabbath)

Shabtai, 137 [FS], 151, 204-205, 207 [GS]

Shackleton, E. H., 369 [GS]

Shackleton, Nicholas, 18, 55 [FS]

Shaddai (Íaddai), 118-120, 122, 132 [FS]

shaitan (see under Satan)

Shakespeare, 5 [GS]

Shala, 210 [GS]

Shalako ritual, 96 [FS]

Shalamanu, 210 [GS]

shale, 48, 58, 60, 65 [PS]

Shalem (Salem, Salim, Shalim—deity), 208 ff., 216 [GS]

Shalim (see Shalem)

Shalmaneser, 210 [GS]

shamans, shamanism, 176, 185, 191, 210 [FS]

Shamash (Samas), 122 ff., 124, 129, 130, 145, 147, 165, 178, 178, 207, 208, 210, 213, 225, 252, 447 [GS], 113, 132, 137 [FS]

Shamshu, 125, 447-448 [GS]

Shang di, Shang-ti, Shang-te (see Huang-ti) [FS]

Shang dynasty, 107 [GS]

Shang-te (see Shang-ti)

Shang-ti (Shang-te), 237, 238, 264 [GS]

Shani Pradosh, 151 [GS]

Shani, 151, 441 [GS], 235-236 [FS]

Shanidar Cave, 177-178 [FS]

Shani-Pradosh, 235 [FS]

Shaniscara, 61, 233, 236 [GS]

Shanivar, 151 [GS], 235 [FS]

Shanks, Hershel, 117 [FS]

Shapley, Harlow, 157 [FS], 304 [PS]

Shapur I, 301 [FS]

Shar Apsi, 220 [FS]

Shark Bay, 210 [PS]

Sharma, Pankaj, 361 [FS]

Shasta, Mount, 423-424 [FS]

Shastika, 208, 389 [FS]

Shaurih, 236 [GS]

Shaviv, Nir, 46 [FS]

Shaw, John, 393-394 [FS]

Shechem, 134 [FS], 223 [GS]

shells & shellfish (see also mollusks), 43, 179 [PS], 84, 182, 407, 428, 477 [FS]

Shem, 301 [FS]

Shem, Paraphrase of, 300, 306 [FS]

shemesh, 125 [GS]

shemsh, 125 [GS]

shepherding moons, 159 [PS]

Sherente, 87 [GS]

Sherrerd, Chris, 410, 411 [GS]

Shetland Islands, 84 [FS]

Shi, 217 [GS]

Shiloh, 134 [FS]

shimsha, 125 [GS]

Shirnapada, 441 [GS]

Shishkino, 206 [FS]

Shiva (death star), 216 [PS]

Shiva (deity), 216 [PS]

Shiva Crater, 225 [PS]

Shiva Purana, 232 [GS], 280 [FS]

Shiva, 227-228, 229, 229-231, 232, 232, 233, 233-239, 241-245, 248, 283, 289, 306, 313 [FS], 31, 147, 233, 447 [GS]

Shivaites, Saiva sect, Saivites, 236, 242, 244 [FS]

Shivatosini, 234 [FS]

Shklovskiy, I. S., 472 [FS]

Shlomoh (see Solomon)

Shoemaker, Carolyn, 416 [GS]

Shoemaker, Eugene, 216 [PS], 416 [GS]

Shoemaker-Levy 9 (see also Comet Shoemaker-Levy 9), 138 [PS]

Shomaker, William, 288 [FS]

shooting stars (see also meteors), 77 [GS]

Showa-Shinzan, 421 [FS]

Shreeve, James, 197-199 [FS]

Shu, 237 [FS], 437, 438, 443, 444, 457 [GS]

Shukra, 61 [GS]

Shulammite (see Shulmanitu)

Shulman (Shulmanu, Shulmanuha, Shulmanuhi), 209-213, 216 [GS]

Shulmanitu (Sulmanitu), 210 [GS]

Shulmanuha (see Shulman)

Shulmanuhi (see Shulman)

Sia, 215 [FS], 339 [GS]

Siamese twins, 481 [FS]

Sibbaldus musculus, 123, 123 [PS]

Siberia, 3, 38, 52, 76, 78, 80-82, 84-85, 169, 179, 186, 189-190, 193, 205-206, 238, 453, 456 [FS], 63, 195, 200, 256-257, 264, 266 [PS], 75, 219, 275, 354, 404, 415, 492 [GS]

Siberian Islands, New (see New Siberian Islands)

Sibt, 151 [GS]

Sibyllines, 227 [FS]

Siccuth (Sakkuth, Sikut, Sikkut), 206-207 [GS]

Sicily, 107 [GS]

Siddhantas, 96 [GS]

Sieff, Martin, 206 [GS]

Siegert, Martin, 85 [FS]

Siegfried and Roy, 475 [FS]

Sigma Orionis, 224 [FS]

Signor, Phil, 465 [FS]

Signor-Lipps effect, 465 [FS]

Sigwarth, John, 41-42 [FS]

Sikkut (see Siccuth)

Sikut (see Siccuth)

Silurian period, 16, 46, 208, 341 [PS], 297, 362 [GS], 9 [FS]

Silverberg, Robert, 306 [PS], 391 [FS]

Simmons, Henry, 155, 157 [GS]

Simon, Christiane (illustrations by), 357 [FS]

Simoni, M., 316 [GS]

Simon-Peter, 396 [FS]

Simplicius, 122 [GS]

Simpson, George Gaylord, 175 [PS]

Simpson, John A., 155 [GS]

Simpson, Sarah, 12-13 [FS]

simsa (see shimsha) [GS]

Sin (deity—also Enzu, Zu-en), 122, 123, 129 [GS], 123 [FS]

Sinai (desert), 117, 135 [FS], 224 [GS]

Sinai, Mount, 117, 122, 124 [FS]

Sing-Li-Ta-Tsiuen-Chou, 420 [FS]

Sinosauropteryx Prima, 97-98 [PS]

Sinterklaas (see Santa Claus)

Sioux (see also Lakota), 390 [GS]

Sippar, 113 [FS], 129 [GS]

Sirius, 56, 118, 173 [GS]

Sitchin, Zecharia, 64-65, 75 [FS]

Sitivrat, 439 [GS]

Siva (see Shiva) [PS]

sixth force, 149, 161 [PS]

Sizemore, Warner B., 163 [GS]

Sjoberg, A. W., 127 [GS], 302 [FS]

skald(s), 14, 15 [GS]

Skanda, 60, 61 [GS]

Skidi (see Pawnee)

Sky & Telescope, 260 [FS], 31 [PS]

sky pillar (see axis mundi)

Slabinski, Victor, 59-60 [FS]

Slavey, 389 [FS]

Sloan, Robert, 222 [PS]

Slomoh (see Solomon) [GS]

sloths, 65 [PS]

sloths, giant, 203, 205, 444, 461 [FS]

Slovenia, 171 [FS]

Small Magellanic Cloud, 354-355 [PS]

Smart, J., 399 [FS]

Smart, W. M., 184, 185 [GS], 324 [FS]

Smilodon, 202, 478 [FS]

Smit, Jan, 200, 209, 230 [PS]

Smith, A. G. (illustration by), 97 [FS], 353, 354 [GS]

Smith, Andrew Lee, 341 [PS]

Smith, Josh, 119 [PS]

Smith, Richard M. (illustrations by), 271, 291 [FS]

Smithey, William, 58 [PS]

Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, 504 [FS]

SN1987A, 288, 318, 432 [FS], 71-73, 301 [PS]

snails, 179, 209 [PS]

Snaith, N. H., 62 [GS]

snakes, 101 [PS], 157, 434 [FS], 365 [GS]

Snake River & Plain, 379, 381, 393 [FS]

snake(s)—mythological (see serpents)

snake-stones, 434 [FS]

Snake, the (cosmic), 245 [PS]

Snake, the (sustained spatial electric discharge), 462 [GS]

Snowball Earth, 12-13 [FS]

Snowblitz Theory, 27-28 [FS]

Snyder, M. A., 392 [GS]

Sobotovich, E., 431 [FS]

Society for Interdisciplinary Studies, 166 [PS], 302 [GS]

Society Islands, 98, 294, 399 [FS]

Socorro, 477 [GS]

Socrates, 47, 49, 177 [GS], 95-96, 100, 101 [FS]

Soderblom, David, 157 [FS], 343 [GS]

Soffer, Olga, 182-183 [FS]

Sol, 115, 303, 304 [FS], 122, 139, 148, 165, 441 [GS]

Sol Indigetes, 139 [GS]

Sol Invictus, 139, 241 [GS]

Sol niger, 148 [GS]

solar flares, prominences, storms, and radiation (see also under flares), 45, 367, 368, 368-369, 372-375, 500-501, 512 [FS]

solar radioflux, 509 [FS]

solar storms, 307 [PS]

Solar System (see also systems, extra-solar), 1-4, 7, 10, 12, 13, 50-52, 70, 73-74, 77, 79, 127, 138, 153, 155, 157, 161, 165, 167-168, 172, 215-216, 223, 227, 230, 234, 239, 266, 276, 279, 281, 304, 324, 326-328, 342-343, 352-353, 356-358 [PS], 16, 34, 38, 45, 46, 53, 64, 91, 107, 109, 110, 112, 139, 150, 153, 159, 161, 255, 257-259, 261, 282, 296-297, 319-322, 324, 326-327, 329-330, 332, 335, 337-338, 342, 345, 366, 367, 376, 429, 432, 435-436, 438-440, 467, 470, 494-495, 499-504, 507, 509-510, 512 [FS], 23, 52, 66, 67, 69, 75, 77, 97, 99, 111, 157, 159, 163, 164, 176, 177, 179 ff., 220, 248, 259, 265, 266, 287, 295, 299-300, 302, 303, 321-326, 328, 329, 330, 331, 332, 334, 337, 339, 340, 342-343, 350, 381-382, 385, 400-402, 405, 411, 414-415, 418-420, 422, 424, 426, 455, 464-465, 469-472, 481, 485, 486, 490, 493 [GS]

solar systems, 161 [GS]

Solar Topographic Hypothesis, 43 [FS]

solar wind, 13-14, 153, 154, 158, 290-291, 327-328 [PS], 160, 282, 287, 368, 473 [FS], 298, 299, 419 [GS]

Solecki, Ralph S., 170, 177 [FS]

Solenhofen, 94, 117 [PS]

Solitude Walker (see Taikómol)

Solomon (Slomoh, Shlomoh) 205, 209 ff. [GS], 108, 134 [FS]

Solomon Islands, 399 [FS]

Solomon, Song of, 210 [GS]

Solomon, Temple of, 108, 116-117, 127, 134, 134-136, 144 [FS], 210-211, 212, 225, 227 [GS]

Solomon, Testament of, 205 [GS]

Solon, 55, 72 [GS]

solstice(s), 102, 105, 118, 241, 351 [GS]

Solutré, 456 [FS]

Soma Pavamana (see Pava-mana) [FS]

Soma, 231, 306 [FS]

Song of Solomon (see Solomon, Song of)

Song, Xiaodong, 377 [FS]

soot, 200-201, 221-222, 237-238 [PS]

Sophists, 43 [GS]

Soque, 288 [GS]

Sorensen, Herbert, 376 [GS]

Sótuknang, 389 [FS]

South Africa, 167, 307 [FS], 280 [GS], 313 [PS]

South America, 10, 11, 73, 151, 155, 182, 202, 214, 307, 309, 391, 397, 407, 426, 444-445, 471, 478 [FS], 278, 284, 374 [GS], 47, 131, 145, 177, 248, 253, 306, 320 [PS]

South Australian Museum, 404 [FS]

South Dakota, 117 [PS]

south pole, 10, 11, 12, 34, 52, 73 [FS], 254, 255, 256, 258, 294, 354, 369, 394, 404, 409, 464 [GS]

south pole (geographic), 200, 258, 294, 316, 318, 320, 322-324, 337 [PS]

south pole (magnetic), 166, 190, 296, 307 [PS]

South, Star of the (see Star of the south)

Southwest Research Institute, 160 [FS]

Soviet Union (see also Russia), 249 [GS]

space age, 489 [FS]

space probes (see spacecraft)

space, outer (cosmic), 15, 50, 74-81, 161, 224, 234, 260, 291, 298, 327, 337-338, 343-344, 353, 358 [PS]

Space.com, 343 [PS]

spacecraft & probes (see also satellites, artificial), 285 [FS]

spacecraft (see also under own names), 31, 74, 77, 154, 233, 243, 352 [PS]

Spain, Spaniards, 3, 182, 184, 189, 215, 240, 455 [FS], 17 [GS], 197, 200 [PS]

Spanish Conquest & Colonialism, 214, 307, 445, 460 [FS]

Spaulding, W. Geoffrey, 361 [FS]

Spedicato, Emilio, 35 [FS], 412, 420 [GS]

Spencer, Patricia, 215 [GS]

Spica, 103 [GS]

spindle of Necessity (see under Necessity)

spirals (artistic), 269, 270 [FS]

spirals (plasmatic), 264, 268-269, 277 [FS]

Spitsbergen, Spitzbergen, 80, 84-85, 206 [FS], 365, 368, 379, 493 [GS]

Spitzer Space Telescope, 301-302 [PS]

Spitzer, Lyman, 337 [PS]

Spokane Flood, 392 [FS]

spokes, Saturnian, 299 [PS]

Spray, John, 212 [PS]

springbok, 444 [FS]

Springville (Arizona), 275 [FS]

spruce trees, 368 [GS], 263 [PS]

squatter image (see mirror image)

squirrels, 67 [PS]

Sri Lanka (Ceylon), 237, 400, 402 [FS]

Ssuma Ts’ien, 237 [GS]

St. Helens, Mount (see Mount St. Helens)

St. Louis, 459 [GS]

Stager, Lawrence, 134 [FS]

stalactites, 375 [FS]

Standring, Paul, 428 [FS]

Stanford Linear Accelerator Laboratory, 68, 411 [GS]

Stanford University, 197 [FS]

star maps, 56 [GS]

Star of the Snow, 338 [GS]

Star of the South, 61, 409-410 [GS]

Star Way, 165 [GS]

Stardust spacecraft, 5 [PS]

starfish, 286 [GS]

stars, 14, 45, 46, 102, 104, 109, 112, 126-127, 146-148, 150-152, 189, 218, 223-225, 249-250, 256, 258-260, 290, 292-293, 296, 308, 315 ff., 317 ff., 333-334, 336-337, 368, 430, 432-433, 470, 491-492, 495, 501, 503-504, 510-511 [FS], 2-8, 18, 27, 31, 50-51, 54, 72, 75-76, 78-81, 84, 155-156, 231, 234, 237, 268, 271, 327, 332, 334-335, 337-338, 353-357 [PS], 56, 59, 61, 63, 67, 77, 95, 96, 100, 101, 103, 105, 116, 117, 118, 148, 173, 175, 180, 229-230, 232, 237, 249-251, 265, 276, 278, 280, 282, 304, 305, 321, 324, 325, 327-328, 332, 334, 335, 336, 337, 340, 341, 343-344, 353, 357, 426, 428, 461, 467-472, 475-478, 481-482, 485-486, 489, 491 [GS]

stars, circumpolar (see circumpolar stars)

Stassun, Keivan, 495 [FS]

steatopygia, 482 [FS]

Stecchini, Livio, 66, 108, 306-307, 311 [GS]

Steel, Duncan, 469-470 [FS]

Stefansson, Vilhjalmur, 2 [FS]

stegodonts, 173 [PS]

Stegosaurus, 350 [PS]

Stein, Ben, 231 [PS]

Steinhauer, Loren C., 54 [FS]

Stella Solis, 122 [GS]

Stenonychosaurus, 94 [PS]

Stephens, John Lloyd, 436 [GS]

Stephenson, Richard, 112 [FS], 117 [GS]

Stephenson, Thomas, 393 [GS]

steppes, 262 [PS]

Stern, Alan, 187, 220, 334 [GS], 330, 435 [FS], 342 [PS]

Stern, Ephraim, 134 [FS]

Stevenson, David, 366 [FS], 401 [GS]

Stevns Klint, 197 [PS]

Sthanu, 231, 236 [FS]

Sthira, Sthirah, 231, 235 [FS], 216 [GS]

Stiebing, Jr., William, 96 [FS]

Stilbon, 55 [GS]

Stockholm, 410 [FS]

Stoics, 43, 45 [GS]

Stone Age (see also under Paleolithic, Mesolithic, and/or Neolithic), 492 [GS]

Stonehenge, 239-240 [FS]

Stothers, Richard, 215-216 [PS]

Stoughton, Richard, 25 [PS]

Strabo, 143 [FS]

strata & stratification (geological—see also geologic strata), 65, 467-468 [FS]

stratigraphical record (see geologic strata)

stratosphere, terrestrial (see atmosphere)

Strickling, James E., 483 [FS], 148, 479 [GS]

strong force, 157 [PS]

Strong, James, 429 [GS]

Stuchenrath, R., 319 [PS]

Stutzer, Otto, 48 [PS]

Styracosaurus, 350 [PS]

Sublician Bridge, 108 [FS]

Subrahmanya, 60 [GS]

subtrons, 167 [PS]

Sudan, 173-174, 201, 280 [GS]

Sudbury (Ontario), 431 [FS]

Sue (the dinosaur), 117 [PS]

Sues, Hans-Dieter, 89, 91, 133, 350-351 [PS]

Suess, H. E., 52 [FS]

Suffolk, 427 [FS]

Suhail (Suhayl, Sahel), 276 [GS]

Suhayl (see Suhail)

Suhr, Elmer, 67, 448, 452-453, 455 [GS]

suicides, 508 [FS]

sulfur (sulphur), 2, 63, 291 [PS], 36, 500 [FS], 286, 288, 289, 290, 291 [GS]

sulfuric acid, 286, 289 [GS]

Sullivan, Walter, 59 [PS]

Sulmanitu (see Shulmanitu)

sulphur (see sulfur)

Sumatra, 280 [GS], 402, 420 [FS]

Sumer, Sumerians, 63, 115, 138 [GS], 64, 104, 106, 125, 209, 213 [FS]

Sun of Fire, 64 [PS]

sun of righteousness, 127 [FS]

sun spots, 92-93, 164 [GS]

Sun Stone (Calendar Stone), 318 [GS]

sun wheels, 127, 128, 129 [FS]

Sun, 1-3, 7, 10, 12-13, 15, 17-20, 31-32, 50, 52-53, 74-75, 77, 82, 83, 83, 85-86, 127, 132, 136, 138, 150-151, 152, 154-155, 158, 167, 169, 172, 193, 198, 215-216, 227, 233, 256, 260-262, 266, 269, 271, 276, 289-290, 293, 296, 304-305, 309, 314, 324, 326, 327-329, 335, 337-339, 341-343, 346, 351-354, 357-358 [PS], 14, 30, 31, 34, 36, 38, 40, 43-46, 51, 54, 56, 61, 64, 102, 104-105, 109, 110, 112-114, 127, 137, 142, 150-157, 159-160, 162, 195, 214, 223, 225, 228, 238, 250, 255, 257-262, 264, 268, 281-283, 285, 287-288, 290, 292-293, 296, 303-304, 306, 308, 320, 322, 325-326, 332-335, 337-338, 343, 345, 367, 368, 368-369, 371-376, 382, 385-386, 391, 397, 405, 432, 435-437, 439-440, 470, 473-474, 487, 489, 492, 495, 497, 500-504, 506-507, 509-513 [FS], 23-26, 51, 67, 71, 72, 84, 89, 90, 93, 95, 96, 99, 100-103, 105-107, 109, 116, 117, 121 ff., 131 ff., 147, 148, 149, 153, 155, 156, 158, 159, 162, 163, 164, 165, 173, 177, 179-182, 187, 189, 190-191, 192, 194, 201, 202, 203, 207, 217, 219, 225, 226, 230, 248-249, 251-253, 275-280, 282, 284, 286, 288, 293, 294-295, 297, 299, 304, 305, 311, 312, 316, 321-324, 326, 327, 328, 329, 336-343, 345, 348-349, 351, 357, 367, 375, 377, 380-382, 385, 390, 402, 404, 412-414, 418-420, 422-424, 426, 447-448, 452-453, 462, 464, 465, 468, 469, 470, 471, 477, 478, 481, 483, 485, 490-493 [GS]

Sundaland, 402 [FS]

Sunday Telegraph, The, 41 [FS]

Sungir, 183 [FS]

sunspots and sunspot cycle, 45, 161-164, 373 [FS]

suovetaurilia, 93 [FS]

super-aurorae, brown dwarf, 501, 502 [FS]

superflares (stellar), 45, 368-369, 501 [FS]

supernovae (see also under novae), 95, 426 [GS]

Suraj, 132, 216 [GS]

Surya Siddhanta, 95 [GS]

Surya, 122, 132, 133, 165, 216, 218, 233, 252 [GS], 137, 139, 228 [FS]

Surya, Temple of, 233 [GS]

Suryaputrah, 122 [GS]

Sussman, Gerald, 180 [GS]

Svalbard islands, Svalbard archipelago, 11, 13 [FS], 365 [GS]

Svayambhu, 233 [GS]

Svensmark, Henrik, 46-47 [FS]

Svetasvatara Upanishad, 309 [GS]

Svitil, Kathy, 101, 104, 210 [PS], 324, 328, 335, 469 [GS]

swamps (also bogs), 42, 46, 114, 117, 122-123, 238 [PS]

swans, 351 [PS]

swastika, 28-29 [GS]

Sweden, 17 [GS], 62, 288 [PS]

Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, 13 [FS]

Swiss Society of Natural Sciences, 2 [FS]

Switzerland, 177 [GS], 57 [PS], 81 [FS]

Syene (Aswan), 101-102 [GS]

sympathetic magic (see magic, sympathetic)

symposium (Greek), 6-7 [GS]

synagogues, 105, 115-117, 122, 128 [FS]

synchrotron radiation, 74 [PS]

Syntaxis (see Almagest)

syphilis, 171 [FS]

Syracuse, 108 [GS]

Syria, Syrians, 62, 78, 81, 135, 209, 241 [GS], 122, 240 [FS]

systems, extra-solar, 1-3, 8, 76, 268, 355-357 [PS]

Szabo, Barney, 22 [FS]

Szarzynska, Krystyna, 63 [GS], 106 [FS]

Szebehely, V., 180 [GS]

 

T

 

T Coronae, 317 [FS]

T Pyxidis, 317 [FS], 73, 75 [PS]

T Saggitae, 317 [FS]

T Tauri stars, 6 [PS]

T’ien-Sing, 93 [GS]

T’ien-Tchou, 237 [GS]

ta Maria, Tania, 65 [FS]

Ta’aroa (see also Ta’urua), 282 [GS], 312 [FS]

Ta’urua (see also Ta’aroa), 56 [GS]

Ta’urua-e-hiti-Matavai, 56 [GS]

Ta’urua-o-rai’i-taetae’a-o- Havai’i-i-te-tua, 56 [GS]

Taanach, 116, 123 [FS]

Tabasco, 288 [GS]

Tabernacle (Israelite), 144 [FS], 205-206, 227 [GS]

Table Mountain (California), 479 [FS]

Tacitus, 206 [GS]

Tadmor, 212-213 [GS]

Tahiti, Tahitians, 56, 141, 282 [GS], 294, 312 [FS]

Tahitumu (see Ta’aroa)

Taikó-mol, 197, 240, 276, 449 [GS]

Tainos, 397 [FS]

Talbott, David N., 124, 218, 265, 298, 325 [FS], 136, 276 [PS], 26, 137, 177, 192, 202, 215, 216, 222, 243, 261, 265, 298-299, 405, 406, 409, 410, 411, 412, 415, 417-420, 422, 439, 441, 451, 458, 459, 462-463, 486, 487, 488 [GS]

Talcott, Richard, 271 [PS]

Talmud, 61, 429 [GS]

Talmud, Babylonian, 104 [FS]

Tambora, Mount, 383 [FS]

Tane, 312 [FS]

Tangaloa, 197 [GS]

Tanzania, 311, 313, 315 [PS]

Tao Teh Ching, 272 [GS]

Tao, Taoism, 218, 223 [FS], 263-264, 271, 438, 457 [GS]

tapas, 371 [FS]

tapirs, 365, 375, 383, 385 [GS], 444 [FS]

Tappen, Neil, 177 [FS]

tar (see naphtha)

tar sands, 56, 60-61, 66 [PS]

Tara, 56 [GS]

Tarantula Nebula, 71 [PS]

Tartarus, 275 [GS]

Tasmania, Tasmanians, 3, 402-403 [FS]

Tasmania, University of, 225 [PS]

Tatenen (Tenen), 214 [GS]

Tattersall, Ian, 181, 199 [FS]

Tau Bootis, 327 [GS]

Taube, Karl (illustration by), 440 [GS]

Taurids, 277 [PS]

Taurus (constellation), 87, 117 [GS], 54 [PS]

Taylor, Frank B., 392 [GS]

Taylor, J. Glen, 117, 126 [FS], 225 [GS]

Taylor, Joseph, 318 [FS]

Taymyr Peninsula, 3 [FS]

Tchou-niou-tchi-chin, 237 [GS]

Tcirkwena, 388 [GS]

technology, 489 [FS]

Tectonic forces (see diastrophism) [PS]

tectonic uplift (see diastro-phism) [FS]

Tegler, Stephen, 439 [FS]

Teichert, Curt, 366 [GS]

tektites & microtektites, 198, 200, 203, 208, 212, 219, 279 [PS], 438 [FS]

Tel Aviv University, 333 [GS]

Tempel 1, Comet, 5 [PS]

Temple of Solomon (see Solomon, Temple of)

Temple, Robert, 173 [GS]

Temu (see Atum)

Tenen (see Tatenen)

Tennesen, Michael, 294 [GS]

Tennessee, 241 [FS]

Tennessee, 469 [GS]

Terebey, Susan, 334, 427 [GS]

terella experiments, 290-291, 293, 293, 294, 295, 296, 304 [PS]

Teresi, Dick, 163 [PS]

Tertiary period (see also Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary), 7, 416, 420 [FS], 16, 47, 95-96, 134, 179-180, 195-197, 203, 212, 222, 236, 248, 250, 257 [PS], 361-362, 365, 366, 368, 371, 372, 375, 379, 381, 384, 386, 394, 398, 422, 491 [GS]

Teshub, 125 [FS]

Tesla, 101 [GS]

Testament of Solomon (see Solomon, Testament of )

Tet (see Djed)

Teta, Text of, 133 [FS], 214 [GS]

Tetrabiblos, 97 [GS]

Teutons, 240 [FS]

Texas, 160, 471 [FS], 65, 112, 182, 202, 203, 255 [PS]

Texas A&M University, 62 [FS]

Texcoco, 84 [GS]

Text of Teta (see Teta, Text of)

Tezcatlipoca, 39, 410, 441 [GS]

Thales, 105 ff. [GS]

Thamus, 17, 20 [GS]

Than, Ker, 12, 328-329 [PS]

Thar Desert, 201, 394 [FS]

Tharsis (Martian volcanic area), 401 [GS]

theatre of Polycleitos the Younger, 94 [FS]

theatres, 92, 94 [FS]

Theogony, 279 [FS]

Theophrastus, 100 [GS]

Theos, 396 [FS]

Thera (see Santorini)

therizinosaurs, 109 [PS]

thermal action & agitation, 473-474 [FS]

thermonuclear & nuclear detonations (see under nuclear)

theropods, 96, 106, 117 [PS]

thescelosaurus, 93 [PS]

Thespis, 5 [GS]

Theuns, Tom, 76 [PS]

Theuth (see Thoth)

Thibaut, G., 96 [GS]

Thompson III, William I., 54 [FS]

Thompson, Eric, 153 [GS]

Thompson, Lonnie, 315 [PS]

Thompson, R. C., 121, 123, 163 [GS]

Thomson, William, 343 [PS]

Thornhill, Wallace (photograph by), 323 [FS]

Thornhill, Wallace, 185, 298-300, 301, 302, 324, 339, 340, 343, 345, 349, 381, 383, 412, 419-420, 422-423, 461-463, 465, 468, 475-482, 484-489 [GS], 42-43, 149, 159-160, 256, 262, 282-283, 286, 287, 332, 369, 438, 440, 504 [FS], 74-75, 78, 81-82, 163, 166-169, 172, 240-241, 244, 327, 331, 333, 335, 337, 346, 358 [PS]

Thorpe, Nick, 61, 387 [FS]

Thoth (Theuth), 17, 17, 18, 20 [GS]

Three Gorges Dam, 35 [PS], 416 [FS]

Throne, Divine, 208 [FS]

Throop, Wayne, 139 [PS]

thrushes, 24 [PS]

thunder, 197, 198, 200, 202 [GS], 201 [GS]

thunderbolts (mytho-historical), 98 [FS]

thunderbolts (terrestrial & cosmic—see also lightning), 277, 345-346, 348-349, 351 [PS], 367, 434 [FS]

Tiamat, 266-267, 269 [GS], 302 [FS]

Tianquiztli (see Pleiades)

Tiberius Claudius Felix, 303-304 [FS]

Tibet, 107 [GS], 84, 85 [FS]

Tibetan Plateau, 31, 66, 84, 202, 416, 418 [FS]

tidal forces, 2, 9, 138-139, 281, 282, 284, 354 [PS]

tidal waves (see also tsunamis), 392, 426-427 [FS], 466 [GS], 43, 46, 67, 69, 198 [PS]

tides & tidal action, 57, 375 [FS]

tides (atmospheric), 253 [GS]

tides (crustal)—see tides (lithospheric)

tides (lithospheric), 253 [GS]

tides (oceanic), 253, 257-258 [GS]

Tien Shan mountains, 3, 418 [FS]

Tierney, Tom (illustration by), 130 [PS]

Tierra del Fuego, 444 [FS]

tigers, Bengal, 475 [FS]

tigers, saber-toothed, 205, 444, 476 [FS], 65, 265 [PS]

tigers, white, 475, 475 [FS]

Tikhov, A. G., 18 [PS]

Tilak, Bâl Gangâdhar, 260 [PS]

till (see also drift), 6, 11, 62, 72 [FS]

tillite, 8 [FS]

Timaeus, 54 [GS]

time, 195, 209, 211, 231, 258, 296-297, 370, 511 [FS], 47, 305 ff., 341, 492 [GS]

TIME, 193 [PS], 468 [GS]

Time, Father of, 209 [FS]

Time, Lord of, 209, 212 [FS]

Time (personified), 170, 240, 262, 282, 307 ff. [GS]

Time-Life Books, 454 [FS]

Timocharis of Alexandria, 103 [GS]

Timor, 114, 403 [FS]

Tinas, 241 [FS]

tippe-top, 56-57, 58, 58-61 [FS]

Tisdall, Paul, 215, 216 [PS]

Titan (demi-god), 114 [FS]

Titan (satellite), 431 [FS], 54-55 [PS]

Titicaca, Lake, 314-315 [PS]

Titius, Daniel, 319 [FS]

Titius, Johann Daniel, 181, 182 [GS]

Titius-Bode Law, 319-320, 324 [FS], 73, 179, 181-184, 186 [GS]

Tlacolteutl, 40, 42 [GS]

Tlascala, 241 [FS]

Tlingit, 197 [GS]

TMR-1, 334, 427 [GS]

TMR-1C, 334 [GS]

Todkopf, Oscar, 172, 174 [FS]

Tohoku University, 210 [PS]

Tohu, 307, 309 [PS]

Tokyo, 250 [FS]

Tolbert, Margaret, 55 [PS]

Tollmann, Alexander, 442 [FS]

Toltecs, 314 [GS]

Tompkins, Peter, 47 [FS]

Tonalamatl, 89 [GS]

Tonatiuh, 316, 318 [GS]

Tongva Indians, 436 [FS]

Tonnelat, E., 168 [GS]

tools (prehistoric), 169, 171, 174-177, 180-182, 193, 196-197, 199, 206, 252, 404, 427, 448, 450, 484 [FS], 129, 173, 264 [PS]

Toomer, G. J., 115, 116 [GS]

Topiltzin, 314 [GS]

Torguerson, T., 399 [FS]

tornadoes, 437, 438, 459, 463 [GS], 74, 148, 283, 284, 284-285 [FS]

Toro (asteroid), 320 [FS]

Toronto, University of, 58-59 [PS]

Torralba, 455 [FS]

tortoise (mythological), 237, 238 [GS]

tortoises (see also turtles), 365, 375, 382, 385 [GS]

totem pole(s), 449, 450 [GS]

Toth, Nicholas, 174-175 [FS]

Toxodon, 202 [FS]

trade, in prehistoric times, 182 [FS]

tragedy (see also drama), 92, 95 [FS]

Transantarctic Mountains, 317, 318, 319-321 [PS], 369 [GS]

Transbaikal mountains, 418 [FS]

Tredennick, M., 54 [GS]

tree rings, 164 [FS], 374-377 [GS]

Tremaine, Scott, 158 [PS], Scott, 328 [GS]

Tresman, Harold, 177, 192 [GS], Harold, 70 [PS]

Treta Yuga, 395 [FS]

Trevor-Roper, Hugh, 463 [FS]

triangle, musical (primitive), 172, 174 [FS]

Triassic period, 16, 194, 207, 209-210, 212, 225 [PS], 362, 365, 374, 398 [GS], 9 [FS]

Triceratops, 170 [PS]

Trifiletti, Daniel, 69 [GS]

trilobites, 188, 208, 209, 211, 233 [PS]

Trimmer, Joshua, 6 [FS]

Trimurti, 231, 232, 233, 234, 239 [FS]

Trinidad, 65 [PS]

Trinkaus, Erik, 196 [FS]

Triton (Tritos), 28 [GS]

Triton (satellite), 155, 435 [FS], 187 [GS], 3 [PS]

Tritonis, Lake, 28 [GS]

Tritos (see Triton)

Trojan War, 16 [GS]

Trojans, 28 [GS]

Tromsø, 286 [PS]

Troodon, 255 [PS]

tropics, 3, 8, 10, 17, 25, 34, 36, 87-88, 167 [FS]

Troy, 28, 81 [GS]

True North Gems, 341 [PS]

Truran, Jr., James, 231 [PS]

Tsimshian, 151 [FS]

Tsuboi, Yohko, 250 [FS]

tsunamis (see also tidal waves), 38, 43, 202, 203, 225, 247 [PS], 414, 437, 466-467, 471, 477, 479, 485 [FS]

Tsze-wei, 237 [GS]

Tuamotu Islands, 399 [FS]

Tuat (see Duat) [GS]

tube worms, 286, 287 [GS]

Tucker, W., 472 [FS]

tundra, 80-81 [FS], 263, 265 [PS]

Tungus, 238 [FS]

Tunguska, 75, 415 [GS]

Tunguska blast (named & inferred), 195, 200 [PS]

Tunguska fireball, 415 [GS]

Tunguska impact, 364, 431, 441 [FS]

Tunisia, 17 [GS], 180 [PS], 407, 426 [FS]

Tupinambas, 481 [FS]

Turekian, Karl, 199 [PS]

Turk, Ivan, 171-172 [FS]

Turkey, 241 [GS], 60-61 [PS], 95, 275, 277 [FS]

Turnbull, Colin M., 483 [FS]

turtles (see also tortoises), 365 [GS], 91, 99, 179 [PS]

Turunbulun, 441 [GS]

TVLM513-46546, 83 [PS]

TWA 5A, 250 [FS]

TWA 5B, 250 [FS]

Twose, Mike, 160-161 [FS], 172 [PS]

Tycho (lunar crater), 245 [PS]

Tylor, Edward, 4 [GS]

Tyndall, John, 262 [PS], 29, 30 [FS]

Typhon, 37, 78 [GS]

Tyrannosaurus Rex (& related  tyrannosaurs), 102-103, 106, 107, 109, 110, 117, 119, 170, 350 [PS]

Tyre, 123 [FS], 78, 135, 432 [GS]

Tyrol, 442 [FS]

12th Planet, The, 64 [FS]

2002 AW 197, 436 [FS]

2MASS 0415-0935, 149, 157, 250 [FS]

2MASS 0415-0935, 271 [PS]

2MASS1207-3932, 492 [FS]

Tzab (see Pleiades)

Tzolkin, 89 [GS]

 

U

 

U Scorpii, 317 [FS]

U. S. Geological Survey, photographs by, 384, 386 [FS]

U.S.S.R., 473 [FS]

Uganda, 3, 25 [FS], 311 [PS]

Ugarit (see also Ras Shamra), 30, 31, 223, 224 [GS], 299, 348 [FS]

UK Electrical Research Association, 74 [PS]

Ukraine, 182-184 [FS], 212 [PS]

Ultrasaurus, 120, 123-124 [PS]

ultraviolet (actinic) radiation, 15, 17-27, 31, 51, 55, 226-227, 233, 327, 332 [PS], 148, 374, 429, 473-474 [FS], 293, 482 [GS]

Ulysses spacecraft, 153 [PS], 462 [GS]

Unas, 20, 37, 230 [GS]

Unas, pyramid of, 20, 230 [GS]

Underworld (see also Netherworld), 25 [GS]

Unenlagia comahuensis, 96-97 [PS]

UNESCO World Heritage Site, 457 [FS]

Ungnad, Arthur (illustration by), 116 [GS]

ungulates, 444 [FS]

uniformitarianism, 179 ff. [GS], 3, 21, 26, 413-414, 463-464, 468-470, 483 [FS], 35, 41, 188 [PS]

United States (of America—see also North America), 78, 169, 265, 276, 391, 399, 409 [FS], 61, 98, 296, 306, 307 [PS], 83, 249, 332 [GS]

United States Geological Survey, 200, 220 [PS]

Universe (cosmos), 27 ff., 53, 73-74, 76-77, 79, 140, 146, 156, 159-160, 164-165, 169, 187, 227, 298 [PS], 139, 146, 148, 255, 257, 276, 293, 295-298, 316, 366-367, 490-491, 494 [FS], 96, 99, 100, 163, 167, 186, 250, 298, 300, 306, 324, 405, 472, 474, 481 [GS]

Universities (see under own name)

University of Arizona, 468 [GS]

University of Bergamo, 34, 35 [FS], 412 [GS]

University of Birmingham, 405 [FS]

University of California, 265, 477, 488 [GS], 35, 407, 465 [FS]

University of Cambridge, 11 [FS]

University of Chicago, 155 [GS], 429 [FS]

University of Florida, 226 [FS]

University of Hawaii, 477 [GS]

University of Hong Kong, 84 [FS]

University of Illinois, 295, 297 [GS]

University of Lethbridge, 407 [GS]

University of London Observatory, 155 [GS]

University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, 267 [FS]

University of Pittsburgh, 332 [GS]

University of Quebec, 30 [FS]

University of St. Andrews, 16 [FS]

University of Tasmania, 392 [GS]

University of Texas, 328 [GS]

University of Texas (El Paso), 359 [FS]

University of the New World, 177 [GS]

University of Utah, 504 [FS]

University of Wisconsin, 177 [FS]

Unmoved Mover, 218 [FS]

Upanishads, 439 [GS]

Updike, John, 349-351 [PS]

Upham, Warren, 393 [FS]

Uppsala, 288 [PS]

Ur, 117 [GS], 400 [FS]

Ural Mountains (Urals), 3, 52 [FS]

uranium, 230 [PS], 286 [GS]

Uranus (deity—see also Ouranos), 280 [FS]

Uranus (planet), 53, 61, 65, 154-155, 332, 341-342, 431, 435 [FS], 54, 158-159, 160, 281-282, 354, 356 [PS], 72, 181, 186-187, 266, 326, 329, 332, 382, 383, 400, 407, 411, 470, 471 [GS]

Urbino, University of, 220 [PS]

Urey, Harold C., 362, 463-465 [FS], Harold, 15, 17, 195, 345 [PS], Harold, 256-257 [GS]

Ursa Major (see also Great Bear), 233 [GS]

Ursa Minor (Ursaea Minoris), 102, 439 [GS]

Ursae Majoris (47), 470 [GS]

Ursae Minoris, 188 [FS]

Urt, 215 [GS]

Uruguay, 70 [FS]

Uruk, 106 [FS], 63, 198 [GS]

Urusalim (see Jerusalem)

Usener, H., 4 [GS]

Ussher, Bishop, 66 [GS]

Usu volcano, 421 [FS]

Utah, 392 [FS], 46, 109, 208 [PS]

Uzza, 33 [GS]

 

V

 

Vail, Isaac Newton, 140, 141 [FS], 274-275, 282, 283 [PS], 385 [GS]

Vaishvanara, 310 [GS]

Vaivasvata (Vivasvant), 114 [FS]

vajra, 434 [FS]

Val de Bagnes, 2 [FS]

Valais, 177 [GS]

Valhalla, 287 [PS]

Valkyries, 287 [PS]

Valletta, 442 [GS]

Valparaiso, 407 [FS]

Van Allen belts, 296 [PS]

Van Andel, Tjeerd, 24, 399 [FS]

van der Waerden, B. L., 106, 265 [GS]

Van Flandern, Thomas, 186-187, 471 [GS], Tom, 322, 323, 324-331, 436, 438, 504 [FS]

Van Over, Raymond, 272 [GS], 307 [FS]

vanadium, 286 [GS]

Vanand, 409 [GS]

Vancouver (British Columbia), 151, 394 [GS]

Vanderbilt University, 469 [GS]

Vandermeersch, B., 196 [FS]

Vanguard I, 254 [GS]

varicose veins, 150 [PS]

Varius Avitus (same as Emperor Elagabalus)

Varro, 167, 239 [GS]

Varuna, 167, 168-169, 269, 310 [GS], 306 [FS]

Varuna (KBO), 436 [FS]

varves, 161-164 [FS]

Vatican, 293, 295 [FS], 68 [GS]

Vaughan, Raymond C., 185, 189 [GS]

Vaughan, Raymond, 352 [PS]

Vayne, P., 90 [FS]

Vedas, 96, 142, 150, 220, 306, 371 [FS], 131 [GS]

Veddas, 402 [FS]

vegetation (see plants)

Vela (supernova), 426 [GS]

Vela supernova, 260, 288 [FS]

Velikovsky, Immanuel, 40, 75, 81, 89, 95, 101, 107, 108, 109, 145, 154, 176-177, 182, 189, 202, 209, 315, 322, 323, 378, 379, 407, 408, 410, 472 [GS], 42-43, 46-47, 49, 62-64, 66, 68-69, 90-91, 127, 134, 136, 151, 165, 166, 196, 247, 279, 345 [PS], 6, 8, 10, 51-53, 55-57, 59-63, 65, 71, 76, 80, 83, 84, 124, 150, 228, 289-290, 313, 314, 315, 317, 319, 322, 325, 332, 338, 342, 355, 358, 362, 366, 367, 376, 396, 411, 426, 444, 453, 469, 470 [FS]

Velociraptor, 102-104, 105, 107, 118, 170 [PS]

Venetz, Ignatz, 2 [FS]

Venezuela, 217, 337 [GS], 445, 450 [FS], 60, 65 [PS]

Venezuelan Basin, 212 [PS]

Venturini, Catherine, 299 [PS]

Venus (deity), 56, 80 [GS]

Venus (goddess), 240 [FS]

Venus (planet—see also Evening Star), 1, 3, 224, 282, 284, 323, 326-327 [PS], 23-24 , 33, 52, 54, 56, 59, 61, 62, 64, 72, 76, 78, 81, 84, 88, 90-92, 101, 118, 120, 130, 173, 180, 181, 182, 186-188, 189, 190-191, 198, 206, 208, 210, 302, 303, 315, 322, 348, 379, 381, 385, 400, 407, 408, 470 [GS], 52, 57, 105, 106, 112, 113, 153-154, 159, 228, 234, 257, 285, 332, 366 [FS]

Venus tablets (see Ninsianna Tablets)

Verkhoyansk Mountains, 169 [FS]

Verlioka, 441 [GS]

Vermont (Quebec), 426 [FS]

Veronica, Mount, 316 [PS]

Verschuur, Gerrit, 429 [FS]

Very Large Array, 477 [GS]

vestal virgins, 443 [GS]

Veverka, Joseph, 151-152 [PS]

Vézère River, 180 [FS]

Viaud, J., 219 [FS]

Victoria (Australia), 401 [FS]

Victoria (B.C.), 71 [FS]

Vienna Codex, 437 [GS]

Viking mission (Swedish), 276 [FS]

Viking Orbiter, 402 [GS]

Viking orbiters, 323 [PS]

Vikings, 287 [PS]

Vilks, Gustav, 82 [FS]

Villahermosa, 288 [GS]

vine, grape (see grape vine) [GS]

Viracocha (see Kon Tiki Viracocha)

Virchow, 101 [GS]

Virginia, University of, 355 [PS]

Virginis (70), 327 [GS]

Virgo (constellation & cluster), 319 [FS], 103 [GS], 76, 235 [PS]

Virgo A, 146 [FS]

Virolleaud, 127 [GS]

Virtual Planet Laboratory (Caltech), 31 [PS]

viruses, 25 [PS]

Visakha, 234 [FS]

Vishnu Purana, 196, 233 [GS]

Vishnu, 220, 221, 228, 230-231, 232, 232, 233, 239 [FS], 233, 235, 236, 246, 310, 440, 449, 451 [GS]

Vitaliano, Dorothy B., 420-421, 423 [FS], 13, 22 [GS]

vitamin D, 25-26 [PS]

Vitebsky, Piers, 98 [FS]

Vivasvant (see Vaivasvata)

Vladimirskij, B. M., 367 [FS]

Voguls, 218-219 [FS], 63 [PS]

volcanism (Ionian), 383 [GS]

volcanism (Martian), 401, 403-404 [GS]

volcanoes & volcanism (see also volcanism), 17, 19, 38, 40, 59-60, 185, 189-194, 197-199, 201, 203, 210, 219-220, 248-249, 251, 266, 304, 316, 338-339 [PS]

volcanoes & volcanism (lunar), 219, 279 [PS]

volcanoes & volcanism (planetary & asteroidal), 55, 152, 154, 323 [PS]

volcanoes & volcanism (terrestrial), 201, 297, 404 [GS], 12, 31 ff., 47, 48, 51, 57, 62, 63, 71, 78, 358, 377, 378, 378-379, 380, 381, 381, 382, 382, 383, 383, 384, 385, 386, 393, 399, 414, 418, 420-421, 423-424, 432-434, 443, 466-467, 470-471, 478-479, 484, 488, 507, 509, 512 [FS]

voles, 475-476 [FS]

Volta, S., 56 [PS]

Voltaire, 248 [FS]

volume, 140 [PS]

Völuspa, 272 [GS], 207 [FS]

von Dechend, Hertha, 23, 52, 65, 146, 149, 165, 194, 201, 222, 243-244, 307, 320, 454-455 [GS]

von Guericke, Otto, 291 [PS]

von Humboldt, Alexander, 2, 14 [FS]

Vostok, 317-318, 322 [PS]

Voyager, spacecrafts, 159, 328 [PS]

Voyager 1, 157, 294-295 [GS]

Voyager 2, 157, 382 [GS], 338-339 [FS]

Vrba, Frederick, 149, 251 [FS], 271 [PS]

Vrishityavagrahakarako bhaumah, 234 [FS]

Vsekhsvyatskii, S. K., 338 [FS]

vultures, 65 [PS]

 

W

 

Wachoga, 441 [GS]

Wadia, D. M., 67, 416 [FS]

Wainwright, G. A., 81 [GS]

Wakan Tanka, 370 [FS]

Wake, Staniland, 139 [GS], 91, 396 [FS]

Wakulla Springs (caverns), 427 [FS]

Wales, 412 [FS]

wallabies, 349 [PS]

Wallace, Alfred Russel, 175 [PS], 443 [FS]

walnut trees, 385 [GS]

Wanadi, 217, 337 [GS]

Ward, Peter, 219 [PS]

Warlow, Peter, 14, 179, 184-185 [GS], 21, 38, 55-63, 65, 342, 352, 360, 364-365, 376, 398 [FS], 38, 180, 188 [PS]

Warren, Stephen, 76 [PS]

Warren, William F., 140 [FS], 226-227, 229, 236-237, 239, 243, 361 [GS]

Wars of Gods and Men, The, 64 [FS]

Warshofsky, Fred, 175 [PS]

wart hogs, 351 [PS]

Warwick, James, 374 [FS]

Washington State, 67, 379, 385, 392-393, 421-423, 455 [FS]

Washington University, 166, 219 [PS]

Washington, Warren, 372 [GS]

Wasson, John, 35 [FS]

water spouts, 437 [GS]

water(s), celestial, cosmic, 219-223, 227, 230, 280, 289, 302, 303-305, 308-309, 395, 510 [FS]

Watts, Alan, 2 [GS]

Watusi (Batusi), 174 [PS]

weak force, 157 [PS]

weapons (prehistoric), 169, 181-183, 185, 196, 206, 213, 252, 448, 450, 454-456 [FS], 129, 173, 264 [PS]

weather (see meteorology)

Webb, Peter-Noel, 320 [PS]

Weed, William, 88, 103-104 [PS]

weeds, 43 [PS]

Wegener, Alfred, 143 [PS], 176, 392 [GS]

Weimar, 479 [FS]

Weinberg, Martin, 355 [PS]

Weinfeld, M., 206 [GS]

Weinstock, Maia, 271 [PS], 333 [FS]

Weintraub, David, 3 [PS]

Weir, John, 322 [GS]

Wells, William, 175 [PS]

Welt-Eis-Lehre, 275 [PS]

Wescott, Roger Williams, 297 [FS]

Wescott, Roger, 2, 4, 20, 139, 192, 346 [GS]

Wesemael, Francois, 232 [PS]

West Indies, 438 [GS]

Western Desert (Egypt), 49 [FS]

Weston, Connecticut, 83 [GS]

Westropp, Hodder, 139 [GS], 91, 240, 245, 248 [FS]

Westward Ho, 399 [FS]

Wetherhill, George, 187 [GS]

Wexler, Harry, 31, 33, 381 [FS]

Weyer, Edward, 394 [GS], 397 [FS]

Wezel, Forese Carlo, 220 [PS]

whales, 206, 407, 426-427 [FS], 37, 123, 123 [PS], 492-493 [GS]

Whalley, P., 221 [PS]

Wharton, Robert, 294 [GS]

wheat, 354 [GS]

Wheeler, P., 275 [GS]

Whee-me-me-ow-ah, 220 [FS]

Whipple, Fred, 5, 201 [PS]

white dwarf stars, 325 [GS], 335 [FS], 73, 78 [PS]

White Sea, 80 [FS]

White, John, 34, 48, 58, 78, 351 [FS]

White, Simon, 159-160 [PS]

White, Tim, 174-175 [FS]

Whitmire, Daniel, 217 [PS]

Whitteir, 67 [FS]

Whydah, 241 [FS]

Wi, 371 [FS]

Wickramasinghe, Chandra, 20 [PS], 35 [FS]

Wieland, Carl, 111 [PS]

Wiencke-Lotz, Hildegard, 16-17 [GS]

Wigand, Peter, 361 [FS]

wigwam, 210 [FS]

Wilby, P. R., 184 [PS]

Wild 2, Comet, 5 [PS]

wildebeest skeletons, 39 [PS]

Wilford, Francis, 228 [FS]

Will, Clifford, 166 [PS]

Willerslev, Eske, 265 [PS]

Williams, Darren, 154 [FS]

Williams, Kurtis, 272 [PS]

willows, 168 [FS]

Wilson, A. T., 61 [PS]

Wilson, Alex, 28-29 [FS]

Wilson, Ian, 94 [FS]

wimps, 249 [GS]

wind chimes (primitive), 172 [FS]

wind, 200, 202 [GS]

Windermere, Lake, 355 [FS]

Windsor, Samuel, 323 [GS]

wine, 312 [GS]

Winnipeg, 394, 400 [GS]

Winograd, Isaac, 22-24 [FS]

Winters, Jeffrey, 104 [PS], 46, 150 [FS]

Wisconsin glaciation, 18, 52, 78 [FS]

witch(es), 40, 41, 42 [GS]

Witmer, Lawrence, 96 [PS]

Wittenberg, 181 [GS]

Witwatersrand, University of the, 128 [PS]

Witzke, B., 360 [FS]

Wohlstein, Herman, 224 [GS]

Woillard, Genevieve, 263 [PS]

Wolf, Josef, 185, 450, 482 [FS]

Wolfe Creek Crater, 241, 241 [PS]

Wolfe, Doug, 118 [PS]

Wolfe, Irving, 97 [GS]

Wolfe, Jack, 34 [FS]

Wölfli, W., 34, 52, 388 [FS]

Wollin, Goesta, 5, 488 [FS]

Wolpoff, Milford, 198-199 [FS]

Wolszczan, Alexander, 319 [FS]

wolves, 194, 479 [FS], 65, 265 [PS]

Womb House, 242 [FS]

wombat, giant, 445 [FS]

Wong-Shi-Shing, Compendium of (see also Compendium of Wong-shi-Shing), 306 [FS]

Wood, Marion, 283 [GS]

Woodleigh crater, 210 [PS]

Woodroffe, Alastair, 27-28 [FS]

Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 286 [GS]

Woodsice Creek, 197 [PS]

World War Two, 236 [PS], 473 [FS]

Worlds in Collision, 75, 154, 176, 379 [GS]

Worlds of Galileo, 499 [FS]

Wrangel Island, 453 [FS]

Wright, D. J. M, 171 [FS]

Wright, Frederick, 379 [FS]

Wright, Karen, 174 [FS], 207, 209 [PS]

Wright, W. B., 27 [FS], 379 [GS]

writing, 94-95, 100, 101, 489 [FS]

Wu Gorge, 35 [PS], 416 [FS]

Würm Glaciation, 341 [FS]

Wyoming, 117, 183, 222 [PS], 446 [FS]

Wyss, André, 87 [FS]

 

X

 

xemx (see shemsh)

xenon, 430, 432 [FS]

Xing, Xu, 109 [PS]

Xingu, 279 [GS]

Xiuhtecuhtli, 240, 240, 317 [GS]

X-rays & X-ray radiation, 148, 249-251, 260, 264, 333-334, 336, 372, 429, 472-474, 500, 512 [FS], 13, 19, 82, 228, 233, 244 [PS], 477, 482 [GS]

XTE J1550-564, 281 [FS]

xylophone (primitive), 172 [FS]

 

Y

 

Ya (see Yahweh)

Yah-El (see Yahweh-Elohim)

Yahu (see Yahweh)

Yahweh (Yahveh, Ya, Ya-hu, Yau, Yaw, Yo, Jehovah), 108, 116-120, 122-127, 128, 128-129, 132-135, 207-208, 348 [FS], 28, 80 [GS]

Yahweh-Elohim, 129, 208 [FS]

Yahweh-Sedeq, 118 [FS]

Yahwist tradition, 28 [GS]

Yakima, 137, 220 [FS]

Yakut, 219 [GS]

Yakutsk, 354 [GS]

Yale University, 45 [FS], 90, 342 [PS]

Yama, 114, 231, 235, 306 [FS], 61, 233, 236, 270, 309, 440 [GS]

Yama-antakah, 231 [FS]

Yamakila(h), 233, 440 [GS]

Yangtze River, 35 [PS]

Yao, 94 [GS]

Yapp, Crayton, 202 [FS]

Yarkovski, I. O., 142, 145 [PS]

Yasuda, Yoshinori, 462 [FS]

Yates, Francis, 96 [FS]

Yau (see Yahweh)

Yaw (see Yahweh)

Yellow Emperor, Yellow Lord (see also Huang-ti), 237, 238, 264, 317 [GS]

Yellowknife, 286 [PS]

Yellowstone National Park, 414 [FS]

Yerombalos, 123 [FS]

Yerushalaim (see Jerusalem)

Yerushalem (see Jereusalem)

Yeuo, 123 [FS]

yew, 265 [PS]

Yezidis, 348 [FS]

Yima, 114 [FS], 236, 309, 356 [GS]

Yin-Yang, 319 [GS]

Yo (see Yahweh)

Yom Kippur, 108 [FS]

yoni, 243, 244 [FS]

Yoruba, 222 [FS], 280, 281 [GS]

Yucatan Peninsula, 203, 223, 226 [PS], 306 [FS], 92 [GS]

yugas, 395 [FS]

Yugoslavia, 16 [GS], 16, 239 [FS]

Yuki, 197, 240, 264, 271, 276, 306, 449 [GS]

Yukon, 354, 394 [GS], 264, 341 [PS], 80, 82, 168, 169, 206 [FS]

Yukon, Fort (see Fort Yukon) [GS]

Yulsman, Tom, 187 [GS]

Yuma, 151, 152, 218, 223 [FS]

Yumin, Li, 97-98 [PS]

Yunnan Province, 182 [PS]

Yupa, 236 [FS]

 

Z

 

Z (postulated planet), 34, 52 [FS]

Zagreb, 83 [GS]

Zaïre, 174-176 [GS]

Zambesi, 482 [FS]

Zamora, Ramón y, 90 [GS]

Zangger, Eberhard, 340 [PS]

Zank, Gary, 299 [GS], 473 [FS]

Zapatero-Osorio, Maria, 335-336, 467, 469, 471 [GS], 149, 224 [FS]

Zavatti, Silvio, 47 [FS]

Zebaot (see Sabaoth)

Zedek (see Sedeq)

Zeeman effect, 332 [FS], 73 [PS]

Zeilik, Michael, 366 [FS], 401 [GS]

Zemel, Henry, 276 [PS], 95-96 [FS]

Zephyros, 433 [GS]

Zeppelinfeld, 29 [GS]

Zeuner, Frederick E., 161-163 [FS]

Zeus, 26, 45, 46, 47, 51, 52, 55, 56, 71, 78, 407, 408 [GS], 92, 98, 124-125, 313, 342, 347 [FS]

Zhang, David, 84 [FS]

Zharkov, V. N., 471 [GS]

Zhenxing, 217 [GS]

Zhou, Lei, 35 [FS]

Ziegler, J., 124 [FS]

Zimbabwe, 443 [GS]

Zimmer, Carl, 179 [FS], 88-89, 109, 133, 175, 203 [PS]

Zimmer, Heinrich, 96, 150, 220, 229-230, 238, 242, 371 [FS]

zinc, 286 [GS]

Zinsmeister, Bill, 257 [PS]

Zipporah, 119 [FS]

zodiac, 108, 110, 114, 116-117, 138 [GS]

Zodiacal light, 290, 293 [PS]

Zoller, William, 220 [PS]

Zollner, Friedrich, 165 [PS]

Zoque, 89-90 [GS]

Zoroaster, 301 [FS]

Zoroastrian religion, 114 [FS]

Zoroastrians (Parsis), 151, 265 [GS]

Zorpette, Glenn, 236 [PS]

z-pinches (stated & implied), 264, 268, 277 [FS]

Zruan, 142 [FS], 265 [GS]

Zuab (see Apsu)

Zuber, Maria, 323 [PS]

Zucker, Shay, 333 [GS]

Zu-en (see Sin)

Zuni Basin, 109, 118 [PS]

Zuni, 276, 387, 389 [GS], 96, 151, 308, 310, 476 [FS]

Zurich, 163 [FS]

Zurvan, 142, 301-302 [FS], 265, 310 [GS]

Zwicky, Fritz, 249-250 [GS], 76 [PS]

Zysman, Milton, 385 [GS]

 

Æ

 

Æsir, 272, 457 [GS]